This report is a synthesis of the key findings and results of the four technical reports, with a focus on the assessment of Climate Resilience (CR) contributed by ENRM measures. This report is structured as follows. After the introduction, chapter two presents the terminology, a review of the approaches to building climate resilience, and an overview of the methodology used in this study. Chapter three first provides a literature review of climate change and ENRM in the LVB, including a review of environmental and climate challenges and ongoing initiatives. It also surveys the major climate hazards and risks in the basin through a study of historical events, projections of climate change, and potential impacts to different sectors across the basin. Chapter four presents an assessment of climate risks at the micro-scale, focusing on three community case studies in Tanzania’s Mwanza Region—an assessment undertaken using participatory approaches. Chapter five examines the institutional frameworks for addressing environmental and natural resource management and climate change and describes the key gaps and needs. Chapter six identifies and assesses ENRM interventions that could strengthen climate resilience. Recommendations and suggestions for improvements are presented in chapter seven.