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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

West Bank and Gaza Energy Sector Review

ACCOUNTING ADDITIONAL SAVINGS AMOUNT OF POWER ANNUAL PAYMENT ANNUAL SAVING APPLIANCE OWNERSHIP APPROACH AVAILABILITY AWARENESS CAMPAIGNS BALANCE SHEET BANK ACCOUNTS BORROWING BULK ELECTRICITY BULK POWER BULK POWER SUPPLY BULK SUPPLY CAPACITY OF ELECTRICITY CASH COLLECTION COAL COAL PLANT COMMERCIAL BANKS COMMERCIAL ENERGY COMMERCIAL STANDARDS CONSTANT PRICES CONSUMER CONSUMERS CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM CONTRIBUTION COST OF ELECTRICITY COST RECOVERY CURRENCY CURRENT PRICES CUSTOMER BASE DEBT DEBTS DELINQUENT CUSTOMERS DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DEPRECIATION DEVELOPMENT BANK DIESEL DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES DISTRIBUTION COMPANY DISTRIBUTION GRID DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS DISTRIBUTION UTILITIES DIVERSIFICATION DOMESTIC ENERGY EARNINGS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS ELECTRIC COMPANY ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICAL OUTPUT ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY ASSETS ELECTRICITY BILLS ELECTRICITY COMPANY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY LAW ELECTRICITY MARKET ELECTRICITY MARKETS ELECTRICITY NETWORKS ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ELECTRICITY SALES ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SERVICES ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY SYSTEM ELECTRICITY USERS ENERGY BALANCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY CONVERSION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY INTENSIVE ENERGY LOSSES ENERGY MARKET ENERGY MARKETS ENERGY MIX ENERGY POLICY ENERGY PRICES ENERGY PROVIDERS ENERGY REQUIREMENTS ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY STATISTICS ENERGY SUPPLY ENERGY SYSTEMS FINANCES FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES FINANCIAL IMPACT FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION FINANCIAL LOSSES FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL SUPPORT FORMS OF ENERGY FUEL FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL COST FUEL FOR POWER GENERATION FUEL MARKETS FUEL PRICES FUEL PRODUCTS FUEL SUPPLY FUELS GAS GAS DEVELOPMENT GAS FIELDS GAS LINES GAS PRICES GAS PRODUCTION GAS RESOURCES GAS SECTOR GAS SUPPLIES GAS TURBINE GASOLINE GASOLINE IMPORTS GENERATION CAPACITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HIGH VOLTAGE HOUSEHOLD INCOMES HOUSING ASSOCIATION ILLEGAL CONNECTIONS IMPORTS OF PETROLEUM INCENTIVES FOR CONSUMERS INCOME INSURANCE INTEREST CHARGES KEROSENE KEROSENE CONSUMPTION LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS LIVING STANDARDS LNG LOCAL BUSINESSES LOW COST MARKETING METER READING MIDDLE EAST NATURAL GAS NATURAL GAS DEMAND NATURAL GAS MARKET NATURAL GAS RESOURCES NATURAL GAS SUPPLY NATURAL GAS TRANSMISSION NATURAL RESOURCES NORTH AFRICA OIL OIL PRODUCTS OIL REFINERIES OILS PEAK DEMAND PEAK LOADS PETROLEUM PETROLEUM GAS PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PIPELINE POWER POWER CAPACITY POWER COMPANIES POWER COMPANY POWER CONSUMPTION POWER DEMAND POWER DISTRIBUTION POWER GENERATING CAPACITY POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER GRIDS POWER PLANT POWER PRICES POWER PRODUCER POWER PRODUCERS POWER PURCHASE POWER REQUIREMENT POWER SECTOR POWER SYSTEM POWER USERS POWER UTILITIES PRICE INDEX PRICE OF ELECTRICITY PRICE OF OIL PRIMARY ENERGY PRIMARY ENERGY RESOURCES PRODUCTION OF POWER PUBLIC UTILITIES PURCHASES RATE OF RETURN REAL COST RELATED COSTS RESPONSIBILITIES RETAIL ELECTRICITY RETAIL PRICE RETAIL PRICES SALARIES SAVINGS SENIOR SOLAR ENERGY SOLE PROVIDER SOURCE OF ENERGY SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAX REVENUE TAX REVENUES THERMAL UNIT TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION COMPANY TRANSMISSION CONSTRAINTS TRANSMISSION LINE TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSMISSION LOSSES TRANSMISSION NETWORKS TRANSMISSION SYSTEM TYPES OF FUEL UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYMENT UTILITY BILLS VALUABLE VEHICLES VOLTAGE WAGES WATER HEATING WITHDRAWAL WORKING CAPITAL
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | West Bank and Gaza
2014-08-01T19:57:59Z | 2014-08-01T19:57:59Z | 2007-05

This report examines the energy sector in the West Bank and Gaza. It finds that from the perspective of its energy sector, West Bank and Gaza is in an unusual position in at least three respects: 1) Because of political and logistical factors, nearly all of these supplies at present come from Israel; 2) A second unusual challenge faced by West Bank and Gaza is its fragmentation into two distinct geographical zones with divergent economic characteristics and 3) A third unusual challenge is the constraints imposed by Israeli policies and actions on the ability of the Palestinian Authority (PA) to operate and develop its energy systems. This Review addresses the question of how the energy sector can make an effective contribution to the economic recovery and long-term growth of West Bank and Gaza in this situation. It does so by examining the broad regional and strategic dimensions relating to the sector that form the basis of a sustainable investment and institutional development program. This Review is structured in three parts. The first part is this Executive Summary that presents the recommendations of the Review, which are grouped at the end of this summary. They are based on analysis developed in the main chapters of the Review that comprise the second part. These chapters deal with specific aspects of the energy sector, namely the current pattern of energy supply and consumption, the technical and financial performance of the power utilities, the impact of the energy sector on the PA's recurrent budget, the natural gas market, and the investment requirements in the electricity system and associated fuel supply facilities for West Bank and Gaza. These chapters in turn are supported in the third part of the Review by technical annexes that examine in some detail specific aspects such as oil products supply and demand, the demand for electricity, and power network investment needs in West Bank and Gaza, the performance of the Gaza Power Plant (GPP), and developments in the Israeli natural gas and electricity markets that have a bearing on the energy sector in West Bank and Gaza.

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