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Ghana's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESSIBILITY ADVANCED INFRASTRUCTURE AIR AIR SAFETY AIR TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT AIRPORTS APPROACH AVAILABILITY BALANCE BANDWIDTH BASINS BOREHOLES BOTTLENECKS BRIDGE BULK SUPPLY CABLE CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO HANDLING CHARGE CARRIERS CARS CASH FLOW CATCHMENT CLIMATE CHANGE COLLECTION SYSTEMS COMPETITIVE MARKETS CONCESSION CONCESSION AGREEMENTS CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS CONCESSION CONTRACT CONCESSIONS CONGESTION CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER HANDLING CHARGES CONTAINER TERMINAL CONTAINER TERMINAL CONCESSION COST OF GAS COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COSTS OF POWER COVERING CUBIC METER CUBIC METERS DAMS DEMAND FOR POWER DISTRIBUTION ASSETS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION DRINKING WATER ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC VIABILITY ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRIFICATION FINANCIAL BURDEN FLEETS FLOODS FLUSH TOILETS FREIGHT FUEL GAS GAS SUPPLY GAS TURBINE GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROUNDWATER GROWTH RATES HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS HYDROPOWER INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL GATEWAYS INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING LINES INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL INVESTMENT CLIMATE INVESTMENT TARGETS IRRIGATION KILOWATT-HOUR KILOWATT-HOURS LANDLORD MODEL LOCOMOTIVE LOW TARIFFS MARKET PRICES MINERAL RESOURCES NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE NATURAL RESOURCES O&M OIL OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCTION OPERATIONAL DEFICIENCIES OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE OPERATORS PIPED WATER PIPELINE POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR QUALITY OF WATER POPULATION CENTERS POPULATION DENSITY PORT OPERATIONS POWER POWER CONSUMPTION POWER COSTS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GRID POWER SECTOR POWER SHORTAGES POWER SYSTEM PRESENT VALUE PRICE DIFFERENTIAL PRICE OF OIL PRIVATE OPERATOR PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION PROVISION OF WATER PUBLIC FUNDING PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SERVICES QUALITY OF SERVICE RAIL RAIL COSTS RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL NETWORK RAIL OPERATOR RAIL SERVICE RAIL TRAFFIC RAILWAY RAILWAYS RAINFALL RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY REVENUE COLLECTION ROAD ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD NETWORKS ROAD QUALITY ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRAFFIC ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROLLING STOCK ROUTE ROUTES RUNOFF RURAL ROADS RURAL WATER SANITATION SANITATION FACILITY SANITATION SECTOR SANITATION UTILITIES SERVICE QUALITY SHIPPING LINES SLUMS SPEEDS STORAGE CAPACITY SURFACE TRANSPORT SURFACE WATER TAPS TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES TELEPHONE NETWORKS TELEPHONE SERVICE THERMAL PLANT THERMAL POWER TOLL TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC LEVELS TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSIT TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INDICATORS TRANSPORT INDUSTRY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORTATION TRUCK PROCESSING URBAN AREAS URBAN ROAD URBAN ROADS URBAN TRANSPORT URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY UTILITY BILLS UTILITY EFFICIENCY UTILITY SERVICES VEHICLES VOICE TELEPHONY WATER COLLECTION WATER COLLECTION SYSTEMS WATER COMPANY WATER CONNECTIONS WATER CONSUMPTION WATER INVESTMENTS WATER POLICY WATER QUALITY WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER STANDPOSTS WATER STORAGE WATER SUPPLY WATER TARIFFS WATER UTILITIES WATERS WEALTH
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Washington, DC
Africa | Ghana
2017-08-14T19:31:56Z | 2017-08-14T19:31:56Z | 2010-03

Infrastructure contributed just over one percentage point to Ghana's improved per capita growth performance during the 2000s, though unreliable power supplies held growth back by 0.5 percentage points. Raising the country's infrastructure endowment to that of the region's middle-income countries could boost annual growth by more than 2.7 percentage points. Today, Ghana has a very advanced infrastructure platform when compared with other low-income countries in Africa. But as the country approaches the middle-income threshold, it will need to focus on upgrading its infrastructure indicators in line with this benchmark. The Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD) has gathered and analyzed extensive data on infrastructure in more than 40 Sub-Saharan countries, including Ghana. The results have been presented in reports covering different areas of infrastructure, including ICT, irrigation, power, transport, water, and sanitation, and different policy areas, including investment needs, fiscal costs, and sector performance. This report presents the key AICD findings for Ghana and allows the country's infrastructure situation to be benchmarked against its African peers. Given that Ghana is a relatively well-off low-income country well on its way to reaching middle-income status, two sets of African benchmarks will be used to evaluate Ghana's situation. Detailed comparisons will also be made with immediate regional neighbors in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). As on the rest of the continent, West Africa's growth performance improved markedly in the 2000s. The overall improvement in per capita growth rates has been estimated at around 2 percent, of which 1.1 percent is attributable to better structural policies and 0.9 percent to improved infrastructure. During the five years from 2003 to 2007, Ghana's economy grew at an average annual rate of 5.6 percent, which accelerated to 7.3 percent in 2009. Ghana's infrastructure improvements added just over one percentage point to the per capita growth rate for the period 2003 to 2007.

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