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Indigenous and Colonial Origins of Comparative Economic Development : The Case of Colonial India and Africa

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AGRARIAN SOCIETY AGRICULTURE ANCIENT SYSTEM ANTHROPOLOGISTS ANTHROPOLOGY BASIC BENCHMARK BEST PRACTICE BOND BONDS BUSINESS COMMUNITIES CALCULATION CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITAL MARKETS CAPITALISM CENTRALIZATION CHECKS CITIES COLLECTIVE COLLECTIVE ACTION COLONIAL PERIOD COLONIALISM COMMODITY COMPANY COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES COMPARATIVE HISTORY CONSOLIDATION CONTRIBUTION CORPORATE BODIES CORPORATE ENTERPRISE CULTURAL PERFORMANCES CULTURES DECENTRALIZATION DELTA DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS DEPENDENCE DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES DISTRICTS DROUGHT ECOLOGY ECONOMETRIC MODELS ECONOMIC DEPENDENCY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC EXPANSION ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC HISTORIANS ECONOMIC HISTORY ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE EQUALITY ESSAYS ESTATES FAMILIES FAMILY FIRM FAMILY STRUCTURES FINANCIAL SUPPORT FIRST GENERATION FRANCHISE FREE TRADE GDP GEOGRAPHY GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS GROWTH RATE HISTORIANS HISTORICAL ANALYSIS HISTORICAL DATA HISTORICAL EVIDENCE HISTORIOGRAPHY HORN OF AFRICA IDENTITY INCOME INCOME LEVELS INCOMES INCORPORATED INDIGENOUS ENTREPRENEURSHIP INDIGENOUS PEOPLE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIALIZATION INFERENCE INHERITANCE INTELLECTUAL HISTORY INVESTIGATION KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY LABOR FORCE LACK OF EXPERIENCE LIMITED LITERACY LITERATURE LIVING STANDARDS MARKETING MIDDLE AGES MIDDLE EAST MISSIONARIES MONOPOLISTS MONOPOLY MUNICIPALITIES MYTH NATIONALISM NORTH AFRICA PERCEPTION PHILOSOPHY POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL PARTIES POWER PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD PRESERVATION PRIMARY EDUCATION PRODUCTIVITY PROPERTY RIGHTS PROPRIETARY PROPRIETORSHIP PROSPERITY PUBLIC GOODS RAPID DEVELOPMENT RATE OF GROWTH READING RELIGION RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY SAHARA SALARIES SCHOLARSHIP SCHOOLS SLAVERY SOCIAL GROUPS SOCIAL HISTORY SOCIAL MOVEMENTS SOCIAL ORGANIZATION SOCIAL PROCESSES SOCIETIES SOCIETY SOCIOLOGY SOURCES OF INCOME STATE ACTION STATISTICAL ANALYSIS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA TAXATION TEMPLE TOWNS TRADITION TRADITIONS TRAVELS UNION VALUABLE VILLAGES WEALTH WEALTH CREATION WESTERN EUROPE WORLD HISTORY WRITERS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | South Asia | Africa | India
2012-05-25T18:49:25Z | 2012-05-25T18:49:25Z | 2008-01

This paper concerns the institutional origins of economic development, emphasizing the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. Colonial institutions-the law, western style property rights, newspapers and statistical analysis-played an important part in the emergence of Indian public and commercial life in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These institutions existed in the context of a state that was extractive and yet dependent on indigenous cooperation in many areas, especially in the case of the business class. In such conditions, Indian elites were critical in creating informal systems of peer-group education, enhancing aspiration through the use of historicist and religious themes and in creating a "benign sociology" of India as a prelude to development. Indigenous ideologies and practices were as significant in this slow enhancement of Indian capabilities as transplanted colonial ones. Contemporary development specialists would do well to consider the merits of indigenous forms of association and public debate, religious movements and entrepreneurial classes. Over much of Asia and Africa, the most successful enhancement of people's capabilities has come through the action of hybrid institutions of this type.

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