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Sexual Behavior Change Intentions and Actions in the Context of a Randomized Trial of a Conditional Cash Transfer for HIV Prevention in Tanzania

ADOLESCENT ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADOLESCENT SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR ADOLESCENT SEXUALITY ADOLESCENTS AGED AIDS CARE AIDS EDUCATION AIDS EPIDEMIC ALCOHOL ALCOHOL USE BEHAVIOR CHANGE BEHAVIORAL CHANGE BEHAVIOUR CHANGE BIOLOGICAL MARKERS BULLETIN CHLAMYDIA CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES COERCION COGNITIVE MODELS CONDOM CONDOM USE CONDOMS DEPENDENCE ON MEN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISSEMINATION EPIDEMIC FAMILY PLANNING FEMALE FEMALES FERTILITY FERTILITY DECLINE GENDER GENDER DIFFERENCES GENDER INEQUITIES GENDER RELATIONS GLOBAL HEALTH GONORRHEA HEALTH BEHAVIOR HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HIV HIV INFECTION HIV INFECTIONS HIV POSITIVE HIV PREVENTION HIV TESTING HIV TRANSMISSION HIV/AIDS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS HUSBANDS ILLEGAL ABORTIONS IMMUNODEFICIENCY INFECTION PREVENTION INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFORMED CONSENT INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION INTERVENTION MALES MARITAL STATUS MARRIED COUNTERPARTS MARRIED WOMEN MEDICAL RESEARCH MEDICINE METAANALYSIS MINISTRY OF HEALTH NUTRITION PATIENT PERCEPTIONS OF RISK POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT POPULATION CENTER POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION PROSTITUTION PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC SERVICES REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH COMMUNITIES RESPECT RESPONSE TO AIDS RISK BEHAVIOR RISK FOR INFECTION RISK OF AIDS RISK OF INFECTION RISK-REDUCTION RISK-REDUCTION STRATEGIES RISK-TAKERS RISKY BEHAVIOR RISKY BEHAVIORS RISKY SEX RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIORS SAFER SEX SECONDARY SCHOOL SEX SEX FOR MONEY SEX PARTNERS SEX PRACTICES SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SEXUAL BEHAVIORS SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR DATA SEXUAL CONTACT SEXUAL DECISIONS SEXUAL PARTNERS SEXUAL PARTNERSHIPS SEXUAL PRACTICES SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS SEXUAL RISK SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIORS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS SOCIAL POLICY SOCIAL SCIENCE SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS SPOUSES STIS STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTION SYNDROMIC MANAGEMENT SYPHILIS UNEQUAL POWER UNMARRIED WOMEN UNSAFE SEX UNSAFE SEXUAL BEHAVIORS VICTIMS WOMAN YOUTH YOUTHS
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Africa | Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | East Africa | Tanzania
2012-03-19T17:29:43Z | 2012-03-19T17:29:43Z | 2012-03-01

Information, education, communication and interventions based on behavioral-change communication have had success in increasing the awareness of HIV. But these strategies alone have been less successful in changing risky sexual behavior. This paper addresses this issue by exploring the link between action and the intention to change behaviors. In Africa, uncertainty in the lives of those at risk for HIV may affect how intentions are formed. Characterize this uncertainty by understanding the reasons for discrepancies between intentions and actions may help improve the design of HIV-prevention interventions. Based on an incentives-based HIV prevention trial in Tanzania, the longitudinal dataset in this paper allows the exploration of intended strategies for changing sexual behaviors and their results. The authors find that gender, intervention groups and new positive diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections can significantly predict the link between intent and action. The paper examines potential mediators of these relationships.

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