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Petroleum Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa : Analysis and Assessment of 12 Countries

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCIDENTS ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT MODES APPROACH AVAILABILITY AVIATION FUEL BALANCE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BARRIERS TO ENTRY BIDDING BOILERS BORDER TRADE BUS BUS OPERATORS CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CARRIERS CARS COAL COASTAL TANKER COMMERCE CONCESSION CONGESTION CONTINGENT LIABILITIES COST OF TRANSPORT COSTS OF FUEL CRUDE OIL CRUDE OIL PIPELINE DEMAND FOR AVIATION DEMAND FOR PETROLEUM PRODUCTS DEPOT DEPOTS DIESEL DIESEL FUEL DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE DOMESTIC CRUDE OIL DOMESTIC MARKET DOWNSTREAM OIL DUMPING ECONOMIC REGULATION ECONOMIES OF SCALE EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT ELECTRICITY EXPENDITURES EXPORT MARKET EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES FAIR FINANCIAL MARKET FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FLEET MANAGEMENT FLEET OPERATORS FREE GASOLINE FREIGHT FREIGHT SECTOR FREIGHT TRANSPORT FUEL FUEL ADULTERATION FUEL COSTS FUEL OIL FUEL PRICES FUEL PROCUREMENT FUEL QUALITY FUEL SHORTAGE FUEL SHORTAGES FUEL SOURCES FUEL SPECIFICATIONS FUEL SUPPLY FUEL TAX FUEL TAXES FUELS GAS PROCESSING PLANT GASOLINE GASOLINE COST GASOLINE PRICES GASOLINE PRODUCTION GRID POWER GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HIGH-SULFUR HIGHER OIL PRICES HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES HUB AIRPORTS INSPECTION INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL OIL PRICES INVENTORY KEROSENE KEROSENE CONSUMPTION LAND TRANSPORT LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS LIQUID FUELS LONG-DISTANCE LUBRICANTS MARGINAL COST MARKET CONCENTRATION MARKET INFORMATION MARKET PRICES MARKET SHARE MARKET STRUCTURE MARKETING MILLION BARRELS MINERAL MONOPOLIES MONOPOLY NATIONAL ENERGY NATIONAL OIL NATURAL GAS NATURAL GAS PROCESSING NATURAL MONOPOLIES NATURAL RESOURCES OIL AND GAS OIL COMPANY OIL DEMAND OIL INDUSTRY OIL MARKETING OIL MARKETING COMPANIES OIL PIPELINE OIL PRICE OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCER OIL PRODUCTS OIL REFINERIES OIL REFINING OIL SECTOR OIL SUPPLY OIL-IMPORTING COUNTRIES PETROLEUM PETROLEUM GAS PETROLEUM INDUSTRY PETROLEUM MARKET PETROLEUM MARKETS PETROLEUM PRODUCT CONSUMPTION PETROLEUM PRODUCT PRICES PETROLEUM PRODUCT PRICING PETROLEUM PRODUCT SUPPLY PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PETROLEUM REFINERIES PETROLEUM SECTOR PIPELINE PIPELINE CAPACITY PIPELINE COMPANY PIPELINE TRANSPORT PIPELINES PORT OF ENTRY POWER POWER GENERATION POWER PLANT POWER SECTOR POWER SHORTAGES PRICE ADJUSTMENT PRICE CEILINGS PRICE CONTROL PRICE CONTROLS PRICE INCREASES PRICE LEVELS PRICE OF OIL PRICE REGULATION PRICE SPIKES PRICE STABILIZATION PRICE STRUCTURE PRICE TRENDS PRICE VARIATIONS PRICE VOLATILITY PRICING POLICIES PRICING POLICY PRIMARY SOURCES PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE VEHICLES PRODUCT PRICING PRODUCT QUALITY PRODUCTS PIPELINE PROFIT MARGINS PUBLIC TRANSPORT PURCHASING RAIL RAIL FREIGHT RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL LINE RAIL TRANSPORT RAIL USE RAILWAY RAILWAYS REFINED PRODUCTS REFINERY RESIDUAL FUEL RESIDUAL FUEL OIL RETAIL RETAIL MARKETING RETAIL PRICE RETAIL PRICES RETAILING ROAD ROAD CONDITIONS ROAD DAMAGE ROAD IMPROVEMENT ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROUTE ROUTES SALE SALES SALES ARRANGEMENTS SPOT PRICES STOCK LEVELS STOCK MANAGEMENT STOCKS STORAGE CAPACITY STORAGE FACILITIES SULFUR SULFUR CONTENT SUPPLIER SUPPLIERS SUPPLY CHAIN SUPPLY CONTRACT SUPPLY EFFICIENCY SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY SURPLUS TAX TAX REVENUES TRAFFIC TRAFFIC SAFETY TRAINS TRANSIT TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES TRANSPORT CAPACITY TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICES TRANSPORTATION TRUCKS TRUE UNDERGROUND UTILITIES VEHICLE WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTORS WHOLESALE MARKETING WHOLESALE PRICES WHOLESALERS WORLD MARKET WORLD OIL PRICES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2014-05-13T20:34:08Z | 2014-05-13T20:34:08Z | 2010-03

This regional study takes twelve oil-importing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and asks the following two questions: does each stage in the supply chain, from import of crude oil or refined products to retail, seem to be efficiently run and are the efficiency gains passed on to end-users? And if not, what are the potential causes and possible means of remedying the problems? The study focuses on Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, Niger, and Senegal in West Africa and Botswana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda in East and Southern Africa, covering a wide range of conditions that affect price levels, such as the market size, geography (whether landlocked or coastal), existence of domestic refineries, degree of sector liberalization including pricing, and level of economic development.

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