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Biofuels in Africa : Opportunities, Prospects, and Challenges

ABUNDANT NATURAL RESOURCES ACID RAIN AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL RESIDUE AIR POLLUTION ALTERNATIVE CROPS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES ANIMAL FAT ANIMAL FATS ANIMAL FODDER APPROACH AVAILABILITY AVIATION FUEL BAGASSE BIODIESEL BIOENERGY BIOFUEL BIOFUEL INDUSTRY BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BIOFUEL STRATEGY BIOFUEL TECHNOLOGY BIOFUEL USE BIOFUELS BIOMASS BIOMASS ENERGY BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS BIRDS BOILERS BY-PRODUCTS CARBOHYDRATES CARBON CREDITS CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS CARBON MARKET CASH CROPS CASSAVA CELLULOSE CELLULOSIC ETHANOL CHARCOAL CHARCOAL PRODUCTION CLEAN DEVELOPMENT CLIMATE CHANGE CO COAL COGENERATION COLLECTION COSTS COMMODITY CONVERSION EFFICIENCY COOKING COOKING OIL COST OF ETHANOL COST OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION CROP CROP PRICES CROP PRODUCTION CROP RESEARCH CROP VARIETIES CRUDE OIL DEMAND FOR ENERGY DEMAND FOR ETHANOL DEMAND FOR GASOLINE DEMONSTRATION PLANTS DIESEL DIESEL ENGINE DIESEL ENGINES DIESEL FUEL DIMETHYL ETHER DISTILLERY ELECTRICAL ENERGY ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY FOR SALE ELECTRICITY PRICES EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORT EMPLOYMENT ENERGY CONTENT OF ETHANOL ENERGY ECONOMIST ENERGY PRICES ENERGY REQUIREMENTS ENERGY SECTOR ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY SOURCES ENERGY SUPPLIES ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFIT ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS ETHANOL ETHANOL FEEDSTOCKS ETHANOL IMPORTS ETHANOL MARKET ETHANOL PLANT ETHANOL PLANTS ETHANOL PRICES ETHANOL PRODUCER ETHANOL PRODUCERS ETHANOL PRODUCTION ETHANOL PRODUCTION CAPACITY ETHANOL PRODUCTION COSTS ETHANOL PRODUCTION FACILITIES ETHANOL PRODUCTION FACILITY ETHANOL PRODUCTION PROCESS ETHANOL PROGRAM ETHANOL YIELD ETHANOL YIELDS EXTRACTION PROCESSES FAO FARM FARMERS FEEDSTOCK FEEDSTOCK COSTS FEEDSTOCK FOR ETHANOL FEEDSTOCK FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION FEEDSTOCKS FERMENTATION FERTILIZERS FOOD CONSUMPTION FOOD CROPS FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOSSIL FOSSIL FUEL FOSSIL FUELS FUEL FUEL CELLS FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL DEMAND FUEL PRICES FUEL REQUIREMENTS FUEL WOOD FUELS GASES GASIFICATION GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES GASOLINE GASOLINE PRICES GENERATION GHG GRAIN GRAINS GRASSES GREENHOUSE GAS GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GREENHOUSE GASES HARVESTING HEAVY OIL HECTARES OF LAND HEMICELLULOSE HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES HOUSEHOLD ENERGY HUSBANDRY HYDROCARBONS HYDROLYSIS INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE JATROPHA KEROSENE LABOR COSTS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LAND RESOURCES LIGHTING LIQUEFACTION LIQUID BIOFUEL LIQUID BIOFUELS LIQUID FUELS LUBRICITY MAIZE MAIZE YIELDS METHANOL MOLASSES NATIONAL GRID NITROGEN OIL OIL EXTRACTION OIL PALM OIL PALMS OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCTION OIL YIELDS OILS OILSEEDS PEST CONTROL PETROLEUM PLANT OIL PLANTING PLANTING MATERIALS POWER POWER GENERATORS POWER GRID POWER PLANTS PRICE VOLATILITY PRIMARY FEEDSTOCK PRIMARY SOURCE OF ENERGY PRODUCE PRODUCT OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION PRODUCT QUALITY PRODUCTION COST PRODUCTION INCENTIVES PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION OF FEEDSTOCKS PYROLYSIS RAPESEED RENEWABLE FUEL RENEWABLE SOURCES RURAL AREAS RURAL VILLAGES SMOKE SOIL NUTRIENTS SORGHUM SOYBEAN OIL SOYBEANS STARCHES SUGAR SUGAR CROPS SUGAR FACTORY SUGAR MILLS SUGARCANE SUGARCANE BAGASSE SUGARCANE ETHANOL SUGARCANE PRODUCTION SUGARCANE RESIDUE SUGARS SYNTHESIS GAS SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS TAX REVENUES TEA TEA RESEARCH TRADITIONAL BIOMASS TREES TROPICAL FORESTS TURBINES VEGETABLE OIL VEGETABLE OILS VEHICLES WHEAT WHOLESALE PRICES WOOD WOOD FUEL WOOD FUELS WOODS
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World Bank
Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T09:36:02Z | 2012-03-19T09:36:02Z | 2011

Biofuels offer new opportunities for African countries. They can contribute to economic growth, employment, and rural incomes. They can become an important export for some countries and provide low-cost fuel for others. There is also a potentially large demand for biofuels to meet the rapidly growing need for local fuel. Abundant natural resources and low-cost labor make producing biofuel feedstock's a viable alternative to traditional crops; and the preferential access available to most African countries to protected markets in industrial countries provides unique export opportunities. Biofuels also bring challenges and risks, including potential land-use conflicts, environmental risks, and heightened concerns about food security. This book examines the potential of African countries to produce biofuels for export or domestic consumption and looks at the policy framework needed. It is part of the effort by the World Bank's Africa region to examine critical issues that affect the region and to recommend policies that effectively address these issues while providing an enabling environment for the private sector. The book is intended to inform policy makers and the larger development community of the global and domestic market opportunities facing biofuel producers, as well as the challenges of producing biofuels, in the Africa region.

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