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Working Paper

An Exposition of the New Strategy, 'Promoting Peace and Stability in the Middle East and North Africa'

SANITATION EMPLOYMENT REGULATORY FRAMEWORK UNEMPLOYMENT RATES ECONOMIC GROWTH FORMAL EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS REGIONAL STRATEGY MIGRATION POLICY INTEREST INFLUX OF REFUGEES GUARANTEES TERRORIST EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES GLOBAL EFFORT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS STRATEGIES LEVELS OF EDUCATION LABOR FORCE NUMBER OF REFUGEES SERVICES DISCRIMINATION PUBLIC SERVICES HOUSING HEALTH CARE DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME TEACHING MATERIALS NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS PROJECTS POLITICAL MOVEMENTS VULNERABILITY POPULATION SIZE WATER RESOURCES KNOWLEDGE LABOR MARKET SOCIAL IMPACT WATER MANAGEMENT SOCIAL SERVICE DISEASES QUALITY OF EDUCATION TRAINING TRANSPORT HOST COUNTRIES DEMOCRACY PRODUCTIVITY WATER USE SECONDARY SCHOOL CITIZEN MIGRATION TRANSFERS HEALTH CARE SERVICES DEBT MARKETS LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEGISLATION HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS ADVOCACY ROLE SCHOOL STUDENTS LABOR ENTERPRISES SERVICE DELIVERY BORROWING COSTS MIGRANTS MENTAL HEALTH RULE OF LAW SUBSIDIES FINANCE POLITICAL SUPPORT GRANTS INFRASTRUCTURE ISLAMIC DEVELOPMENT BANK POLITICAL UNREST PROGRESS INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT UNEMPLOYMENT EQUITY HUMAN CAPITAL MIGRANT ACCOUNTABILITY WAGES POLICIES TERRORISTS SOCIAL SERVICES SMALL ENTERPRISES BASIC NEEDS LARGE NUMBERS OF REFUGEES VALUE BANK NATIONAL GOVERNMENT SAFETY NET SOCIAL MOVEMENTS MULTILATERAL ORGANIZATIONS PUBLIC DEBATE REFUGEE ECONOMIC FREEDOM JOB CREATION SCHOOL CHILDREN REFUGEES REFUGEE CHILDREN POPULATIONS QUALITY SERVICES TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER FOREIGN EXCHANGE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY POLICY SOLAR POWER CITIZENS SPILLOVER GOVERNANCE SOCIAL SECTORS GOVERNMENT POLICIES MICROFINANCE MINORITY WAR RECONSTRUCTION WARS WAR RISK IRREGULAR MIGRATION HOST COUNTRY ASYLUM REGIONAL COOPERATION FEMALE LABOR FORCE DECENTRALIZATION YOUNG PEOPLE REVENUE POPULATION STUDENTS LENDING CHILD LABOR CIVIL WAR PRIMARY EDUCATION WOMEN REMITTANCES GOVERNMENTS HEALTH SERVICES PEACE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Middle East | North Africa
2016-02-26T16:11:52Z | 2016-02-26T16:11:52Z | 2016-01

The Middle East and North Africa region is in turmoil. Syria, Iraq, Libya and Yemen are in civil war, causing untold damage to human lives and physical infrastructure. Fifteen million people have fled their homes, many to fragile or economically strapped countries such as Jordan, Lebanon, Djibouti and Tunisia, giving rise to the biggest refugee crisis since World War II. Palestinians are reeling from deadly attacks and blockades. With recruits from all over the world, radicalized terrorist groups and sectarian factions like Daesh are spreading violence around the globe, threatening some governments' ability to perform basic functions. Countries undergoing political transitions, such as Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and Jordan, face periodic attacks and political unrest, leading them to address security concerns over inclusive growth. Even relatively peaceful oil exporters, such as Algeria, Iran and the GCC, are grappling with youth unemployment and poor-quality public services, the same problems that contributed to the Arab Spring, alongside low oil prices. Finally, the author will develop and monitor input indicators that are consistent with the theory of change associated with the new strategy. We will have indicators that show whether our interventions are helping to renew the social contract (the use of citizen engagement in projects is an example). Household surveys can tell us whether the welfare of refugees and host communities is improving. Preparedness indicators can be used to inform progress on the recovery and reconstruction pillar. And standard indicators such as the share of electricity production that is traded will be used for the regional integration pillar.

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