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Weather and Child Health in Rural Nigeria

AGE GROUPS AGED AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AIR ALTITUDE AMOUNT OF RAINFALL ANNUAL PRECIPITATION ARID CLIMATE AVERAGE RAINFALL BIRTH WEIGHT BLINDNESS BREASTFEEDING CHILD HEALTH CHOLERA CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS CLIMATE DATA CLIMATE MODELING CLIMATE MODELS CLIMATE VARIABILITY CLIMATE VARIABLES CLIMATES CLIMATIC CONDITIONS CLIMATOLOGY CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK CONSEQUENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE CONSEQUENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE DENGUE DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER DEVELOPED COUNTRIES DIARRHEA DIARRHEAL DISEASES DISEASE DISEASE CONTROL DISEASE OUTBREAKS DISEASE VECTORS ECOLOGY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMICS ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE EPIDEMIC EPIDEMIOLOGY EXCESS RAINFALL EXCESSIVE RAINFALL EXTREME DROUGHT EXTREME EVENTS EXTREME HEAT EXTREME PRECIPITATION EXTREME PRECIPITATION EVENTS EXTREME TEMPERATURE EXTREME WEATHER EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS FAMILY PLANNING FEMALES FLOODS FUTURE CLIMATE VARIABILITY GCM GLOBAL CLIMATE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL WARMING HAZARDS HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SURVEYS HIGH TEMPERATURES HUMAN BIOLOGY HYGIENE IMMUNE SYSTEM IMMUNIZATION IMMUNOLOGY IMPACT OF CLIMATE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT OF RAINFALL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE INFECTIOUS DISEASES INJURIES INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE INTERVENTION IPCC LABOR MARKETS LEPTOSPIROSIS LIFE EXPECTANCY LONG-TERM RAINFALL LONGEVITY LUNG DISEASE MALARIA MALARIA INCIDENCE MALNUTRITION MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH MEDICAL CARE MEDICAL TREATMENT MENINGITIS MIGRATION MINIMUM TEMPERATURES MORBIDITY MORTALITY NEGATIVE EFFECTS NEGATIVE IMPACT NEGATIVE IMPACTS NUTRIENTS NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY NUTRITIONAL STATUS NUTRITIONISTS OLDER CHILDREN ONCHOCERCIASIS ORAL REHYDRATION ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY OZONE PARASITES PEDIATRICS PHYSIOLOGY PLANT GROWTH PNEUMONIA POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION DYNAMICS PP PREGNANCY PREVALENCE PUBLIC GOODS PUBLIC HEALTH QUALITY ASSESSMENT RAIN RAINFALL RAINFALL DATA RAINFALL DEFICIENCIES RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION RAINFALL FLUCTUATIONS RAINFALL PATTERNS RAINFALL REGIME RAINFALL VARIABILITY RAINY SEASON RAINY SEASONS RESPIRATORY DISEASE RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS RIVER BLINDNESS RURAL COMMUNITIES SEASON SEX SKIN DISORDERS STARVATION STD STORMS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SYMPTOMS SYMPTOMS OF ILLNESS TEMPERATURE INCREASE TEMPERATURE RECORDS TEMPERATURE VARIATION TEMPERATURES THEORETICAL MODELS TYPHOID TYPHOID FEVER VECTORS WATER-BORNE DISEASE WATER-BORNE DISEASES WATERBORNE DISEASES WEATHER CONDITIONS WEATHER PATTERNS WORKERS YELLOW FEVER
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Nigeria
2013-01-02T21:18:23Z | 2013-01-02T21:18:23Z | 2012-10

The effect of weather shocks on children's anthropometrics is investigated using the two most recent rounds of the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. For this purpose, climate data for each survey cluster are interpolated using daily weather-station records from the national network. The findings reveal that rainfall shocks have a statistically significant and robust impact on child health in the short run for both weight-for-height and height-for-age, and the incidence of diarrhea. The impacts of weather shocks on health are of considerable magnitude; however, children seem to catch up with their cohort rapidly after experiencing a shock. The paper does not find any evidence of nonlinear impacts of weather variability on children's health, suggesting that a moderate increase in future rainfall variability is not likely to bring additional health costs. Finally, it appears that the impact of these shocks is the same for young boys and girls, which suggests that there is no gender-based discrimination in the allocation of resources within households.

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