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Working Paper

Empowering Adolescent Girls : Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial in Uganda

ABILITY OF YOUNG ADOLESCENT ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT ADOLESCENT GIRL ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADOLESCENT HEALTH ADOLESCENTS ADULTHOOD AGE AT MARRIAGE AGE AT MENARCHE AGE COHORT ANAL SEX BABIES BABY BIRTHS BOTH SEXES CHILD BEARING CHILD MARRIAGE CHILD-BEARING CHILDBEARING CHILDBIRTH CLASSROOM COGNITIVE SKILLS CONDOM CONDOM USE CONDOMS CONTRACEPTION CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS CONTRACEPTIVE USAGE CURRICULUM DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS DEPENDENCY RATIO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DOMESTIC VIOLENCE EARLY MARRIAGE EARLY PREGNANCY ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY EMPOWERMENT OF GIRLS ENROLLMENT ENROLLMENT RATES ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING EXPOSURE TO HEALTH RISKS FAMILY MEMBERS FAMILY PLANNING FERTILITY FERTILITY DROPS FERTILITY RATES FORMS OF CONTRACEPTION GENDER RELATIONS GENDER ROLES GIRLS GLOBAL POPULATION HEALTH PROBLEMS HEALTH RISKS HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS HETEROSEXUAL INTERCOURSE HIGHER LEVEL OF EDUCATION HIV HIV INFECTION HIV INFECTIONS HUMAN CAPITAL IMPACT ON FERTILITY IMPACT ON GIRLS INFECTIONS INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS INTERVENTIONS JOB OPPORTUNITIES LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LABOR SUPPLY LACK OF INFORMATION LEADERSHIP LEGAL RIGHTS LEVEL OF EDUCATION LIFE SKILLS LIFE-SKILLS LITERACY LITERACY COURSES LITERACY TRAINING LIVELIHOOD SKILLS MARRIED ADOLESCENT GIRLS MENSTRUAL DISORDERS MENSTRUATION NEWBORN NUMBER OF ADOLESCENTS NUMBER OF BIRTHS NUMBER OF CHILDREN OLD GIRLS OLDER GIRLS OLDER MEN PEER EDUCATION POLICY MAKERS PREGNANT WOMAN PRIMARY DATA PROVISION OF INFORMATION RAPE RAPID POPULATION GROWTH READING RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES RELATIONS WITH MEN RELATIONSHIPS WITH MEN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RETURNS TO EDUCATION RISKY BEHAVIOR RISKY SEX RURAL AREAS RURAL LOCATIONS SAFER SEX SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SCHOOL DROP SCHOOL DROP-OUTS SCHOOL ENROLLMENT SCHOOL ENROLMENT SCHOOL GOING SCHOOLING SCHOOLS SECONDARY SCHOOL SERVICE DELIVERY SEX SEX WORK SEX WORKERS SEXUAL ACTIVITY SEXUAL BEHAVIORS SEXUAL RELATIONS SEXUALLY ACTIVE SHORT-TERM RELATIONSHIPS SKILL TRAINING SKILLS TRAINING SOCIAL NORMS SOCIAL UNREST SPILLOVER TEACHING TEEN TEEN PREGNANCIES TEEN PREGNANCY TEENAGE GIRLS TEENAGE PREGNANCIES TEENAGE PREGNANCY TRAINING COURSES TRAINING PROGRAMS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNPROTECTED SEX URBAN AREAS VAGINAL SEX VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN VOCATIONAL SKILLS VOCATIONAL TRAINING YOUNG GIRLS YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG WOMEN YOUNGER GIRLS YOUTH YOUTH POPULATION YOUTH POPULATIONS AFRICA GENDER POLICY GENDER INNOVATION LAB WOMEN AND YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2016-12-01T15:37:00Z | 2016-12-01T15:37:00Z | 2012-12

Nearly 60 percent of Uganda's population is aged below twenty. This generation faces health and economic challenges associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), early pregnancy, and unemployment. Whether these challenges are due to a lack of information and or vocational skills is however uncertain. A programme was conducted to provide: (i) vocational training to run small-scale enterprises; and (ii) information on health and risky behaviors. The programme conducted, positively impacts behaviors on both economic and health margins. On economic margins, the intervention raises the likelihood that girls engage in income generating activities by 32 percent mainly driven by increased participation in self-employment. On health related margins, self-reported routine condom usage increases by 50 percent among the sexually active, and the probability of having a child decreases by 26 percent. Strikingly, the share of girls reporting sex against their will drops from 21 percent to almost zero. The findings suggest combined interventions might be more effective among adolescent girls than single-pronged interventions aiming to improve labor market outcomes solely through vocational training, or to change risky behaviors solely through education programmes.

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