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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study

Urban Sanitation Experiences of Senegal and Burkina Faso : Broadening Urban Sanitation Activities

ACCESS TO SAFE WATER ACCESS TO SANITATION ACCESS TO WATER BASIC SANITATION CITY WATER CONNECTION RATE CONSTRUCTION CONVENTIONAL SEWERAGE DEMAND FOR SANITATION DISPOSAL OF WASTEWATER DRAINS DRINKING WATER DRINKING WATER SUPPLY EFFLUENTS ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EXCRETA EXCRETA DISPOSAL FLOOD CONTROL FLUSH LATRINE FLUSH LATRINES FLUSH TOILETS GREY WATER GREYWATER HEALTH AND HYGIENE HIGH WATER CONSUMPTION HOUSE CONNECTION HOUSEHOLD CONNECTION HOUSEHOLD CONNECTIONS HOUSEHOLD LATRINES HOUSEHOLD SANITATION HOUSEHOLD WATER CONSUMPTION HYGIENE HYGIENE EDUCATION INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER INFILTRATION INTERNATIONAL DRINKING WATER SUPPLY IRON LACK OF SANITATION LATRINE LATRINE BLOCKS LATRINES LOW WATER MATURATION PONDS MONTHLY PAYMENTS MOSQUITOES NATIONAL WATER NATIONAL WATER SUPPLY ODORS PIT LATRINE PIT LATRINES PITS POPULATION DENSITY PUBLIC SANITATION PUBLIC UTILITIES PUBLIC UTILITY PUBLIC WORKS PUMPING STATIONS RESIDENTIAL AREAS RESIDENTIAL HOUSING RUNNING WATER SAFE DISPOSAL SANITARY CONDITIONS SANITARY FACILITIES SANITATION ACTIVITIES SANITATION DECADE SANITATION ENGINEERS SANITATION EQUIPMENT SANITATION FACILITIES SANITATION INFRASTRUCTURE SANITATION MARKET SANITATION OPTIONS SANITATION PRACTICES SANITATION PROGRAM SANITATION PROGRAMS SANITATION PROJECTS SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION SERVICES SANITATION SOLUTIONS SANITATION SYSTEMS SANITATION TECHNOLOGIES SANITATION UTILITIES SANITATION UTILITY SCHOOL SANITATION SEPTIC TANK SEPTIC TANK SANITATION SEPTIC TANKS SERVICE CONNECTION SEWER CONNECTION SEWERAGE SEWERAGE NETWORK SEWERAGE NETWORKS SEWERAGE SERVICES SEWERAGE SYSTEMS SEWERS SITE SANITATION SOCIAL MARKETING SOILS SOLID WASTES STANDPIPES TERTIARY TREATMENT TOILETS TRADITIONAL PIT LATRINES TREATMENT FACILITIES TREATMENT PLANT URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN DRAINAGE URBAN ENVIRONMENT URBAN HOUSEHOLDS URBAN SANITATION URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY URBANIZATION USERS UTILITIES WASHING WASTEWATER DISPOSAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER CONNECTION WATER DISTRIBUTION WATER RESERVOIRS WATER RESOURCES WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE CONNECTIONS WATER SOURCE WATER SUPPLIES WATER SUPPLY WATER USERS WATER VENDORS WELLS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Burkina Faso | Senegal
2013-03-07T19:06:49Z | 2013-03-07T19:06:49Z | 2012-02

This study aims to offer evidence that urban sanitation in large West African cities faces specific issues linked to urban setting, housing development and urban environment, and to the development of water services. These issues are acutely perceived by urban households and largely shape their demand for sanitation, whereas the available supply offers unsatisfactory or unaffordable solutions. The two operations in review showed that public sanitation (or water and sanitation) utilities, when supported by a strong political will and with the assistance of a variety of actors, may, to a large extent, fill the gap between supply and demand, provided that they adopt adequate and efficient implementation arrangements in a participatory approach. As importantly, both operations showed that cost-effectiveness and equity considerations justify substantial subsidies for household facilities, which can be sustained by internal resources and external assistance. Structure of this report: section one review the trends of the urban sanitation market in West Africa and the rationale for public interventions in sanitation. Section two summarizes the main design features of the two operations. Section three assesses the operations' performances, in terms of outcome, efficiency and equity as well as their sustainability and replicability.

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