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Fertility Decline in Algeria 1980-2006 : A Case Study

ABORTION ABSTINENCE ACCESS TO ABORTION ACCESS TO CONTRACEPTION ACCESS TO FAMILY PLANNING ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS TO MODERN CONTRACEPTION AGE AT MARRIAGE ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES BABIES BIRTH RATES CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD DEVELOPMENT CHILD HEALTH CHILD MORTALITY CHILDBEARING CHILDBIRTH CHILDREN PER COUPLE CIVIL WAR CONTRACEPTION CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES CONTRACEPTIVE USE CONTRACEPTIVES CROWDED HOUSING CULTURAL CHANGE CURRENT TOTAL FERTILITY DEMAND FOR FAMILY PLANNING DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION EARLY MARRIAGE ECONOMIC CHANGES ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY EDUCATED MEN EDUCATION OF WOMEN FAMILY PLANNING ASSOCIATION FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM FAMILY PLANNING SERVICE FAMILY SIZE FEMALE EDUCATION FEMALE LITERACY FEMALE STERILIZATION FERTILITY FERTILITY DECLINE FERTILITY LEVELS FERTILITY PATTERNS FERTILITY PREFERENCES FERTILITY RATE FERTILITY SURVEY FERTILITY TRANSITION FEWER CHILDREN FIRST BIRTH FIRST CHILD FIRST MARRIAGE GENDER EQUALITY GENDER INEQUALITY GOVERNMENT POLICIES GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GROSS NATIONAL INCOME HEALTH COALITION HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INITIATIVES HEALTH PROMOTION HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SYSTEMS HIGHLY EDUCATED WOMEN HOUSEHOLD SIZE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RIGHTS IDEAL FAMILY SIZE IDEAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN ILLITERACY IMPACT ON FERTILITY INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIALIZATION INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INTERNATIONAL POPULATION INTERNATIONAL POPULATION CONFERENCE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN IUD JOB CREATION LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LARGE NUMBER OF WOMEN LEVEL OF EDUCATION LIFETIME FERTILITY LIVE BIRTHS LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS LONGER BIRTH INTERVALS LOW LABOR PRODUCTIVITY MANAGEMENT OF POPULATION MARITAL FERTILITY MARRIED WOMEN MATERNAL DEATHS MEASLES MEASLES IMMUNIZATION MENTAL HEALTH METHOD OF CONTRACEPTION MIDWIVES MIGRATION MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINORITY MODERN CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS MODERN CONTRACEPTIVES MOTHER NATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING NATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING POLICIES NATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS NATIONAL FERTILITY NATIONAL PRIORITY NATURAL GAS NEED FOR FAMILY PLANNING NO MORE CHILDREN NUMBER OF ADULTS NUMBER OF PEOPLE NUTRITION OFFICIAL POLICY OFFICIAL POPULATION OLDER WOMEN OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES PETROLEUM EXPORTING COUNTRIES POLICY BRIEF POLICY MAKERS POPULATION ACTION POPULATION ACTION INTERNATIONAL POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT POPULATION ASSOCIATION POPULATION CONTROL POPULATION COUNCIL POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION POLICY POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU POPULATION SIZE PREGNANCY PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PROGRESS PUBLIC HEALTH PURCHASING POWER PURCHASING POWER PARITY RAPE RAPID POPULATION GROWTH RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH REFORM EFFORT RELIGIOUS LEADERS REPLACEMENT LEVEL REPRODUCTIVE AGE REPRODUCTIVE BEHAVIOR REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS RURAL RESIDENCE RURAL WOMEN SAFE ABORTION SAFE ABORTION SERVICES SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SEXUAL ASSAULT SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL REASONS SOCIAL STATUS SPOUSE STATE UNIVERSITY STERILIZATION TABOO TRADITIONAL FAMILY UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNFPA UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND UNMARRIED WOMEN UNSAFE ABORTIONS UNWANTED PREGNANCIES UNWANTED PREGNANCY URBAN AREAS URBAN DWELLERS URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE URBAN WOMEN URBANIZATION USE OF CONTRACEPTION VICTIMS WOMAN WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADULTS YOUNG COUPLES YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG WOMEN
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Algeria
2017-06-30T15:41:01Z | 2017-06-30T15:41:01Z | 2010-05

Like other countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, Algeria has undergone a demographic transition. But Algeria's fertility decline defies conventional explanation. Despite inauspicious starting conditions-a high total fertility rate, reluctant policy environment, and delayed implementation of a national family planning program-Algeria has surpassed some of its neighbors in fertility reduction. Before its fertility transition, Algeria had one of the highest crude birth rates in the world, nearly 50 per 1,000. The fertility transition began in 1965-70, before any significant government support for or investment in population control or family planning and before significant external donor funding became available. Since then, profound changes in the traditional family model have led to a 64 percent decline in the total fertility rate in recent decades, from 6.76 in 1980 to 2.41 in 2006. Overall, Algeria's fertility decline is best understood in terms of changes in behavior, especially the delay in age at first marriage, the increase in contraceptive use, and-to a certain degree-the negative effects of the economic crisis manifested in the housing shortage and unemployment of young adults.

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