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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study

World Bank study : A Health Sector in Transition to Universal Coverage in Ghana

ABSTINENCE ACCESS TO CONTRACEPTIVES ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES ACCESS TO OBSTETRIC CARE ADULT LITERACY ADULT POPULATION AGED ANTENATAL CARE BIRTH ATTENDANTS BIRTH RATE BREAST CANCER BURDEN OF DISEASE CAPITATION CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES CAUSES OF DEATH CHILD HEALTH CHILD MORTALITY CHILD NUTRITION CHILDREN PER WOMAN CITIES CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS CLEANLINESS CLINICS COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL COMMUNICABLE DISEASES COMPETENCIES CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE CONTRACEPTIVES COUNSELING DEATH RATE DEATHS DECISION MAKING DEMOCRACY DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES DEPENDENCY RATIO DIABETES ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHANGES EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TRANSITION EPIDEMIOLOGY EQUITY IN ACCESS ESSENTIAL DRUGS ESSENTIAL MEDICINES EXPENDITURES FAMILIES FAMILY PLANNING FAMILY PLANNING COMMODITIES FEE FOR SERVICE FEMALE LITERACY FERTILITY FERTILITY DECLINES FERTILITY RATE FEWER CHILDREN FORECASTS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HEALTH ADMINISTRATION HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH CONDITIONS HEALTH COST HEALTH DELIVERY HEALTH EDUCATION HEALTH EXPENDITURE HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH FINANCING HEALTH INFORMATION HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE HEALTH INSTITUTIONS HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH MANAGEMENT HEALTH OF WOMEN HEALTH ORGANIZATION HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH PLANNING HEALTH POLICY HEALTH PROBLEMS HEALTH PROMOTION HEALTH REFORM HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICE HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY HEALTH SERVICE USE HEALTH SERVICE UTILIZATION HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH STATUS HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTH SYSTEMS HEALTH WORKERS HEALTH WORKFORCE HIV/AIDS HOSPITAL HOSPITAL BEDS HOSPITAL CARE HOSPITALS HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HR HUMAN RESOURCES HYPERTENSION ILLNESS IMMUNIZATION IMMUNODEFICIENCY INCENTIVE SCHEMES INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INDUCED DEMAND INEQUITIES INFANT INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFECTIOUS DISEASES INFORMATION SYSTEMS INJURIES INSURANCE SCHEMES INTERVENTION LAB TESTS LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LIFE EXPECTANCY LITERACY RATES LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL AUTHORITIES MALARIA MANAGED CARE MATERNAL DEATHS MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO MEDICAL EQUIPMENT MEDICINES MIDWIVES MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MINISTRY OF HEALTH MORBIDITY MORTALITY MOSQUITO NETS MOTHER MOTHER TO CHILD MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE NEEDS ASSESSMENT NEONATAL CARE NEWBORN NEWBORN CARE NUTRITION OBESITY OUTPATIENT CARE PARASITIC DISEASES PATIENT PATIENTS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PHYSICIAN PHYSICIANS POLICY DEVELOPMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK POLIO POLITICAL INSTABILITY POLITICAL UNREST POOR HEALTH POOR NUTRITION POPULATION CHALLENGES POPULATION DIVISION POPULATION DYNAMICS POPULATION ESTIMATES POPULATION GROUPS POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATE PREGNANCY PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS PREGNANT WOMEN PRIMARY CARE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SERVICES PRIVATE PHARMACIES PROVIDER PAYMENT PROVISION OF EDUCATION PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAMS PUBLIC HEALTH SPENDING PUSH FACTORS QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALITY OF CARE QUALITY OF HEALTH QUALITY OF LIFE QUALITY OF SERVICES REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESPECT RISK FACTORS RURAL AREAS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL WOMEN SANITATION SCREENING SERVICE QUALITY SEXUAL BEHAVIOR SHORTAGES OF EQUIPMENT SKILLED BIRTH ATTENDANTS SKILLED WORKERS SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL CONDITIONS SOCIAL SECURITY TEACHING HOSPITALS TRANSPORTATION TUBERCULOSIS UNIVERSAL HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS URBAN SLUMS VACCINES VULNERABLE POPULATIONS WORKERS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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World Bank
Africa | West Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Ghana
2012-03-19T10:06:14Z | 2012-03-19T10:06:14Z | 2012-01-01

Ghana has come a long way in improving health outcomes and it performs reasonably well when compared to the other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, when its health outcomes are compared to other countries globally with similar incomes and health spending levels, its performance is more mixed. Ghana's health outcome performances, in terms of child health and maternal health, are worse than the levels found in other comparable lower middle income and health spending countries, but life expectancy is better. Ghana's demographic profile is changing, and demographic, epidemiological, and nutrition transitions are well underway. The dependency ratio is expected to be favorably affected by the expanding large numbers of individuals entering the labor force, while fertility albeit still high continues to decline. It is the right time for Ghana to take advantage of this potential demographic dividend. Taking appropriate steps to improve employment opportunities is critical or else the country will face economic pressures as well as political unrest. There is a funding shortage for public health goods. Many public health goods, such as immunization and family planning, are generally heavily subsidized, with tax or donor financing. However, Ghana has a low allocation of public funds to meet the demands for family planning commodities. The private sector has responded somewhat to this market failure by selling family planning commodities in private pharmacies, thereby increasing supply. Morbidity and mortality from communicable disease (CD) are highly prevalent in Ghana, and make up fifty three percent of the disease burden. Although, cost-effective interventions are offered, a significant proportion of morbidity and mortality is still CD related.

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