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A Multiple Correspondence Analysis Approach to the Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty in Morocco, 2001–2007

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ABSOLUTE VALUE ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES BASIC HEALTH BASIC HEALTH SERVICES CONSUMPTION DATA COVARIANCE MATRIX DECLINE IN POVERTY DEPENDENT VARIABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIMENSIONAL POVERTY DRINKING WATER DURABLE DURABLE GOODS DURABLES ECONOMIC POLICY ECONOMIC REFORMS ECONOMIC STUDIES ECONOMICS EDUCATED PEOPLE EMPLOYMENT STATUS EQUIPMENT FINANCES FOOD EXPENDITURE FOOD POVERTY FOOD POVERTY LINE FOREIGN INVESTMENTS FORM OF POVERTY FORMS OF POVERTY FUNCTIONAL FORM HEALTH INSURANCE HIGH POVERTY HIGHER INEQUALITY HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX ILLITERACY INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INCOME POVERTY INCOME QUINTILE INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERPOLATION LABOR MARKET LIVING STANDARDS MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK MALNUTRITION MARKET CONDITIONS MEASURING POVERTY MICRO-DATA MOBILE PHONES NON-INCOME DIMENSIONS NON-POOR HOUSEHOLDS NUTRITION NEEDS NUTRITIONAL STATUS POLICY RESEARCH POOR POOR AREAS POOR HOUSEHOLD POOR HOUSEHOLDS POTABLE WATER POTABLE WATER SUPPLY POVERTY ANALYSIS POVERTY COMPARISONS POVERTY DYNAMICS POVERTY GROUPS POVERTY INCREASES POVERTY INDEX POVERTY INDEXES POVERTY INDICATOR POVERTY INDICATORS POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY LINE POVERTY LINES POVERTY MAPS POVERTY MEASUREMENT POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY PROFILE POVERTY QUINTILES POVERTY RATES PRO-POOR PRO-POOR GROWTH PUBLIC INVESTMENTS REGIONAL LEVELS RETURNS RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL DIVIDE RURAL HOUSEHOLD RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL POOR RURAL POVERTY SANITATION TARGETING UNEMPLOYMENT URBAN AREAS URBAN POOR WELFARE INDICATOR WELFARE INDICATORS WELFARE LEVEL WELFARE MEASURE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Morocco
2012-06-29T20:18:00Z | 2012-06-29T20:18:00Z | 2012-06

The measurement of multidimensional poverty has been advocated by most welfare scholars and is experiencing a growth in interest, partly explained by controversial debates that have emerged across academics and practitioners. This paper follows one of the least explored approaches -- Multiple Correspondence Analysis -- to assess multidimensional poverty in Morocco between 2001 and 2007. Multiple Correspondence Analysis provides two major advantages for the measurement of multidimensional poverty: it generates a matrix of "weights" based on the variance-covariance matrix of all welfare dimensions selected and provides a natural approach for constructing a composite welfare indicator that satisfies essential poverty ordering axioms. The application shows that poverty in Morocco has declined according to both monetary and multidimensional indicators and that these findings are robust to stochastic dominance tests. The paper concludes that the sustained positive growth that Morocco experienced during the last decade has translated in improvements in living conditions well beyond monetary returns.

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