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Impact Evaluation of Free-of-charge CFL Bulb Distribution in Ethiopia

ABATEMENT ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY AIR AIR CONDITIONERS APPROACH AVERAGE PRICE CALCULATION CARBON CARBON REDUCTIONS CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CO2 CONDITIONERS CONSUMER DEMAND CONSUMER PRICE CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DEMAND FOR ENERGY DEMAND FOR POWER DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DISTRIBUTION OF ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONAL EFFECTS DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS DONOR COMMUNITY ECONOMIC THEORY ELECTRIC POWER ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY CAPACITY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY PRICE ELECTRICITY PRICING ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY SYSTEM ELECTRICITY TARIFFS ELECTRICITY USE ELECTRICITY UTILITY ELECTRIFICATION EMISSIONS ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY ECONOMICS ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAMS ENERGY GOODS ENERGY OUTLOOK ENERGY POLICY ENERGY SAVINGS ENERGY SOURCES ENERGY USE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES EXTREME EVENTS FLUORESCENT LAMP FUEL FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL EFFICIENCY FUEL PRICES GHG GLOBAL WARMING HYDRO POWER HYDROPOWER IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY INCANDESCENT BULBS INCOME INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY LAND ECONOMICS MARGINAL COST MARGINAL PRICE MARKET FAILURE MICRO HYDRO PEAK DEMAND PEAK POWER POLICY IMPLICATIONS POWER CONSUMPTION POWER CORPORATION POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER PRODUCTION POWER SECTOR POWER UTILITIES PP PRICE ELASTICITY PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND PRICE INDEX PROMOTING ENERGY EFFICIENCY RENEWABLE ENERGY RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES RESOURCE ECONOMICS ROAD TRANSPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TARIFF STRUCTURE TOTAL CONSUMPTION TOTAL COST TRANSMISSION CAPACITY UTILITIES WEATHER CONDITIONS WIND WORLD ENERGY WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2013-04-10T18:59:20Z | 2013-04-10T18:59:20Z | 2013-03

Electricity infrastructure is one of the most important development challenges in Africa. While more resources are clearly needed to invest in new capacities, it is also important to promote energy efficiency and manage the increasing demand for power. This paper evaluates one of the recent energy-efficiency programs in Ethiopia, which distributed 350,000 compact fluorescent lamp bulbs free of charge. The impact related to this first phase is estimated at about 45 to 50 kilowatt hours per customer per month, or about 13.3 megawatts of energy savings in total. The overall impact of the compact fluorescent lamp bulb programs, thanks to which more than 5 million bulbs were distributed, could be significantly larger. The paper also finds that the majority of the program beneficiaries were low-volume customers -- mostly from among the poor -- although the program was not targeted. In addition, the analysis determines the distributional effect of the program: the energy savings relative to the underlying energy consumption were larger for the poor. The evidence also supports a rebound effect. About 20 percent of the initial energy savings disappeared within 18 months of the program's completion.

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