The Pilot Reintegration Project of the Republic of South Sudan’s National DDR Program (NDDRP) was conducted with the overall aim to test reintegration approaches and modalities, and to develop actionable lessons that can inform and improve the Republic of South Sudan’s future DDR programming. Reintegrating ex-combatants into civilian life is a major challenge and in fact the key measure of a DDR program success. Managed by the World Bank’s Transitional Demobilization and Reintegration Program (TDRP) in close coordination with the National DDR Commission (NDDRC) and through financial support from Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), the reintegration pilot was conducted in three phases from April 2013-October 2014. The current events in South Sudan underscore the importance of DDR to the country and its connection to the nation’s overall development. As such, it is critical that the country continue and invigorate its work in developing a nationally-led well-designed and well-implemented DDR program. The learnings from this pilot as well as the tools developed are relevant and timely as these contribute to the development of an effective and realistic full National DDR Program.