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Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper

Energy Access and Productive Uses for the Urban Poor : Final Report on Ghana Scoping Study

ACCESS ROADS ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO ENERGY ACCESS TO MODERN ENERGY AIR POLLUTION ALTERNATIVE ENERGY ALTERNATIVE FUELS APPROACH AVAILABILITY AVAILABILITY OF SAVINGS BIOMASS BUILDING PERMIT BUILDING PERMITS CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITAL CITY CENTRAL CITY CHARCOAL CITIES CITIES ALLIANCE CITY AUTHORITIES CITY PLANNING CLIMATIC CONDITIONS COAL COLD WATER COMMUNITIES COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY GROUPS COMMUNITY LEADER COMMUNITY LEADERS COMMUNITY LEVEL COMMUNITY REPRESENTATIVES CONSTRUCTION OF HOUSES CONVERSION EQUIPMENT COOKING COOKING FUELS COOLING COST OF ELECTRICITY CREDIT GROUPS CRIME DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DEMAND FOR ENERGY DEMOLITION DIESEL DISPLACED PERSONS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES DRY CELL BATTERIES DRY CELLS DWELLING DWELLING UNITS DWELLINGS EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS ELECTRIC HEATERS ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY CONNECTION ELECTRICITY SUPPLY EMPLOYMENT ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY EXPENDITURE ENERGY FORM ENERGY INPUT ENERGY NEEDS ENERGY POLICIES ENERGY PRODUCTS ENERGY PROJECTS ENERGY RESOURCES ENERGY SECTOR ENERGY SECTOR MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE ENERGY SERVICES ENERGY SOURCES ENERGY SUPPLY ENERGY USAGE EVICTION FEMALES FOOD PROCESSING FORCED EVICTIONS FORMAL EDUCATION FUEL FUELS GENDER GENERATION HABITAT HEAT HOSPITALS HOT WATER HOUSEHOLDS HOUSES HOUSING HUMAN ENVIRONMENT ILLEGAL ELECTRICITY CONNECTIONS INDOOR AIR POLLUTION INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL ENTERPRISES INHABITANTS INTERVENTION INTERVENTIONS KEROSENE LAUNDRY LIGHTING LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL ECONOMY LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOCAL INSTITUTIONS LOCALITIES MARGINAL LAND MARGINAL LANDS METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY MIGRATION TO CITIES MOBILITY MODERN FUELS OCCUPANCY OCCUPATION OIL OVERCROWDING OWNERSHIP OF LAND PACE OF URBANIZATION PETROLEUM PETROLEUM GAS POLICE POOR COMMUNITIES POOR HOUSING POPULATION DISTRIBUTION POTABLE WATER POVERTY REDUCTION POWER PRICES OF ENERGY PUBLIC UTILITIES RAW MATERIAL RAW MATERIALS REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS RENEWABLE ENERGY RESIDENTIAL AREA RESIDENTIAL AREAS RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT SAFE WATER SANITARY FACILITIES SANITATION FACILITIES SECONDARY CITIES SERVICE COVERAGE SERVICE SECTOR SERVICE SECTORS SETTLEMENT SETTLEMENTS SHACKS SHELTER SHOPS SLUM SLUM AREAS SLUM COMMUNITIES SLUM COMMUNITY SLUM DWELLER SLUM DWELLERS SLUM SETTLEMENTS SLUM UPGRADING SLUM UPGRADING PROGRAMS SLUMS SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISES SOCIAL FACILITIES SOCIAL GROUPS SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY SQUATTER SQUATTER SETTLEMENT SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS SQUATTERS STAKEHOLDERS SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLY OF LAND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TEMPORARY STRUCTURES TENEMENTS THERMAL ENERGY THREAT OF EVICTION TOWNS TRANSMISSION LINES UNSANITARY CONDITIONS URBAN AGRICULTURE URBAN AREA URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTRES URBAN DEVELOPMENT URBAN DEVELOPMENT AGENDA URBAN ECONOMY URBAN EMPLOYMENT URBAN ENVIRONMENT URBAN GROWTH URBAN HOUSEHOLDS URBAN INFORMAL SECTOR URBAN MIGRATION URBAN POOR URBAN POPULATION URBAN POVERTY URBAN RESIDENTS URBAN SLUM URBAN SLUMS URBANIZATION URBANIZATION LEVELS URBANIZATION OF POVERTY UTILITY COMPANIES UTILITY COMPANY UTILITY PROVIDERS UTILITY SERVICES VEHICLES WATER HEATING YOUTH ZONING
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ghana
2014-03-31T14:13:20Z | 2014-03-31T14:13:20Z | 2011-11

The aim of the scoping study was to gain an understanding of the productive activities slum dwellers engage in that rely on energy services and the potentials and challenges of slums in Ghana regarding access to modern energy services and income generation from productive activities. The objective of the ESMED-EAfUP (Energy Sector Management Assistance Program - ESMAP/SME Development - Energy Access for the Urban Poor) programme is 'to create and sustain a network of energy practitioners to support development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) as users and providers of modern energy services for slum upgrading programs.'. Using ability to adopt safer and modern energy forms as a criterion in assessing the effective deployment of safer and modern energy forms, the study concluded that the high propensity to save is an opportunity for their deployment if they can be sensitized about the benefits of using modern energy forms, which many of the slum dwellers are not aware of. Most enterprise owners could also capitalize on the credit policies of the financial institutions they saved with to adopt the modern energy forms. Lack of education and limited awareness about the benefits of using clean, efficient and improved energy forms were some of the reasons for the use of inefficient and illegal energy forms among the slum dwellers. The study recommends awareness creation among the slum dwellers about the benefits of using legal, clean and efficient energy forms in productive enterprises, which the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) can take up. A major benefit of this study which is worth mentioning is the learning and sharing that took place among the research team because apart from the findings of this study that unraveled some relevant information that many stakeholders working in the cities of Ghana did not know about slums, there was also a lot of sharing of experiences that took place.

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