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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Poverty, Malnutrition and Vulnerability in Mali

ACCESS TO FOOD ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY AGRICULTURE ASSET HOLDINGS CASH TRANSFERS CASH-CROP CEREAL PRICES CEREAL PRODUCTION CEREALS CHRONIC MALNUTRITION CONFLICT CONSUMER PRICE INDICES CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES CONSUMPTION LEVEL CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION VOLATILITY COTTON PRODUCTION COVARIATE SHOCKS CROP PRODUCTION DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ISSUES DIMENSION OF VULNERABILITY DROUGHT FAMILY ASSISTANCE FARMER FARMERS FOOD FOR WORK FOOD ITEMS FOOD POVERTY FOOD POVERTY LINE FOOD POVERTY RATE FOOD PRICE FOOD PRICES FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD RESOURCES GRAINS HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE HOUSEHOLD DEMOGRAPHICS HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SPECIFIC RISKS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD VULNERABILITY HOUSEHOLD WELFARE HOUSING IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS IMPACT OF SHOCKS INSURANCE LIVESTOCK ASSETS LIVESTOCK OWNERS LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP MALNUTRITION MILLION PEOPLE NATIONAL FOOD POVERTY LINE NATIONAL POVERTY NATIONAL POVERTY LINE NON-POOR HOUSEHOLDS PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION POLICY RESEARCH POOR POOR HOUSEHOLD POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POOR POPULATION POVERTY ANALYSIS POVERTY DYNAMICS POVERTY LINES POVERTY MEASUREMENT POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY STATUS PUBLIC TRANSFERS PUBLIC WORKS REGIONAL EFFECTS REGIONAL LEVEL REGIONAL POVERTY REGIONAL POVERTY LINES RISK REDUCTION RISK SHARING RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL FARMERS RURAL PUBLIC RURAL REGIONS SAFETY NET SAFETY NET MECHANISMS SANITATION SHEEP STANDARD ERRORS TARGETING URBAN AREAS VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY VULNERABLE GROUPS VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS WELFARE CONTRIBUTION
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Mali
2013-10-01T20:07:15Z | 2013-10-01T20:07:15Z | 2013-08

This paper provides new insight into the poverty, malnutrition and vulnerability issues in Mali, using existing household survey data. First, it presents a profile of households that are poor, "food poor," or have malnourished children. Second, it explores the impact of recent weather and price shocks on household welfare and identifies those affected most by the shocks. Finally, it estimates vulnerability to poverty by modeling both households' expected consumption and their consumption volatility, and by distinguishing between idiosyncratic and covariate risks. The basic results of the analysis match conventional knowledge about poverty, food poverty, and malnutrition. The prevalence of chronic malnutrition is high in Mali, with 44 percent of Malian households and 66 percent of food poor Malian households having at least one stunted child. A 25 percent increase in cereal prices and a 25 percent decrease in cereal production are estimated to increase the number of food poor by 610,000 people. An estimated US$ 5.4 million of extra aid per year will be needed to lift the newly food poor above the food poverty line. About US$ 182 million is needed to do this for all existing and new food poor. Vulnerability incidence is in general two to three times higher among the poor than the non-poor, except in urban areas and in the region of Sikasso where the vulnerability incidence is five to six times higher among the poor. Overall, vulnerability is mostly driven by poverty induced vulnerability, except in the capital, Bamako, where vulnerability is more driven by risk induced vulnerability.

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