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Botswana's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESSIBILITY AIR AIR PASSENGER AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRPORTS ALLOCATING WATER RIGHTS APPROACH AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BASINS BORDER TRAFFIC BOREHOLES BOTTLENECKS BRIDGE BROADBAND MARKET BULK WATER BULK WATER SUPPLY CABLE CABLE SYSTEM CANAL MAINTENANCE CANALS CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CAPITAL MARKETS CAR CARRIERS CASH FLOWS CEMENT CENTRAL GOVERNMENT COAL COAL MINE COAL PLANT COST RECOVERY COVERING CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DEEP WELLS DEMAND FOR POWER DISCOUNT RATE DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DOMESTIC COAL DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION DRAINAGE DRINKING WATER ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SERVICES ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELECTRIC UTILITY ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION CAPACITY ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY TARIFF ELECTRIFICATION ENERGY DEMAND ENGINEERING EVAPORATION FINANCIAL VIABILITY FLUSH TOILETS FREIGHT FREIGHT TRAFFIC GENERATING CAPACITY GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH RATES HIGHWAY HIGHWAY NETWORK HOUSEHOLDS INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE PROVISION INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INLAND TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL AVIATION INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT COST INVESTMENT COSTS INVESTMENT TARGETS INVESTMENTS IN POWER IRRIGATION KILOWATT-HOUR LENGTH OF ROAD LOCAL CALL LOCAL COUNCILS LOCOMOTIVE MAINTENANCE COSTS MARKET ACCESS MARKET CONCENTRATION MINERAL RESOURCES MINERALS NATURAL MONOPOLY NATURAL RESOURCES NONREVENUE WATER O&M OPEN ACCESS OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OPERATORS PASSENGER NUMBERS PASSENGER SERVICES PASSENGER TRAFFIC PASSENGERS PEAK LOAD PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS PETROLEUM PIPED WATER POPULATION CENTERS POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER CORPORATION POWER DISTRIBUTION POWER DISTRIBUTION SECTOR POWER GENERATING CAPACITY POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER PLANT POWER PURCHASE POWER REQUIREMENTS POWER SECTOR PRESSURE PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATISATION PROVISION OF WATER PROVISION OF WATER SUPPLY PUBLIC FUNDING PUBLIC FUNDS PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC SECTOR RAIL RAIL OPERATOR RAILROAD RAILWAY RAILWAY NETWORK RAILWAYS RAINFALL RAW MATERIALS RETAIL COMPETITION REVENUE COLLECTION RIPARIAN RIGHTS ROAD ROAD EXPANSION ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROADS RUNOFF RURAL WATER SAFETY SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SANITATION INVESTMENTS SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION UTILITIES SERVICE OPERATOR SERVICE PROVIDERS SEWERAGE SERVICES SODA ASH SURFACE WATER TARIFF ADJUSTMENTS TARIFF LEVELS TARIFF POLICY TARIFF REVISIONS TARIFF SETTING TRAFFIC LEVELS TRANSIT TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURES TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICES TRANSPORTS URBAN ROAD URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY VEHICLES WASTEWATER WASTEWATER SECTOR WATER CONSUMPTION WATER DEMAND WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCES WATER SECTOR WATER SECTOR REFORM WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER SOURCES WATER STANDPOSTS WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER SYSTEMS WATER TABLE WATER TARIFFS WATER USE WATER UTILITIES WELLS
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Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Southern Africa | Botswana
2012-03-19T18:06:18Z | 2012-03-19T18:06:18Z | 2011-11-01

Infrastructure made a net contribution of just over two percentage points to Botswana's improved per capita growth performance in recent years. Raising the country s infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries could boost annual growth by about 1.2 percentage points. Botswana has made significant infrastructure progress in recent years, spanning the transport, water and sanitation, power, and mobile telephony sectors. But the country still faces a number of important infrastructure challenges. The most pressing is in the power sector, where the country is economically and financially exposed to a lack of generation capacity and insufficient power supply, leaving the economy vulnerable to power price shocks and load shedding. Botswana's international transport connections and Internet connectivity also lag behind those of comparable countries. Botswana's overall resource envelope of $800 million per year surpasses its $785 million needs estimate. Nevertheless, it loses $68 million a year to inefficiencies and faces a funding gap of $305 million per year, entirely in the power sector, traceable to the quality of spending decisions. Botswana will be in a good position to meet its infrastructure goals if it can reduce inefficiencies, increase public-sector receipts, and attract more public funding.

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