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The Patterns and Determinants of Household Welfare Growth in Jordan : 2002-2010

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCESS TO INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS TO SERVICES AGRICULTURE ANNUAL GROWTH ANNUAL GROWTH RATE AVERAGE RATE BASE YEAR BETWEEN-GROUP INEQUALITY CAPITAL ASSETS CASH TRANSFERS CHANGES IN POVERTY COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONSUMPTION DATA CONSUMPTION GROWTH CONSUMPTION LEVELS CONSUMPTION QUINTILES CONSUMPTION RATES CORRUPTION COUNTERFACTUAL CROWDING OUT DECLINE IN POVERTY DECOMPOSITION METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIMINISHING RETURNS DOWNWARD BIAS DROP IN POVERTY ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC FACTORS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INDICATORS ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC POLICY ECONOMIC SECTORS ECONOMIC SITUATION ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION EMPIRICAL FINDINGS EMPIRICAL MODEL EMPIRICAL RESULTS EMPLOYMENT CREATION EMPLOYMENT STATUS EQUAL DISTRIBUTION EQUITABLE INCOME DISTRIBUTION EXCLUSION EXPECTED VALUE EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURES EXPORTS FAMILIES FAMILY SERVICES FINANCIAL RESOURCES FISCAL POLICY FOOD ITEMS GDP GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS GINI COEFFICIENT GROWTH COMPONENT GROWTH EFFECT GROWTH MODEL GROWTH PROCESS GROWTH RATE HISTORICAL DATA HOUSEHOLD ACCESS HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD DEMOGRAPHICS HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LIVING STANDARDS HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD WELFARE HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME GROUPS INCOME SOURCES INCREASED INEQUALITY INEQUALITY INEQUALITY CHANGES INEQUALITY COEFFICIENT INEQUALITY COMPONENT INEQUALITY EFFECT INEQUALITY INDICATORS INEQUALITY LEVELS INEQUALITY MEASURES INEQUALITY TRENDS INTERNATIONAL BANK KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY LABOR FORCE LACK OF ACCESS LORENZ CURVE MEAN CONSUMPTION MEAN GROWTH MIDDLE CLASS MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES NATIONAL POVERTY NEGATIVE CORRELATION NEGATIVE SLOPE PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION POLICY DECISIONS POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY REVIEW POOR POOR ECONOMIC GROWTH POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLD POSITIVE COEFFICIENT POSITIVE GROWTH POSITIVE IMPACT POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY CHANGES POVERTY GAP POVERTY HEADCOUNT POVERTY HEADCOUNT RATE POVERTY HEADCOUNT RATES POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY INDEX POVERTY INDICES POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY LINE POVERTY MEASURE POVERTY MEASUREMENT POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY OUTCOMES POVERTY PROFILE POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY SEVERITY PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC INVESTMENTS PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SPENDING PUBLIC TRANSFERS PURE GROWTH PURE GROWTH EFFECT REAL ESTATE REAL GDP REAL INCOME RECEIPT REDUCED POVERTY REDUCING INEQUALITY REDUCING POVERTY REDUCTION IN POVERTY REGIONAL BASIS REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS REGIONAL DIFFERENCES REGIONAL DIMENSION REGIONAL DISCREPANCIES REGIONAL DISPARITIES REGIONAL DISPARITY REGIONAL LEVEL REGIONAL LEVELS REGIONAL PATTERN REGIONAL POVERTY REGIONAL RESULTS REGIONAL TRADE REGIONAL TRENDS REGIONAL WELFARE REGRESSION ANALYSIS RESIDUAL COMPONENT RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL GROWTH RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL LEVEL RURAL POOR RURAL POVERTY RURAL REGIONS RURAL RESIDENTS SAVINGS SCALE EFFECT SCHOOLING SECTOR EMPLOYMENT SIDE EFFECTS SIGNIFICANCE LEVEL UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE URBAN AREAS URBAN REGIONS VALUE ADDED VULNERABLE GROUPS WAGES WELFARE DISTRIBUTION WELFARE INDICATORS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Jordan
2013-01-04T18:51:19Z | 2013-01-04T18:51:19Z | 2012-10

Jordan's economic growth in the past decade has translated into a significant rise in household consumption and a decline in poverty and inequality indicators. Yet, the sentiment of the overall population seems to point to worsening disparities. Using official household expenditure surveys for 2002, 2008, and 2010, this paper analyzes the patterns and determinants of household welfare growth and examines the extent to which economic growth has been inclusive of the more vulnerable groups. Using counterfactual decompositions, the paper dwells first on the dynamics observed behind the drop in poverty and inequality. It then carries out regression analysis using re-centered influence functions to examine the economic determinants of household welfare growth throughout the decade. The paper finds that welfare growth as opposed to welfare distribution was the main driver behind poverty reduction, and that the drop in inequality was primarily driven by a regional catching-up effect. In addition, the analysis identifies rent, access to human capital services, and more importantly employment in the services sector and the public sector as the major determinants of welfare growth in Jordan. Public hiring in particular was used extensively as a tool for poverty alleviation, especially for residents outside the capital.

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