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The Impact of Regional Liberalization and Harmonization in Road Transport Services : A Focus on Zambia and Lessons for Landlocked Ccountries

ACCIDENT RATES ACCIDENTS AIR AIR FREIGHT ALTERNATIVE ROUTES ARTICULATED TRUCKS AVERAGE TRUCK FLEET AXLE LOAD AXLE LOADS AXLES BILATERAL TRANSPORT AGREEMENTS BORDER CROSSING BORDER TRAFFIC BORDER TRANSPORTATION BRIDGE BRIDGE TOLLS BRIDGES BUSES BYPASSES CABOTAGE CAPITAL PROJECTS CAR CARGO CARRIAGE CEMENT COMPETING ROUTES COMPONENTS INDUSTRY CONGESTION CONTAINERS COSTS OF TRANSPORT CROSSING CROSSINGS CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE CUSTOMS PROCEDURES DELIVERIES DEMAND FOR ROAD TRANSPORT DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT SERVICES DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT DIESEL DIESEL FUEL DOMESTIC TRAFFIC DOMESTIC TRANSPORT DRIVER TRAINING DRIVERS DRIVERS TRAINING ECONOMIES OF SCALE EXTERNALITIES FERRIES FIXED CHARGES FIXED COSTS FLEETS FRAMEWORK FREIGHT FREIGHT FLOWS FREIGHT MARKET FREIGHT SERVICES FREIGHT TRAFFIC FREIGHT TRANSPORT FREIGHT VEHICLE FUEL FUEL COSTS FUEL LEVIES FUEL PRICE FUEL PRICES FUEL SHORTAGES FUELS HANDLING HEAVY GOODS VEHICLES HEAVY TRUCKS HIGH TRANSPORT HIGHWAY HIGHWAY INFRASTRUCTURE INCOME INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL TRADE LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LIABILITY LIFTING LOGISTICS COSTS LONGER DISTANCES MAIN ROAD MANUFACTURING MARITIME TRANSPORT MILEAGE MINIMUM SAFETY STANDARDS MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT MODAL SHARE MODAL SHIFT MODAL TRANSPORT SYSTEM MODES OF TRANSPORT MOTOR VEHICLE MOTOR VEHICLE INDUSTRY ODOMETER PASSENGER PASSENGERS PAYLOAD PEAK PERIODS PORT OF ENTRY PORTS PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLES PUBLIC WORKS RAIL RAIL CONNECTIONS RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL OPERATOR RAIL OPERATORS RAIL ROUTES RAILWAY RAILWAY SYSTEM RAILWAYS RECONSTRUCTION REGIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT REGIONAL TRANSPORT REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION ROAD ROAD CONDITIONS ROAD CONSTRUCTION ROAD DEVELOPMENT ROAD FINANCING ROAD FUND ROAD HAULAGE ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD PAVEMENTS ROAD TARIFFS ROAD TAX ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROAD TRANSPORT INDUSTRY ROAD TRANSPORT MARKET ROAD TRANSPORT SECTOR ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES ROAD USER ROAD USER CHARGE ROAD USER CHARGES ROAD USER FEES ROAD VEHICLES ROADS ROUTE ROUTES SAFETY SAFETY AGENCY SEAPORTS SHIPPING SHRINKAGE SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA TOLL TOLL ROADS TRADE FACILITATION TRAFFIC CONTROL TRAFFIC FLOWS TRAFFIC PATTERNS TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRAILERS TRAIN DRIVERS TRANSIT TRANSIT TIMES TRANSPORT AGENCIES TRANSPORT AGREEMENTS TRANSPORT CAPACITY TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COST TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT DEMAND TRANSPORT FACILITATION TRANSPORT GEOGRAPHY TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKETS TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT OPERATIONS TRANSPORT OPERATORS TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT PRICE TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICE TRANSPORT TARIFFS TRANSPORT TIME TRIPS TRUCKING TRUCKS TYRES VEHICLE VEHICLE COST VEHICLE OPERATING VEHICLE OPERATING COSTS VEHICLE REGULATIONS VEHICLES WAREHOUSES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Zambia
2012-05-25T21:57:14Z | 2012-05-25T21:57:14Z | 2008-01

Based on a detailed empirical study, this paper argues that regional liberalization of trucking services has had an important effect on transport costs and tariffs for Zambia's economy. Zambia is a peculiar example in Southern Africa as it benefits from relatively low transport costs compared with other landlocked countries in Africa. This is mainly because of competition between Zambian and other regional, mainly South African, operators and because of South African investments in Zambia's trucking industry. As a result, the costs of operators registered in Zambia and South Africa are similar. The study also demonstrates that enhancing trucking interoperability in Southern Africa would significantly impact positively the Zambian trucking industry's competitiveness. The main measures to significantly increase trucking competitiveness in the region would more likely derive from reducing fuel costs in Zambia, improving border-post operations, and relaxing South African truck import rules.

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