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Characterizing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa : Time for Strategic Action

ACCESS TO CONDOMS ACCESS TO INTERVENTIONS ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME ADVOCACY EFFORTS AIDS CASES AT-RISK GROUPS AWARENESS RAISING BEHAVIORAL SURVEILLANCE BILATERAL DONORS BLOOD DONORS BREASTFEEDING CHILDBIRTH COMMERCIAL SEX COMMERCIAL SEX WORK COMMERCIAL SEX WORKER CONDOM CONDOM USE CRIME DISEASES DRUG USER DRUGS ECONOMIC CONDITIONS EFFECTIVE PREVENTION EPIDEMICS EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE FAMILIES FAMILY HEALTH FAMILY MEMBERS HARM REDUCTION HEALTH HEALTH EXPENDITURES HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH SERVICES HEPATITIS C HIGH RISK OF INFECTION HIGH-RISK HIGH-RISK GROUPS HIGH-RISK POPULATIONS HIV HIV INFECTION HIV INFECTIONS HIV PREVENTION HIV TESTING HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IMMUNODEFICIENCY INJECTING DRUG USE INJECTING DRUG USERS INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTION INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS LIFE EXPECTANCY LIFESTYLES LOW PREVALENCE MALARIA MEDICAL CARE MEDICAL RESEARCH MIGRANTS MIGRATION MOTHER-TO-CHILD MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION MULTIPLE SEX PARTNERS NEW INFECTIONS NUMBER OF AIDS DEATHS NUTRITION PANDEMIC PARENTHOOD FEDERATION PATIENTS PREVALENCE RATE PREVALENCE RATES PREVENTION EFFORTS PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS PRISONS PRIVATE PROVIDERS PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC HEALTH REDUCTION IN TRANSMISSION REFUGEES RELIGIOUS LEADERS RISK BEHAVIORS RISK FACTORS RISK OF INFECTION RISK POPULATIONS RISK TAKING SAFE NEEDLES SAVINGS SCHOOLS SCREENING SEX WITH MEN SEX WORKER SEXUAL ACTIVITIES SEXUAL EDUCATION SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT STIS SUBSIDIARY SURVEILLANCE ACTIVITIES SURVEILLANCE DATA TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TUBERCULOSIS UNAIDS UNEMPLOYMENT VERTICAL TRANSMISSION VIOLENCE VOLUNTARY COUNSELING VULNERABLE GROUPS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADULTS YOUTH
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World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | Middle East | North Africa
2012-03-19T09:34:05Z | 2012-03-19T09:34:05Z | 2010

Despite a fair amount of progress on understanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology globally, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the only region where knowledge of the epidemic continues to be very limited, and subject to much controversy. It has been more than 25 years since the discovery of HIV, but no scientific study has provided a comprehensive data-driven synthesis of HIV/AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) infectious spread in this region. The current report provides the first comprehensive scientific assessment and data-driven epidemiological synthesis of HIV spread in MENA since the beginning of the epidemic. It is based on a literature review and analysis of thousands of widely unrecognized publications, reports, and data sources extracted from scientific literature or collected from sources at the local, national, and regional levels. The recommendations provided here focus on key strategies related to the scope of this report and its emphasis on understanding HIV epidemiology in MENA as a whole. The recommendations are based on identifying the status of the HIV epidemic in MENA, through this synthesis, as a low HIV prevalence setting with rising concentrated epidemics among priority populations. General directions for prevention interventions as warranted by the outcome of this synthesis are also discussed briefly, but are not delineated because they are beyond the scope of this report. This report was not intended to provide intervention recommendations for each MENA country.

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