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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study

Eastern Africa - A study of the Regional Maize Market and Marketing Costs

AGGREGATE DEMAND AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL POLICY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURE ANIMAL FEED AUCTIONS AVERAGE VARIABLE COSTS BANANAS CALORIE INTAKE CASSAVA CEREALS CLIMATE CHANGE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMER PRICES CONSUMERS CONSUMPTION LEVELS COOKING CORN CROP INCOME CROP PRODUCTION CROSSING DEMAND FOR FOOD DUMPING ECONOMIC SECTOR WORK ELASTICITIES ELASTICITY EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURES EXPORT CROPS EXPORT MAIZE EXPORTS FAIR FARM INCOME FARM SIZE FARMER ORGANIZATIONS FINANCIAL CRISIS FIXED COSTS FOOD CONSUMPTION FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS FOOD CROPS FOOD DEFICIT FOOD DISTRIBUTION FOOD EXPENDITURES FOOD INSECURITY FOOD PRICE DILEMMA FOOD PRICES FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD PRODUCTS FOOD SECURITY FOOD SHORTAGES FOOD STAPLES FOOD SUPPLY FOOD SURPLUS FREE TRADE FRUITS FUEL FUEL COSTS FUEL EFFICIENCY FUEL PRICES FUEL TAXES FUELS GDP GDP PER CAPITA GRAIN MARKETS GRAINS HIGH TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUNGER IFPRI INCOME INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INPUT PRICES INTERNATIONAL MARKET LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKETS LAMB LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS LONG-RUN ELASTICITIES MAIZE MAIZE DEFICIT MAIZE EXPORTER MAIZE HARVEST MAIZE IMPORTS MAIZE MARKET MAIZE MARKETING MAIZE POLICY MAIZE PRICES MAIZE PRODUCERS MAIZE PRODUCING AREAS MAIZE PRODUCTION MAIZE PRODUCTS MAIZE PURCHASES MAIZE SURPLUS MAIZE YIELDS MARKET ACCESS MARKET CONDITIONS MARKET DEMAND MARKET INTEGRATION MARKET LINKAGES MARKET POSITION MARKET PRICES MARKETING MARKETING COSTS MEANS OF TRANSPORT MEAT MODE OF TRANSPORTATION MULTIPLIER EFFECTS OPPORTUNITY COSTS OUTPUT PER CAPITA PER CAPITA INCOME PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PLANTING TIME POLICE POPULATION DENSITIES POPULATION GROWTH POSITIVE EFFECTS POTENTIAL OUTPUT PRICE CHANGES PRICE CONTROL PRICE DIFFERENTIAL PRICE INCENTIVES PRICE INCREASE PRICE MARGINS PRICE POLICIES PRICE TREND PRICE VOLATILITY PRODUCTION COSTS PROFIT MARGINS PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS PURCHASING PURCHASING MAIZE RAIL RAIL INVESTMENTS RAIL SERVICES RAILROADS RAINY SEASON RICE ROAD ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROOT CROPS ROUTES RURAL ROADS RURAL ROUTES SALE SALES SMALL FARM SORGHUM SPREAD STAPLE FOODS STEEL STOCKS STORAGE CAPACITY SUPPLY CHAIN SUPPLY CHAINS SURPLUS SURPLUS FOOD SWEET POTATOES TARIFF BARRIERS TAX TAXATION TEA TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TIRES TOTAL COSTS TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE POLICY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT CHARGES TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICES TRANSPORT USERS TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION COSTS TRAVEL DISTANCES TRAVEL TIME TRIP TRUCKS TRUE URBAN CONSUMERS URBAN CONSUMPTION URBAN MARKETS VARIABLE COSTS VEGETABLES VEHICLE VEHICLE OPERATING VEHICLE OPERATING COSTS WAREHOUSE WEALTH WFP WHEAT WHITE MAIZE WHOLESALE MAIZE WHOLESALE PRICES WORLD FOOD PROGRAM WORLD MARKET WORLD MARKETS WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO YELLOW MAIZE
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World Bank
Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T17:25:41Z | 2012-03-19T17:25:41Z | 2009-12-31

Maize is the most important staple food in the Eastern Africa region and the most widely traded agricultural commodity. Therefore, the performance of grain markets has a significant impact on people's welfare, particularly the poor, and is critical to inducing pro-poor growth in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, i.e. the countries under review in this report. Marketing costs at the borders would need to be reduced but even more attention should be paid to domestic marketing costs. Policy makers in East Africa should not be misled that encouraging greater regional trade is solely a diplomatic matter. Instead, concerted public investments and policy actions at local, national, and regional levels are required. Reduced marketing costs would allow a reduction in input prices and thus production costs. This report aims to examine, identify, and quantify the factors behind the marketing costs for maize in East African countries. While a number of studies have recognized major barriers to trade in the region, few have actually quantified their relative importance or the magnitudes of these constraints on grain trade. Since much past research has been inconclusive, a key focus of this report is to identify how different barriers contribute to marketing costs within countries and across borders. It also aims to analyze whether a reduction in cross-border trade costs without a simultaneous reduction in domestic costs would be sufficient for greater regional integration in East Africa.

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