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ECCAS's Infrastructure : A Regional Perspective

ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS AGGLOMERATION AGGREGATES AIR AIR CARRIERS AIR SAFETY AIR SERVICE AIR SERVICES AIR TRAFFIC AIR TRAFFIC SAFETY AIR TRANSPORT AIR TRANSPORT MARKET AIR TRANSPORT SAFETY AIR TRANSPORT SECTOR AIR TRANSPORTATION AIR TRAVEL AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFTS AIRLINE AIRLINES AIRPORT AIRPORT CHARGES AIRPORT CONCESSION AIRPORTS AIRWAYS AIRWORTHINESS AIRWORTHINESS PROJECT ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT MODES ARTERIES AVIATION POLICY BORDER CROSSINGS BRIDGE BUS BUS SERVICES CABLE CABLES CABOTAGE CALL RATES CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAR CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS CARBON EMISSIONS CARGO CARGO HANDLING CARGO TRAFFIC CARRIAGE CARRIAGES CARRIERS CIVIL AVIATION CONCESSION CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS CONCESSIONS CONGESTION CONGESTION PROBLEMS CONSTRUCTION CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER TRAFFIC CONTAINERS CONTAINERS PER HOUR CORRIDOR COST OF POWER COST RECOVERY COST RECOVERY RATIO COSTS OF POWER CROSSING CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE DAILY TRAFFIC DEMAND FOR POWER DIESEL DIRECT FLIGHTS DISTRIBUTION LOSSES ECONOMIC BENEFITS ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC GROWTH FORECASTS ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ECONOMIES OF SCALE EDGE ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION EMISSIONS SAVINGS ENERGY COSTS EXCESS SUPPLY EXPORT FLIGHT FOREIGN INVESTORS FRAMEWORK FREIGHT FREIGHT BUREAUS FREIGHT FORWARDERS FREIGHT MARKETS FREIGHT MOVEMENT FREIGHT MOVEMENTS FREIGHT TARIFFS FREIGHT TRAFFIC FREIGHT TRANSPORT FREIGHT TRANSPORT PRICES FREQUENCY OF FLIGHTS FUEL FUEL OIL GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GROWTH RATES HIGH TRANSPORT HUB IMPLEMENTATION OF ROAD MAINTENANCE INCOME INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INLAND WATERWAYS INTERNATIONAL STANDARD INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC INVENTORY LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LARGE OPERATORS LIFTING LOCOMOTIVE LOWER PRICES MARGINAL COSTS MARKET CONCENTRATION MODE OF TRANSPORT NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE NATIONAL RAILWAY NAVIGATION NORTH-SOUTH CORRIDOR O&M OPEN ACCESS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OPERATIONAL SAFETY PASSENGER PASSENGERS PAVING PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PLANES PORT INFRASTRUCTURE POWER POWER COSTS POWER NETWORK POWER PLANTS POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PROFIT MARGINS RAIL RAIL HAULAGE RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL LINES RAIL NETWORK RAIL NETWORKS RAIL TRAFFIC RAILWAY RAILWAY NETWORK RAILWAY NETWORKS RAILWAYS RANGE RATE OF RETURN REFERENCE REGIONAL AIR TRANSPORT REGIONAL AIRPORTS REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE REGIONAL NETWORK REGIONAL TRANSPORT REVENUE COLLECTION RIVER ROAD ROAD CONDITIONS ROAD CORRIDORS ROAD DENSITY ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD QUALITY ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROLLING STOCK ROUTE ROUTES SAFETY SAFETY OVERSIGHT SAFETY STANDARDS SANITATION SEAPORTS SHARING SHIPPERS SPEED SQUARE SURFACE TRANSPORT SURFACE TRANSPORTATION TERMINAL TERMINALS TIMBER TOTAL LENGTH TRADE FACILITATION TRADE LOGISTICS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC DENSITY TRAFFIC FLOWS TRAFFIC PATTERNS TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRANSIT TRANSIT CORRIDORS TRANSIT TIMES TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSPORT ALTERNATIVES TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT MARKET TRANSPORT OF GOODS TRANSPORT QUALITY TRANSPORT SAFETY TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORT TARIFFS TRANSPORTATION TRANSSHIPMENT TRAVEL TIME TRIP TRUCK PROCESSING TRUCKING TRUCKS UTILITIES VEHICLE VEHICLE MILEAGE VEHICLES VELOCITY VESSELS VOLUME OF TRAFFIC WAREHOUSING WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
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Africa | Central Africa
2012-03-19T18:05:45Z | 2012-03-19T18:05:45Z | 2011-10-01

Sound infrastructure is fundamental for growth across the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS). During 1995-2005, improvements in infrastructure boosted growth in Central Africa by 1 percentage point per capita annually, primarily due to the introduction and expansion of mobile telephony. Improved roads also made a small contribution. Conversely, inadequate power deterred growth to a greater degree than elsewhere in Africa. ECCAS must address a complex set of challenges. Economic activity takes place in isolated pockets separated by vast distances. Two countries are landlocked and dependent on regional corridors; seven countries have populations of under 10 million; and eight have economies that are smaller than $10 billion/year. This difficult economic geography demands a regional approach to developing infrastructure. Yet Central Africa's infrastructure has the poorest performance record in all of Africa on most aggregate indicators. Transportation is slow and the most expensive in Sub-Saharan Africa, with poor road conditions, border delays, port delays, time-consuming administrative processes, no integrated railway network, and inefficient air transport. The ICT backbone is still in its early stages; access rates are low and the prices of critical services are the highest in Africa. ECCAS has the least-developed power sector on the continent despite significant hydropower resources. If Central Africa's infrastructure could be improved to the level of Mauritius, regional growth performance would be boosted by some 5 percentage points, with power making the strongest contribution. The cost of such an improvement is estimated at $1.8 billion/year for a decade and will require external assistance.

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