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The Rainforests of Cameroon : Experience and Evidence from a Decade of Reform

ACCESS TO FOREST ACTION PLAN AGRICULTURE AGROFORESTRY AMAZON BASIN AREAS FOR WILDLIFE AREAS OF FOREST BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION BOTANICAL GARDENS BUFFER ZONES BUSH MEAT CARBON CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE COMMERCIAL FORESTS COMMERCIAL LOGGING COMMUNITY FOREST COMMUNITY FOREST MANAGEMENT COMMUNITY FORESTRY COMMUNITY FORESTS COMMUNITY HUNTING ZONES COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION CONCESSION CONCESSION HOLDERS CONSERVATION AREAS CONSERVATION EFFORTS CONSERVATION ESTATE CONSERVATION INITIATIVES CONSERVATION OBJECTIVES CONSERVATION OF NATURE CONSERVATION STRATEGY CONSERVE BIODIVERSITY DEBT DEFORESTATION DEFORESTATION RATES DEGRADATION DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION DRIVERS OF DEFORESTATION ECOLOGICAL STABILITY ECOLOGICAL ZONES ECONOMIC EFFECTS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT EMISSIONS EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION ENDANGERED SPECIES ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY EQUILIBRIUM EXPENDITURES EXPORT DUTIES EXPORT INDUSTRY EXTRACTIVE ACTIVITIES FARMS FAUNA FINANCIAL RESOURCES FLORA FOREST FOREST ACTIVITIES FOREST ADMINISTRATION FOREST AREA FOREST AREAS FOREST BIODIVERSITY FOREST CODE FOREST COMMUNITIES FOREST CONCESSION FOREST CONCESSIONAIRES FOREST CONCESSIONS FOREST CONSERVATION FOREST CONTROL FOREST COVER FOREST ECOSYSTEM FOREST ECOSYSTEMS FOREST ESTATE FOREST GOVERNANCE FOREST HARVEST FOREST HARVESTING FOREST INDUSTRY FOREST INSTITUTIONS FOREST INVENTORY FOREST LAND FOREST LANDS FOREST LANDSCAPE FOREST LAW FOREST LAW ENFORCEMENT FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOREST MANAGEMENT PLANS FOREST MANAGEMENT POLICY FOREST MANAGEMENT UNITS FOREST MONITORING FOREST OPERATIONS FOREST PLANTATIONS FOREST POLICIES FOREST POLICY FOREST PRODUCTION FOREST PRODUCTS FOREST REFORMS FOREST REGENERATION FOREST REGIME FOREST REGULATIONS FOREST RESERVES FOREST RESOURCE FOREST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOREST RESOURCES FOREST REVENUE FOREST REVENUES FOREST SECTOR FOREST SPECIALIST FOREST STEWARDSHIP FOREST SUSTAINABILITY FOREST TAXATION FOREST USE FOREST USERS FOREST WATCH FOREST ZONES FOREST ZONING FOREST ZONING PLAN FORESTRY FORESTRY DEVELOPMENT FORESTRY LAW FORESTRY POLICY GAME RESERVES GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS GLOBAL FOREST GREAT APE HUMAN ACTIVITY HUMID FORESTS HUNTING HUNTING AREAS HUNTING ZONES ILLEGAL EXPLOITATION ILLEGAL LOGGING INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES INDIGENOUS GROUPS ISSUES LAND MANAGEMENT LAND TENURE LOG EXPORTS LOGGING LOGGING CONCESSIONS LOGGING OPERATIONS LOGS MEDICINAL PLANTS NATIONAL FOREST DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL FOREST ESTATE NATIONAL FORESTRY NATIONAL FORESTS NATIONAL PARKS NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NORTHERN FORESTS OIL OPPORTUNITY COSTS PLANT POACHING POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POTENTIAL INVESTORS PRIMARY FORESTS PRIVATE FORESTS PUBLIC PARTICIPATION QUOTAS RAINFOREST RAINFORESTS RANCHES REFORESTATION ROADS RURAL COMMUNITIES SET ASIDE SPECIES STATE FORESTS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE FOREST SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM SUSTAINABLE USE TAX REVENUE TERMS OF TRADE TIMBER TIMBER COMPANIES TIMBER HARVEST TIMBER INDUSTRY TIMBER MARKET TIMBER PRICES TIMBER PRODUCTION TIMBER PRODUCTS TREE TREES TROPICAL FOREST TROPICAL FORESTS URBAN AREAS VALUE OF BIODIVERSITY VEGETATIVE COVER VILLAGE FOREST VILLAGES WILDLIFE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION WILDLIFE RESERVES WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES WOOD WOOD PRODUCTS ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS
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World Bank
Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Cameroon
2012-03-19T10:04:44Z | 2012-03-19T10:04:44Z | 2009

In 1994, the Government of Cameroon introduced an array of forest policy reforms, both regulatory and market-based, to support a more organized, transparent, and sustainable system for accessing and using forest resources. This report describes how these reforms played out in the rainforests of Cameroon. The intention is to provide a brief account of a complex process and identify what worked, what did not, and what can be improved. The barriers to placing Cameroon's forests at the service of its people, its economy, and the environment originated with the extractive policies of successive colonial administrations. The barriers were further consolidated after independence through a system of political patronage and influence in which forest resources became a coveted currency for political support. These deeply entangled commercial and political interests have only recently, and reluctantly, started to diverge. In 1994, the government introduced an array of forest policy reforms, both regulatory and market based. The reforms changed the rules determining who could gain access to forest resources, how access could be obtained, how those resources could be used, and who will benefit from their use. This report assesses the outcomes of reforms in forest-rich areas of Cameroon, where the influence of industrial and political elites has dominated since colonial times.

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