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Fostering Technology Absorption in Southern African Enterprises

ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY ACTION PLAN ACTION PLANS ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY ANTENNAS ARTISAN AUTOMOTIVE BARRIERS TO ENTRY BASIC BI BIOTECHNOLOGIES BUSINESS ACTIVITIES BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS PROCESS BUSINESS PROCESS OUTSOURCING BUSINESS SECTOR BUSINESS SERVICES BUSINESS STRATEGY BUSINESSES BUYER BUYERS CAPABILITIES CAPITAL FLOWS CAPITAL INVESTMENT CERTIFICATE COLLABORATION COMMERCE COMMODITIES COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY COMMUNITIES COMPARATOR COUNTRIES COMPETITION POLICY COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVENESS COMPUTERS CONSULTING SERVICES COPYING COPYRIGHT DEBT DOI DOMESTIC ECONOMIES DOMESTIC ECONOMY DOMESTIC FIRM DOMESTIC FIRMS E-MAIL ECONOMIC CATCH-UP ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC POLICY ECONOMIC REFORM ECONOMIC RELATIONS ECONOMICS ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELECTRICAL MACHINERY ELECTRONIC MEDIA ELECTRONIC SOFTWARE ENGINEERING ENGINEERS ENTERPRISE SURVEY ENTERPRISE SURVEYS EQUIPMENT EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES FDI FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS FINANCIAL SYSTEM FOREIGN COMPETITION FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN ENTERPRISES FOREIGN FIRMS FOREIGN INVESTMENT FOREIGN INVESTORS FOREIGN TECHNOLOGIES GAME THEORY GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL MARKET GLOBAL MARKETPLACE GLOBALIZATION GOVERNMENT POLICIES GROWTH PATH HARMONIZATION HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS HOST COUNTRY HOST ECONOMY HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN RESOURCE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES ICT IMAGE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIAL UPGRADING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION POLICIES INNOVATION POLICY INNOVATION SYSTEMS INSTALLATION INSTITUTION INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION INTERNATIONAL STANDARD INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INVENTIONS INVENTORS INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT POLICIES JOINT VENTURES KEY INDUSTRIES KNOW-HOW KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER LEARNING LENDING OPERATIONS LICENSE LICENSE FEES LICENSES LICENSING LITERACY MANUFACTURING MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES MANUFACTURING SECTOR MANUFACTURING SECTORS MARKET COMPETITION MARKET FAILURE MARKET FAILURES MARKET PRICE MARKET SHARE MARKET STRUCTURE MARKET STRUCTURES MARKETING MATERIAL MEDIA MEDIUM ENTERPRISES NETWORKS NEW MARKETS NEW TECHNOLOGIES NEW TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATION OUTSOURCING PATENTS PHOTO PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRIVATE SECTORS PROCUREMENT PROCUREMENT POLICIES PRODUCT DESIGNS PRODUCTION PROCESS PRODUCTION PROCESSES PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES PRODUCTIVITY PROGRAMS PROJECT MANAGEMENT QUERIES R&D RADIO RADIO FREQUENCY RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RESEARCH RESULTS RESULT RFID SCIENCE FOUNDATION SERVICE PROVIDERS SITES SMALL FIRMS SMES STANDARDIZATION SUPERVISION TACIT KNOWLEDGE TAX INCENTIVE TAX INCENTIVES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROJECT TECHNICAL TRAINING TECHNICIANS TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGICAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS TECHNOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS TECHNOLOGY CONTENT TECHNOLOGY GAP TECHNOLOGY GAPS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY TECHNOLOGY SECTOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TELECOMMUNICATION TELEPHONE TEXT TURNOVER RATES
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World Bank
Africa | Southern Africa
2012-03-19T09:04:45Z | 2012-03-19T09:04:45Z | 2011-09-16

This book seeks to understand how firms in southern Africa absorb technology and how policy makers can hurry the process along. It identifies channels of technology transfer and absorption through trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) and constraints to greater technology absorption, and it discusses policy options open to the government and the private sector in light of relevant international experience. The book is based on case studies of sectors and enterprises selected in four countries: Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, and South Africa. The relationship between technology absorption and catch-up growth is particularly relevant to southern Africa because those countries are facing tremendous competitiveness challenges and must rely on greater technology absorption to raise productivity and strengthen competitiveness to gain ground in the global market. An increased market share can then generate faster growth and create more jobs. Therefore, catch-up growth sustained by technological progress and productivity growth is the fundamental solution to unemployment and poverty alleviation. Southern African firms use multiple channels for technology absorption. For example, South African auto component firms entered technology agreements with global players to meet the demanding product standards required for export. Even after the global crisis in 2009, those who licensed technologies still spent 2.23 percent of their sales revenue on royalties. In Namibia, the meat-processing industry has made continuous efforts to upgrade technology, including the recent investment in radio frequency identification technology to trace cattle. In fish processing, companies use state-of-the-art production technologies, including electronic software to record and monitor production processes, intelligent portioning equipment, and sophisticated freezer systems. In the breweries sector, state-of-the-art technology is used at every stage of production and in the marketing and distribution processes.

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