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Financing Businesses in Africa : The Role of Microfinance

ABSENCE OF CREDIT ACCESS TO BANKING ACCESS TO BANKING SERVICES ACCESS TO CREDIT ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES BANK ACCOUNTS BANK FINANCING BANK POLICY BANKING SECTOR BANKING SERVICES BORROWER BORROWING BUSINESS INVESTMENT BUSINESS OWNERS BUSINESS-OWNERS CENTRAL BANK CENTRAL BANKS CHECKS COLLATERAL COMMERCIAL BANKS CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES CORRUPTION CREDIT ACCESS CREDIT ALLOCATION CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS CREDIT CONSTRAINTS CREDIT COOPERATIVES CREDIT HISTORY CREDIT MARKETS CREDIT PRODUCTS CREDIT PROGRAM CREDIT PROGRAMS CREDIT SCORING CREDITS CREDITWORTHINESS DEBT DEMOGRAPHIC DEPOSIT DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS DEPOSIT INSURANCE DEPOSITOR DEPOSITORS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT BANK DURABLE EARNINGS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMICS ENTREPRENEUR ENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE ENTREPRENEURS ENTREPRENEURSHIP EXPENDITURES FARMERS FEES ON DEPOSITS FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS FINANCIAL ACCESS FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL CRISES FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL HEALTH FINANCIAL INNOVATION FINANCIAL INNOVATIONS FINANCIAL LITERACY FINANCIAL MARKET FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY FINANCIAL STUDIES FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS FIXED COST FORMAL BANK FORMAL BANKING FORMAL CREDIT FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES FORMAL LENDING GENDER GROUP LENDING GROUPS OF PEOPLE HOUSEHOLDS INCOME INCOMES INDEBTEDNESS INFORMAL ECONOMY INFORMAL INSURANCE INFORMAL SAVINGS INSTITUTIONAL CREDIT INTEREST RATE INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT SPENDING JOINT LIABILITY JOINT-LIABILITY JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT LACK OF ACCESS LEGAL CONSTRAINTS LENDER LENDING DECISIONS LENDING INSTITUTIONS LIMITED ACCESS LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE LOAN LOAN APPLICANTS LOAN ELIGIBILITY LOAN PRODUCT LOCAL INSTITUTIONS LOCKBOXES MFI MFIS MICRO ENTERPRISES MICRO FINANCE MICRO-CREDIT MICRO-INSURANCE MICROCREDIT MICROENTERPRISES MICROFINANCE MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS MICROFINANCE PRACTITIONERS MICROINSURANCE MONETARY FUND MONEY LENDERS MONEYLENDERS NEW BUSINESS NEW BUSINESSES POLITICAL ECONOMY PORTFOLIOS POST OFFICES PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS PRODUCTIVITY PROFITABILITY REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT RESERVE RESERVE BANK RESERVE BANK OF INDIA RETURN RETURNS RISK MITIGATION RURAL BANK RURAL BANKS SAVINGS SAVINGS ACCOUNTS SAVINGS GROUPS SAVINGS INSTITUTIONS SAVINGS PRODUCT SELF-EMPLOYMENT SMALL BUSINESS SMALL BUSINESS LOANS SMALL ENTREPRENEURS SMALL LOANS SOCIAL BANKING SOCIAL CAPITAL SOLVENCY SOURCE OF FUNDS START-UP TAX TRANSPARENCY UNION VILLAGE VILLAGE FUND VILLAGES WEALTH CREATION WITHDRAWAL WITHDRAWAL FEE WITHDRAWAL FEES
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Africa | Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T17:29:19Z | 2012-03-19T17:29:19Z | 2012-02-01

This paper evaluates how microfinance performed in providing business financing in 27 Sub-Saharan African countries. It uses data from the 2009 and 2010 Gallup World Poll, a nationally-representative survey of at least 1,000 individuals per country, conducted in up to 157 countries per year. The data, supported by rigorous statistical evidence in related literature on the use of microcredit around the world, demonstrate that economic gains from microcredit have been more modest than what was once believed. On the other hand, the analysis suggests that the poor save in order to start new businesses and that the introduction of formal products for small savings can be a key financial innovation. The authors also analyze the challenges the poor face in setting money aside to save, and discuss what policymakers can do to promote savings.

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