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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study

Political Economy of Extractives Governance in Sierra Leone

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM ANTI-CORRUPTION APPOINTEES ARMED CONFLICT ASSETS AUDITOR AUTHORITY AUTHORIZATION BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BANKS BULLETIN BUREAUCRACY BUSINESSMAN CAPACITY BUILDING CDF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CITIZEN CITIZENS CIVIL SERVANT CIVIL SERVANTS CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS CIVIL WAR COLLUSION COLONIALISM COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMPETITIVE BIDDING COMPETITIVE BIDDING PROCESS COMPLAINTS CONFIDENCE CONSTITUTION CONSTITUTIONS CRIMINALITY DEBT DECENTRALIZATION DECISION-MAKERS DECISION-MAKING DECISION-MAKING POWER DECREE DEMAND FOR SERVICES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DIMINISHING RETURNS DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES DISSEMINATION DISTRICTS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC IMPACT ECONOMIES OF SCALE EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES EXECUTION EXECUTIVE POWER EXPENDITURE EXPLOITATION FARMS FINANCIAL DIFFICULTIES FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FISHERIES FISHING FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOREIGN CREDIT FOREIGN LOANS FORESTRY FORMAL ECONOMY FORMAL EDUCATION FORMAL EMPLOYMENT FUTURE GENERATIONS GANGS GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE REFORM GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GOVERNMENT MANAGEMENT GOVERNMENT PROPERTY GOVERNMENT SECURITIES GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HEALTH SERVICES HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HUMAN RIGHTS HUSBANDS IMPERIALISM INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSTITUTIONAL REFORM INSURGENCY JUSTICE LABOUR FORCE LABOUR MIGRANTS LAWS LEADERSHIP LEGAL STATUS LEGISLATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LOCAL AUTHORITY LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL COUNCILS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL ECONOMY LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOOTING MEDIA MIGRANT MIGRANTS MIGRATION MINES MINISTER MINISTERS MINISTRY OF FINANCE MISAPPROPRIATION MODERNIZATION MUNICIPALITY NATIONAL ELECTIONS NATIONAL GOVERNMENT NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NEPOTISM OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE OIL OIL PRICES OLIGARCHY PARASTATALS PATRONAGE PEACE PEASANT PRODUCERS POLICE POLICE OFFICER POLICE OFFICERS POLICES POLICY DECISIONS POLICY DIALOGUE POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLITICAL CHANGE POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL EFFECTS POLITICAL ELITE POLITICAL ELITES POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL INTEREST POLITICAL OPPONENT POLITICIANS POLLUTION POLLUTION ABATEMENT POPULATION DISTRIBUTION PREFERENTIAL PRESIDENCY PRESIDENTIAL POWERS PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT PROCUREMENT PRODUCERS PROGRESS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC DEMAND PUBLIC FUNDS PUBLIC OFFICERS PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC SPENDING PURCHASING POWER QUALITY OF LIFE QUALITY OF SERVICES REFERENDUM REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REPRESENTATIVES RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESOURCE CURSE RESOURCE MANAGEMENT RESPECT RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL POPULATION SECONDARY SCHOOL SECURITIES SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL ACTION SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL COHESION SOVEREIGNTY STATE COLLAPSE STATE CONTROL STATE POLITICS STATE POWER STATE RESOURCES STATE UNIVERSITY STREAMS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT TAX COLLECTION TAX LAW TAX REVENUE TAX SYSTEM TAXATION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TERMS OF TRADE THIEVES TIMBER TRADE UNIONS TRANSPARENCY UNEMPLOYMENT URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTRES URBAN MIGRATION URBAN POVERTY VULNERABILITY WAGES WAR RECONSTRUCTION WARS WORKFORCE YOUNG PEOPLE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sierra Leone
2014-01-30T17:19:33Z | 2014-01-30T17:19:33Z | 2013-07

Sierra Leone is still recovering from a brutal civil war (1991-2002), fuelled in part by a valuable and easily extractable natural resource (diamonds). Sierra Leone now stands on the verge of an unprecedented period of economic growth, driven primarily by revenues from large-scale iron ore mining. Yet it continues to face many governance and developmental challenges. The rapid rise of the extractives governance agenda in Sierra Leone requires an equally swift, yet strategic response from all stakeholders: the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL), development partners (DPs), civil society organizations (CSOs), communities, and mining companies. This report uses a 'value chain' approach to mining governance which highlights the critical stages through which a resource dependent country is expected to progress as it seeks to transform resource rents into economic growth and sustainable human development. The objective of this study is ultimately to improve the management of the natural resource endowment, enjoyed by Sierra Leone, in a manner that will allow the revenues generated from natural resource extraction to contribute in an optimal manner towards sustainable economic growth. Specifically, the study focuses on mining (iron ore, diamonds, and other minerals) and to a much lesser extent, oil and gas. By using the 'theories of change' approach to political economy analysis, the report looks at the historical challenges around extractive governance, identifies systemic features, and characteristics of 'the problem', extrapolates and analyses the incentives shaping the activities and behaviors of key stakeholders, and then lays out a possible platform for engagement based on clearly identified entry points. This report is organized as follows: chapter one is introduction, chapter two presents a summary of previous analytical work on the political economy of Sierra Leone with special reference to the extractives sector, its governance past, and possible governance futures. Chapter three undertakes an in-depth analysis of the extractives value chain in Sierra Leone and chapter four identifies key stakeholders across this value chain, noting their influence on extractives management policy and implementation, their potential relationships with other stakeholders, and influence over policy outcomes. Chapter five identifies and highlights suitable entry points for policy dialogue on extractives-led governance in Sierra Leone and possible project and technical assistance interventions across the value chain.

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