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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

HIV Testing, Behavior Change, and the Transition to Adulthood in Malawi

ADOLESCENCE ADOLESCENT ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADOLESCENT WOMEN ADULTHOOD AGE OF MARRIAGE AGED AIDS EPIDEMIC ANTENATAL CLINICS AVERAGE AGE BEHAVIOR CHANGE BIRTHS CHILDBEARING CIRCUMCISION CONDOM CONDOM USE CONDOMS CONFERENCE ON POPULATION DEMOGRAPHY DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISEASE DISEASES EARLY YEARS EPIDEMICS FAMILY BACKGROUND FATHER FEMALE FERTILITY FIRST CHILD FIRST MARRIAGE FIRST PREGNANCY GENDER GENDER DIFFERENCES HEALTH POLICY HERPES HERPES SIMPLEX HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS HIGH RISK OF INFECTION HIV HIV INFECTION HIV POSITIVE HIV PREVENTION HIV TESTING HIV/AIDS HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IMMUNE DEFICIENCY IMMUNODEFICIENCY INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE LARGELY RURAL AREAS LIFE EVENTS LIFE EXPECTANCY LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH MARITAL PARTNERSHIPS MEDICINE MIGRATION MONOGAMY MOTHER MOTHER-TO-CHILD MOTHERS MULTIPLE PARTNERS NATIONAL POLICY NEW INFECTIONS NEWBORNS OLD MEN PERCEPTIONS OF RISK POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT PREGNANCIES PREVALENCE PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIVACY PROGRESS PUBLIC HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESPECT RISK BEHAVIOR RISK OF EXPOSURE RISK OF INFECTION RISKY SEX RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIORS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SEXUAL PARTNER SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS SEXUALLY ACTIVE SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES SOCIAL SCIENCE SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS SPOUSE STRESSES SYNDROMES TERTIARY EDUCATION TRANSMISSION RATES TREATMENT UNPROTECTED SEX URBAN AREAS URBAN COMMUNITIES WOMAN YOUNG ADULTS YOUNG AGE YOUNG MEN YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG PERSON YOUNG WOMAN YOUNG WOMEN YOUTH
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Malawi
2014-04-10T19:08:51Z | 2014-04-10T19:08:51Z | 2014-03

For young adults living in countries with AIDS epidemics, getting an HIV test may influence near-term decisions, such as when to leave school, when to marry, and when to have a first child. These behaviors, which define the transition from adolescence to adulthood, have long-term implications on well-being and directly affect a person's risk of contracting HIV. Using an experimental design embedded in a panel survey from Malawi, this study assesses the impact of voluntary counseling and testing of young adults for HIV on these decisions. The results show negligible intent-to-treat effect of HIV testing on behaviors. There is some suggestive evidence on differential response by wealth and by prior beliefs about one's status.

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