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Economic & Sector Work :: Knowledge Economy Study

Dealing with GAC Issues in Project Lending : The Special Case of Fragile and Conflict-Affected States

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS ACCOUNTING ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY AID COORDINATION AID FLOWS ANTI-BRIBERY ANTI-CORRUPTION ANTICORRUPTION ANTICORRUPTION AGENCIES ANTICORRUPTION CONVENTIONS ANTICORRUPTION ISSUES ANTICORRUPTION STRATEGY ARMED CONFLICT AUDITING AUDITS AUTHORITY BALANCE OF POWER BANK ACCOUNTS BASIC SERVICES BEST PRACTICE BILATERAL AID BRIBERY BRIBERY CONVENTION BRIBES BUILDING STATE CAPACITY BUREAUCRACY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CITIZEN CITIZEN INPUT CITIZENS CIVIL SERVICE CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS CIVIL WAR CIVIL WARS COLLECTIVE ACTION COMBATANTS COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT COMPLAINTS CONFLICT CONFLICT OF INTEREST CONFLICTS CONSENSUS CONSTITUENCIES CONSUMER SATISFACTION CORRUPT CORRUPT PRACTICES CORRUPTION ISSUES COUNCILS COUNTERPARTS CRIME CRIMINAL CULTURAL IDENTITY DEMOCRACY DEMOCRATIZATION DEPENDENCE DETERRENCE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS DISPUTE RESOLUTION DRUG DRUG TRAFFICKING DRUGS ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ELECTIONS ELECTORAL COMPETITION EMERGENCY RELIEF EMPLOYMENT ETHNIC DIVERSITY ETHNIC GROUPS EX-COMBATANTS EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT EXTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY EXTERNAL INTERVENTION FINANCIAL ASSETS FINANCIAL INSTITUTION FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS FLAG FOREIGN AID FRAUD GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE CHALLENGES GOVERNANCE ISSUES GOVERNANCE REFORM GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GOVERNMENT AGENCY GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES GOVERNMENT SYSTEMS GRAND CORRUPTION GROWTH RATE HUMAN RESOURCES HUMANITARIAN AID IBRD IMPROVING GOVERNANCE INCOME INEQUALITY INITIATIVE INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONAL REFORM INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS INTEGRITY INTERDEPENDENCE INTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY INTERNAL CONTROLS INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT INVESTIGATIONS JUSTICE KICKBACKS LAWS LEGISLATURE LEGITIMACY LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOOTING MANAGEMENT REVIEWS MEETING MERITOCRACY MILITIA MODALITIES MODALITY MONEY LAUNDERING MONOPOLY MOTIVATIONS NATIONAL ECONOMY NATIONAL LEVEL NATURAL RESOURCES NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION OPERATIONAL RISK OPERATIONAL RISKS PARTICIPATORY PLANNING PEACE PEACEBUILDING PETTY CORRUPTION POLICE POLICY FORMULATION POLITICAL CONDITIONS POLITICAL CRISIS POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL LEADERS POLITICAL LEADERSHIP POLITICAL OPPONENTS POLITICAL PARTIES POLITICAL REFORMS POLITICAL RISKS POLITICAL STABILITY POLITICAL STRUCTURES POLITICIANS POOR GOVERNANCE POOR PERFORMANCE PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT PROCUREMENT PROJECT APPRAISAL PROJECT DESIGN PROJECT EVALUATION PROJECT FINANCING PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT PROSECUTION PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC FINANCES PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTABILITY PUBLIC SECTOR GOVERNANCE PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT PUBLIC SECTOR WAGE RATES PUBLIC SERVICES REBEL REBELS RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION REFUGEES RENT-SEEKING BEHAVIOR REPRESENTATIVES RESOURCE CURSE RISK MANAGEMENT ROAD RULE OF LAW SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOLDIER SOVEREIGNTY STATE ASSETS STATE INSTITUTIONS STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TERRORISM TRANSPARENCY VIOLENCE VIOLENT CONFLICT WATER SUPPLY WORLD DEVELOPMENT
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Washington, DC
Africa | Africa
2014-01-30T16:59:00Z | 2014-01-30T16:59:00Z | 2013

The principal objective of the Bank's governance work should be to help develop capable and accountable states to deliver services to the poor, promote private-sector-led growth, and tackle corruption effectively. The agenda for action has been defined, new tools and approaches have been developed, and governance and anticorruption (GAC) issues and concerns are increasingly being mainstreamed in the Bank's operational work at the country, sector, and project levels. With the introduction of the operational risk assessment framework (ORAF), the Bank has undertaken a major effort to improve how it manages GAC risks in the development projects and programs it supports. This note provides principles-based advice and guidance to task teams working at the sector and project levels on fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS) countries in Africa. It aims to provide a common conceptual framework for understanding the challenges and opportunities they face in project design, implementation, and supervision; highlight key lessons learned and good practice examples from others working in this area; and suggest some topics where further work is needed to understand and mitigate key operational risks. A communications strategy that frames GAC issues in a constructive way, seeks to take into account the concerns and perspectives of all stakeholders involved, enhances the understanding of constraints and opportunities, and strengthens the project's incentives for improving governance and reducing corruption. In FCS countries, constraints are likely to include severe weaknesses in institutional capacity; thus the project design should include an explicit strategy and action plan for institutional strengthening, as well as explicit, measurable indicators of progress.

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