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Entrepreneurship Training and Self-Employment among University Graduates : Evidence from a Randomized Trial In Tunisia

ACADEMIC YEAR ACCESS TO CREDIT ACCESS TO INFORMATION ACCESS TO JOBS ACHIEVEMENT ACTIVE LABOR ACTIVE LABOR MARKET ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS ATTENTION ATTRITION BUSINESS NETWORKS BUSINESS OWNERS BUSINESS PLAN BUSINESS PLANS BUSINESS SURVIVAL BUSINESS TRAINING CLASSROOM CLASSROOM TRAINING COLLEGE GRADUATE COMMUNITY COLLEGE COMPETENCIES CONTROL GROUPS CREDIT ACCESS CREDIT APPLICATIONS CREDIT CONSTRAINTS CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT BANK DEVELOPMENT CENTER DISADVANTAGED YOUTH EARNINGS ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ELIGIBLE STUDENTS EMPLOYABILITY EMPLOYERS EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS EMPLOYMENT OFFICE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES EMPLOYMENT POLICIES EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS EMPLOYMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENROLLMENT RATES ENTREPRENEUR ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ENTREPRENEURS ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUPPORT ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAININGS EXAMS EXCLUSION FAMILIES FEMALE ENTERPRISE FINANCIAL ANALYSIS FINANCIAL LITERACY FINANCIAL SUPPORT FIRM SIZE GENDER GRADUATES WITH SKILLS GRADUATION RATE GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS GROSS ENROLLMENT GROSS ENROLLMENT RATES GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HIGHER EDUCATION HOUSEHOLD INCOME HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDIVIDUAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP INFORMATION ABOUT CREDIT INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERVENTIONS JOB OFFER JOB OPPORTUNITIES JOB SATISFACTION JOB SEARCH JOBS LABOR DEMAND LABOR ECONOMICS LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE SURVEY LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOUR LACK OF ACCESS LACK OF INFORMATION LEADERSHIP LEARNING LITERACY LITERATURE LOAN LOCAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE LOCAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICES MENTAL HEALTH MICRO ENTERPRISES MICRO FINANCE MICROFINANCE MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS MINIMUM WAGE MINISTRIES OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MOTIVATION NEW BUSINESSES OCCUPATIONS ON-THE-JOB TRAINING OPEN ACCESS PAPERS PERSONALITY PERSONALITY TRAITS PLAYING POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE PRESENT EVIDENCE PREVIOUS SECTION PREVIOUS STUDIES PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR JOB PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS PRIVATE SECTOR WAGE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROFITABILITY PROGRAM BENEFICIARIES PSYCHOLOGY PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOB PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS READING RECALL RECOGNITION SALARIED EMPLOYMENT SALARIED WORKER SELF-EMPLOYMENT SKILLED WORKERS SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SKILLS TRAINING SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL NETWORK SOCIAL SECURITY SPORTS START-UP START-UP CAPITAL SUBSTITUTION EFFECT SURVIVAL RATES TEACHING TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE TELECOMMUNICATIONS TERTIARY EDUCATION THINKING TRAINING COMPONENT TRAINING CONTENT TRAINING COURSE TRAINING PARTICIPANTS TRAINING PROGRAM TRAINING PROGRAMS UNDERGRADUATES UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS UNIVERSITIES UNIVERSITY DEGREE UNIVERSITY GRADUATES UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS UNIVERSITY STUDENTS VENTURE CAPITAL VENTURE CAPITAL FIRM VOCATIONAL TRAINING VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS WAGE EMPLOYMENT WAGE SUBSIDIES WAGE SUBSIDY WAGE SUBSIDY PROGRAMS WORKER WORKERS YOUNG WORKERS YOUTH EMPLOYMENT YOUTH TRAINING YOUTH TRAINING PROGRAM YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Tunisia
2013-01-04T22:33:47Z | 2013-01-04T22:33:47Z | 2012-12

In economies characterized by low labor demand and high rates of youth unemployment, entrepreneurship training has the potential to enable youth to gain skills and create their own jobs. This paper presents experimental evidence on a new entrepreneurship track that provides business training and personalized coaching to university students in Tunisia. Undergraduates in the final year of licence appliquee were given the opportunity to graduate with a business plan instead of following the standard curriculum. This paper relies on randomized assignment of the entrepreneurship track to identify impacts on labor market outcomes one year after graduation. The analysis finds that the entrepreneurship track was effective in increasing self-employment among applicants, but that the effects are small in absolute terms. In addition, the employment rate among participants remains unchanged, pointing to a partial substitution from wage employment to self-employment. The evidence shows that the program fostered business skills, expanded networks, and affected a range of behavioral skills. Participation in the entrepreneurship track also heightened graduates optimism toward the future shortly after the Tunisian revolution.

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