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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Schooling, Violent Conflict, and Gender in Burundi

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCESS TO MARKETS ADEQUATE NUTRITION ADULT MORTALITY AGE AT MARRIAGE AGRICULTURAL SHOCKS ARMED CONFLICT BATTLES BOMBING BOMBINGS CAPACITY BUILDING CHILD LABOR CHILD SOLDIERS CIVIL CONFLICT CIVIL WAR CIVIL WARS COMPLETION RATE CONFLICTS DEATHS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISEASES DISPLACEMENT CAMP DISPLACEMENT CAMPS DROUGHT EARLY CHILDHOOD EARLY ONSET ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SHOCKS EDUCATION DATA EDUCATION FOR ALL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL PLANNING ELECTIONS EXPERIENCED VIOLENCE EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE FAMINE FARMERS FEMALE ENROLLMENT FERTILITY FERTILITY DECLINE FIGHTING FIRST BIRTH FOOD CROPS FORMAL EDUCATION FUTURE GENERATIONS GENDER DIFFERENCES GENDER GAP GENDER GAP IN PRIMARY GENDER INEQUALITIES GENDER PARITY GENDER PARITY INDEX GENDER ROLES GENOCIDE GROSS ENROLLMENT GROSS ENROLLMENT RATE GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES HEALTH CARE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES HOUSEHOLD ASSETS HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN RIGHTS HUSBANDS IMF IMPACT OF CONFLICT IMPACT ON CHILDREN INCOME INEQUALITY INFORMAL INSURANCE INFORMAL INSURANCE MECHANISMS INSURANCE INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS JOURNALISTS LABOR MARKET LEVEL OF EDUCATION LIMITED RESOURCES LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP MALNUTRITION MARRIED COUPLE MASSACRES MIGRANTS MIGRATION MINORITY MOTHER NATIONAL PROGRESS NATIONS NEO NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUMBER OF GIRLS ORPHANS PEACE PEACE RESEARCH POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL POWER POLITICAL VIOLENCE POOR POOR HOUSEHOLDS POVERTY HEAD POVERTY LINE POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE PRIMARY SCHOOL COMPLETION PRIMARY SCHOOL COMPLETION RATE PRIMARY SCHOOL COMPLETION RATES PRIMARY SCHOOLING PROGRESS RAPE REBEL REBEL BASE REBELS RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION REFUGEES RESPECT REVOLUTION ROADS RURAL RURAL POOR RURAL POPULATION RURAL PROVINCES SAVINGS SCHOOL BUILDINGS SCHOOL CAREER SCHOOL DROPOUTS SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SCHOOL FACILITIES SCHOOL FEES SCHOOLING SCHOOLING FOR GIRLS SCHOOLING OF BOYS SCHOOLS SECONDARY EDUCATION SEX SEX OF THE CHILD SEXUAL VIOLENCE SOCIAL SCIENCES SPOUSES SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT TEACHERS TEMPORARY MIGRATION UNESCO UNFPA VICTIMS VILLAGE LEVEL VIOLENCE VIOLENT CONFLICT WAR WARFARE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION YOUNG ADULT YOUNG AGE YOUNG CHILDREN YOUNG GIRLS YOUNG WOMEN
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Burundi
2013-09-04T15:31:56Z | 2013-09-04T15:31:56Z | 2013-04

This paper investigates the effect of exposure to violent conflict on human capital accumulation in Burundi. It combines a nationwide household survey with secondary sources on the location and timing of the conflict. Only 20 percent of the birth cohorts studied (1971-1986) completed primary education. Depending on the specification, the probability of completing primary schooling for a boy exposed to violent conflict declines by 7 to 17 percentage points compared to a nonexposed boy, with a decline of 11 percentage points in the preferred specification. In addition, exposure to violent conflict reduces the gender gap in schooling, but only for girls from nonpoor households. Forced displacement is one of the channels through which conflict affects schooling. The results are robust to various specifications and estimation methods.

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