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The Impact of Demand on Cargo Dwell Time in Ports in SSA

ACTUAL DEMAND ADVERSE EFFECTS ADVERSE IMPACT ADVERTISING ARBITRAGE BERTRAND COMPETITION BOXES CARGO CARGO DWELL TIME CARS COLLUSION COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE COMPETITIVE EQUILIBRIUM COMPETITIVE PRICE CONGESTION CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER TERMINALS CONTAINER YARD CONTAINER YARDS CONTAINERIZED CARGO CONTAINERS COST INCREASES COSTS OF DELAYS COURNOT COMPETITION CUSTOMS CUSTOMS BROKERS CUSTOMS PROCEDURES DELIVERIES DELIVERY TIMES DEMAND CURVE DEMAND FUNCTION DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISCOUNT RATE DRIVERS ECONOMIC ORDER ECONOMIC RESEARCH ECONOMIC THEORY EXPECTED VALUES EXPORTS FORECASTS FREIGHT FREIGHT COSTS FREIGHT FORWARDERS FREIGHT FORWARDING GAME THEORY HARMONIZED SYSTEM IMPORT QUOTAS INELASTIC DEMAND INLAND TRANSPORT INSPECTION INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS INTERNATIONAL PORTS INVENTORIES INVENTORY INVENTORY HOLDING COSTS INVENTORY MANAGEMENT KINKED DEMAND CURVE LAND TRANSPORT LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LEVEL OF SAFETY LOADING LOGISTICS CHAIN LOGISTICS COSTS MANUFACTURING MARGINAL COST MARGINAL COSTS MARGINAL REVENUE MARITIME TRANSPORT MARKET CONDITIONS MARKET DEMAND MARKET INCENTIVES MARKET POWER MARKET PRICE MARKET PRICES MARKET RISKS MARKET SEGMENTS MARKET STRUCTURE MONOPOLIES MONOPOLY NASH EQUILIBRIUM OBSOLESCENCE OLIGOPOLY ORDERING PACKAGING PORTS PRICE ADJUSTMENTS PRICE CEILINGS PRICE CHANGES PRICE INCREASES PRICE TAKERS PRICE VARIATIONS PRICE WAR PRICING STRATEGIES PRICING STRATEGY PRODUCTION INPUTS PRODUCTION PLANNING PROFIT MAXIMIZATION ROUTE SAFETY SAFETY STOCK SALE SHIPMENTS SHIPPERS SHIPPING SHIPPING COSTS STATISTICAL ANALYSIS STOCKS STORAGE FACILITIES SUBSTITUTES SUPPLIER SUPPLY CHAIN SUPPLY CHAINS TAXATION TOTAL SALES TRADE LOGISTICS TRANSIT TRANSIT TIMES TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT SYSTEM TRANSPORTATION TRANSSHIPMENT WAREHOUSE WAREHOUSES WAREHOUSING WHOLESALER
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2014-08-29T17:59:47Z | 2014-08-29T17:59:47Z | 2012-03

Long cargo dwell times in ports are a critical issue in Sub-Saharan African countries since they result in slow import processes and are bound to dramatically reduce trade. The main objective of this study is to analyze long dwell times' causes in ports in Sub-Saharan Africa from a shipper's perspective. The findings point to the crucial importance of private sector practices and incentives. The authors argue in the case of Sub-Saharan African countries that private operators, rather than being advocates of reforms in this area, might be responsible for the failures of many of these initiatives. It seems that in Sub-Saharan Africa importers' and freight forwarders' professionalism, cash constraints and operators' strategies are some of the factors that have a major impact on cargo dwell time. Low competency, cash constraints and low storage tariffs explain why most importers have little incentive to reduce cargo dwell time since in most cases, this would increase their input costs. However, monopolists/cartels may have a stronger incentive to reduce cargo dwell time but only in order to maximize their profit (and would not adjust prices downward).

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