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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Why Does Cargo Spend Weeks in African Ports? The Case of Douala, Cameroon

ACTION PLAN ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS AIM BERTH BEST PRACTICES BOARD ANNUAL MEETING BORDER CONTROLS BOTTLENECKS BUSINESSES CARGO CARGO DWELL TIME CARGO SYSTEMS CARGOS CASH FLOW CIF COMMERCE COMMODITIES COMMODITY CONGESTION CONNECTIVITY CONSIGNMENT CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER TERMINALS CONTAINER TRAFFIC CONTAINER YARD CONTAINERIZATION CONTAINERS CUSTOMER SERVICE CUSTOMS CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATIONS CUSTOMS AREA CUSTOMS BROKERS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE CUSTOMS CODE CUSTOMS DECLARATION CUSTOMS DUES CUSTOMS DUTIES CUSTOMS FORMALITIES CUSTOMS OPERATIONS CUSTOMS PROCEDURES DATA ANALYSIS DATA MINING DELIVERIES DEMURRAGE E-MAIL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIES OF SCALE EFFICIENCY OF CUSTOMS OPERATIONS ELASTICITY EQUIPMENT FORWARDING FREIGHT FREIGHT FORWARDERS IMPORT DOCUMENTS INSPECTION INSPECTIONS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVENTORY INVENTORY LEVEL INVENTORY LEVELS INVENTORY MANAGEMENT LAND TRANSPORT LINER SHIPPING LOGISTICS CHAIN LOGISTICS COSTS LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT LOGISTICS PROVIDERS LONGER DISTANCES MANUFACTURING MARITIME TRANSPORT MARKET SHARE MARKET SHARES NETWORKS ONE-STOP SHOP OPEN ACCESS OPERATING SYSTEM PACKAGING PAYMENT OF TAXES PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PLATFORM PERFORMANCE PORT AUTHORITY PORT CHARGES PORT FACILITIES PORT OF CALL PORTS PRIVATE SECTOR PRODUCT CATEGORY PRODUCTIVITY PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION RAIL RESULT RESULTS ROUTE SERVICE PROVIDERS SHIP TURNAROUND TIME SHIPMENTS SHIPPERS SHIPPING SHIPPING AGENTS SHIPPING ROUTES STANDARDIZATION STORAGE CAPACITY STORAGE FACILITIES SUPPLY CHAIN TARGETS TAX TEMPORARY STORAGE TIME PERIOD TONNAGE TRADE FACILITATION TRADE LOGISTICS TRADE PERFORMANCE TRAFFIC GROWTH TRAFFIC PATTERNS TRANSACTION TRANSIT TRANSMISSION TRANSPORT TRANSPORT FACILITATION TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MODE TRANSPORT OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION COSTS TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH TRANSSHIPMENT TRIP TRUCK USE TRUCKS USER USES VEHICLES WAITING TIME WAREHOUSING WEB
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Africa | Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Cameroon
2012-03-19T18:00:29Z | 2012-03-19T18:00:29Z | 2011-02-01

This paper investigates the main factors explaining long container dwell times in African Ports. Using original and extensive data on container imports in the Port of Douala, it seeks to provide a basic understanding of why containers stay on average more than two weeks in gateway ports in Africa while long dwell times are widely recognized as a critical hindrance to economic development. It also demonstrates the interrelationships that exist between logistics performance of consignees, operational performance of port operators and efficiency of customs clearance operations. Shipment level analysis is used to identify the main determinants of long cargo dwell times and the impact of shipment characteristics such as fiscal regime, density of value, bulking and packaging type, last port of call, and region of origin or commodity group on cargo dwell time in ports is tested. External factors, such as performance of clearing and forwarding agents, shippers and shipping line strategies, also play an important role in the determination of long dwell times. Cargo dwell time distribution has many specificities, including broad-tail, high variance or right-censoring, which requires in-depth statistical analysis prior to any design of policy recommendations.

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