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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Who Is Deprived? Who Feels Deprived? Labor Deprivation, Youth and Gender in Morocco

BASIC EDUCATION BULLETIN CHILD CARE CIVIC PARTICIPATION DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISCRIMINATION ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INEQUALITY ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIC STATUS ELDERLY EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES EMPLOYMENT STATUS ETHNIC GROUP FEMALE FEMALE LABOR FEMALE LABOR FORCE FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION FEMALES FORMAL LABOR MARKET GENDER GENDER DIFFERENCES GENDER DIMENSION GENDER DIMENSIONS GENDER DIVIDE GENDER GAP GENDER IDENTITY GENDER NORMS GENDER SPECIFIC GENDER UNIT HOUSEHOLD ASSETS HOUSEHOLD CHORES HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD TASKS HOUSEHOLD WEALTH HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN CAPITAL IMPERFECT INFORMATION IMPORTANT POLICY INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS INCOME INEQUALITY INDIVIDUAL INCOMES INDIVIDUAL VALUES INFORMAL SECTOR INHABITANTS INTERNAL MIGRATION JOBS LABOR DEMAND LABOR DISPUTES LABOR ECONOMICS LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET SITUATION LABOR MARKETS LABOUR LABOUR SUPPLY LEVELS OF EDUCATION LIVING CONDITIONS LIVING STANDARDS LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT MARITAL STATUS MARRIED POPULATION MARRIED YOUTH MIGRATION MOBILITY NUMBER OF PEOPLE PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY MAKERS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION SUBGROUPS PREVIOUS SECTION PREVIOUS STUDIES PRIMARY EDUCATION PROBIT REGRESSION PROBIT REGRESSIONS PROGRESS PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT QUANTITATIVE MEASURES RURAL AREAS RURAL POPULATION RURAL POVERTY RURAL RESIDENTS RURAL WOMEN SECONDARY EDUCATION SELF-ASSESSMENT SELF-ESTEEM SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EXCLUSION SOCIAL JUSTICE SOCIAL STATUS SOCIETAL LEVEL TERTIARY EDUCATION UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS UNEMPLOYMENT RATE URBAN AREAS URBAN POPULATION URBAN POPULATIONS URBAN WOMEN VIOLENCE WAGE DIFFERENTIALS WAGES WOMAN YOUNG MEN YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG WOMEN
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Morocco
2012-06-29T19:18:20Z | 2012-06-29T19:18:20Z | 2012-06

One of the recurrent explanations of the Arab spring is that governments were disconnected from their populations and that public policies were simply not in line with people's sentiments and expectations. This paper provides a methodology to better understand how objective conditions of deprivation are translated into subjective feelings of deprivation using a strand of the recent literature on relative deprivation. The authors apply this methodology to better understand the question of gender and youth deprivation in the context of the Moroccan labor market. They find that the reference group (the people with whom people compare themselves) plays a pivotal role in understanding how feelings of labor deprivation are generated. This can explain the apparent mismatch between objective conditions and subjective feelings of deprivation related to joblessness among young men and women. The methodology can help us understand why greater discontent may be exhibited by a group of individuals who are in fact less deprived in a material sense. It can also potentially help governments design public policies that address objective conditions of deprivation, such as unemployment, with a better understanding of subjective implications.

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