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Aid That Works : Successful Development in Fragile States

ABUSE ACCOUNTABILITY AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AID AID COORDINATION AID EFFECTIVENESS ARMED CONFLICT ARMED CONFLICTS AUTHORITY BRAC CAPACITY BUILDING CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CHILD MORTALITY CHILD MORTALITY RATES CITIZENS CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS COMMUNITY ACTION COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT CONSENSUS CORRUPTION CRIME CRISES DECENTRALIZATION DECISION MAKING DEMOCRATIZATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS DEVELOPMENT FUNDS DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS DEVELOPMENT POLICIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS DISCRETIONARY POWERS DISEASES DISSEMINATION DISTRICTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATION EMERGENCIES EPIDEMIC EXPENDITURE FINANCIAL SUPPORT GOVERNANCE OUTCOMES GOVERNANCE PROGRAM GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GOVERNMENT AGENCY GOVERNMENT CAPACITY GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HABITAT HEALTH HEALTH CARE HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INDICATORS HEALTH POLICY HEALTH SECTOR HUMAN RESOURCES INCOME INEQUITIES INSTITUTION BUILDING INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INSTITUTIONAL REFORM INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTION LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE LEGAL STATUS LEGITIMACY LIVELIHOOD OPPORTUNITIES LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL COUNCILS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL GOVERNANCE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES LOCAL INSTITUTIONS LOCAL KNOWLEDGE LOCAL LEVELS LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES MORTALITY MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY NATIONAL LEADERS NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONS NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ORGANIZED CRIME ORPHANS PARTICIPATORY PROCESSES PEACE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS POLICY MAKERS POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS POLITICAL SYSTEM POLITICAL SYSTEMS POOR GOVERNANCE POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PRACTITIONERS PRIME MINISTER PROGRESS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AFFAIRS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR GOVERNANCE REFUGEE REFUGEES REHABILITATION REPRESENTATIVES RIGHT TO EDUCATION RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL ACTION SOCIAL EXCLUSION SOVEREIGN STATES SOVEREIGNTY SPILLOVER STATE INSTITUTIONS SUBNATIONAL LEVELS SUSTAINABILITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNOCRATS TRANSPARENCY UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES VULNERABILITY WAR WARS WASTE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa | East Asia and Pacific | South Asia
Manor, James
2012-05-30T13:42:11Z | 2012-05-30T13:42:11Z | 2007

Presented in this study are nine development initiatives in six less developed countries - Afghanistan, Cambodia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Timor Leste and Uganda. The cases show that development initiatives, which engage local communities and local level governments, are often able to have significant impact. However, for more substantial improvements to take places, localized gains need to be scaled up either horizontally (other localities) or vertically (to higher levels). Given the advantages of working at the local level and the difficulty of working through mainstream bureaucratic agencies at higher levels in these countries, donors often prefer to create 'parallel-agencies' to reach out to larger numbers of beneficiaries. However, this may in the long run weaken the legitimacy of mainstream government institutions, and donor agencies may therefore choose to work as closely as possible with government officials from the beginning to build trust and demonstrating that new initiatives are non-threatening and help prepare the eventual mainstreaming of parallel agencies.

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