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Report

Investing in Universal Health Coverage : Opportunities and Challenges for Health Financing in the Democratic Republic of Congo

ANNUAL REPORT ECONOMIC GROWTH ACCOUNTING DOMESTIC REVENUE VACCINATION ANNUAL REPORTS PHARMACISTS ANTENATAL CARE GOVERNMENT FUNDING LOCAL REVENUE HEALTH ESTABLISHMENTS HEALTH CARE REVENUES EXPENDITURE DECENTRALIZATION MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK CAPACITY BUILDING BUDGET CONSTRAINTS LIFE EXPECTANCY HOSPITALIZATION MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK HEALTH SECTOR BUDGET ALLOCATIONS LEPROSY TOTAL EXPENDITURE IMMUNIZATION PUBLIC TREASURY EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK HEALTH CENTERS EXCHANGE RATES SECTOR EXPENDITURE DEBT PUBLIC FINANCE BUDGET DEFICIT TAX BREAKS ACCOUNTING SYSTEM EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE EXPENDITURE ITEM CAPITAL EXPENDITURE GYNECOLOGY PROVINCIAL LEVEL BUDGET ENVELOPE AUDIT OFFICE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW SERVICE DELIVERY NATURAL RESOURCES FISCAL COMMITMENTS EXPENDITURE DATA MORTALITY HEALTH PROMOTION CENTRAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE HEALTH INFORMATION HEALTH SPENDING GOVERNMENT BUDGETS TAX INSTRUMENTS MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT EXTERNAL AID DATA AVAILABILITY MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE GOVERNMENT BUDGET SURGERY AGED BUDGET PROCESS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PROVINCIAL REVENUES BASIC SOCIAL SERVICES GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PRIVATE SECTOR PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM SERVICE QUALITY ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION INTERNET CAPITAL SPENDING SANITARY FACILITIES DOMESTIC TAX PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT WEIGHT PHYSICIANS CHILDREN FISCAL MANAGEMENT MINISTRY OF BUDGET ALLOCATION PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS SECTOR BUDGET FISCAL BALANCE TAX ADMINISTRATION BUDGET PREPARATION MEDICINES HOSPITALS OUTCOMES PUBLIC SERVICE INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS PREGNANCY CASH FLOW FOOD INDUSTRY NURSING DEBT RELIEF FISCAL DATA DEFICIT FINANCIAL IMPACT PEOPLE PUBLIC PROCUREMENT MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE PREVENTION PUBLIC SECTOR GOVERNMENT SPENDING MONEY SUPPLY FINANCIAL RESOURCES DATA COLLECTION PAYMENT SYSTEM HEALTH ASSISTANCE LIQUIDITY PROGRAMS RESOURCE ALLOCATION SERVICES HEALTH INSURANCE TAX COLLECTION BUDGETARY PROCESS REAL GROWTH HEALTH NATIONAL PRIORITY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT REVENUE PUBLIC FUNDING INFLATION PUBLIC HEALTH FINANCIAL POLICY BUDGET POVERTY REDUCTION CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET COST RECOVERY PATIENTS PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT AGING BUDGET EXECUTION NURSES FISCAL CONSOLIDATION PRIVATE INVESTMENT EDUCATION SYSTEM SOCIAL SECURITY FISCAL EXPENDITURE ARTICLE MIGRANTS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT FINANCIAL HEALTH NATIONAL STATISTICS TAXES CHANGES IN HEALTH OUTCOMES EXPENDITURE BUDGET CLASSIFICATION PUBLIC SUBSIDIES UNEMPLOYMENT CHILDBIRTH DEBT RATIO TAX RATE SOCIAL SERVICES TAX POWERS DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS IMMUNODEFICIENCY POSTNATAL CARE BUDGET DATA HEALTH POLICY BUDGETS FINANCE MINISTRY HEALTH OUTCOMES WAGE EXPENDITURE GOVERNMENT REVENUE FORMAL ECONOMY NUTRITION WORKSHOPS PRIMARY HEALTH CARE TAX REVENUE COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREGNANT WOMEN PUBLIC RESOURCES MINISTRY OF ECONOMY GROWTH RATE FISCAL AUTHORITY SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEM TAX SYSTEM HEALTH EXPENDITURE HEALTH FINANCING SYSTEM DECENTRALIZATION EXTERNAL DEBT EXTERNAL FINANCING STATE AUDIT OFFICE STRATEGY EXCHANGE RATE REGISTRATION HEALTH FINANCING PERSONNEL EXPENDITURE CIVIL SERVICE FISCAL IMPLICATIONS HEALTH PROGRAMS HEALTH SERVICES IMPLEMENTATION MACROECONOMIC PROJECTIONS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Congo, Democratic Republic of
2016-03-07T20:03:05Z | 2016-03-07T20:03:05Z | 2014-01

The report contains eight chapters. Chapter one leads off with the main macroeconomic and fiscal determinants to understand the general health financing situation in DRC. Its sections one and two provide a brief overview of the country’s macroeconomic and fiscal environment. Section three sheds new light on decentralization, a core health issue, and focuses on the fiscal implications of decentralization. Section 4 offers a brief analysis of the management of public finance, a key element for the effectiveness and quality of expenditure, especially in health. Chapter two starts with a brief overview of the main objectives and analyzes its organization and governance, with a focus on health care delivery. Chapter three discusses the performance of the main health system’s outputs and outcomes. Section one analyzes major changes in health outcomes based on different household surveys. Section two addresses service coverage with a focus on mother and child services. Section three explores service quality issues. In a detailed analysis of health financing sources, Chapter four looks at changes in public, external, and private sources over 2008–2013 (section one). Section two analyzes the adequacy of government funding for health financing needs, and assesses the prospects for expanding fiscal space for health. Chapter five examines government funds mobilized for health, both allocated in the budget and executed (or actuals). Government resources for health are taken to mean all domestic financing sources allocated to the Ministry of Public Health and other health entities. Section one examines changes in the health budget envelope over 2007–2013, while section two focuses on actual spending. Section three analyzes government executed expenditure by nature and section four reviews trends and types of personnel expenditure, the largest share of government health expenditure. Chapter six focuses on health expenditure performance in the light of three main parameters: financial protection; equity; and efficiency. Section one analyzes financial protection using standard indicators (share of out-of-pocket payments, catastrophic expenditure, and impoverishing expenditure). Section two scrutinizes health outcomes and service use disparities and inequalities based on income, gender, and place of residence. The last section presents an overview of the efficiency of health expenditure in DRC, primarily in comparison to its peer countries. Chapter seven analyzes health financing from the point of view of the provinces, the new ‘entitled’ authorities for the health sector, drawing on a survey of financial and fiscal data from six provinces. Section one presents an overview of health financing flows after decentralization. Section two focuses on financing sources for the health sector at the provincial level, examining provincial government funds, external assistance, and central government transfers. The chapter ends with an analysis of the volume and type of decentralized government health expenditure. The report concludes in a brief chapter eight with a series of recommendations to improve short- and medium-term health sector financing and performance.

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