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Development at the Border : Policies and National Integration in Cote d'Ivoire and its Neighbors

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION ALLOCATION BASE YEAR CAPACITY BUILDING CASH CROP CASH CROP INCOME CASH CROPS CASH EXPENDITURE CASH EXPENDITURES CHILD NUTRITION CITIZENS CITIZENSHIP CIVIL WAR CLIMATE COLONIALISM COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICE CONSUMER PRICE CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE CONSUMPTION LEVELS CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA COTTON PRODUCTION CROP PRODUCTION CULTURAL CHANGE CURRENCY DEMOGRAPHIC DEVALUATION DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT POLICY DURABLE GOODS ECONOMETRICS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DATA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC LIFE ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES ECONOMIC RESEARCH ECONOMICS RESEARCH ETHNIC GROUP ETHNIC GROUPS ETHNIC HETEROGENEITY EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATES FARMERS FOOD EXPENDITURES FOOD PRODUCTION GDP GDP PER CAPITA HEALTH POLICIES HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD HEADS HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSING HUMAN ACTIVITY HUMAN CAPITAL IMMIGRANTS INCOME INCOMES INEQUALITY OF INCOME INFLATION RATE INSURANCE INTANGIBLE INTERNAL MIGRATION INTERNAL MIGRATIONS INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS INTERNATIONAL BORDERS INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION JOBS LABOR SUPPLY MACROECONOMIC LEVEL MANDATES MARKET DEMAND MEAT MIGRATION MIGRATION FLOWS MILK MONETARY FUND MOUNTAINOUS REGION NATIONAL ACCOUNTS NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL POLICIES NATIONALS NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS OUTPUT PER CAPITA PARASITIC DISEASES PEACE POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL TURMOIL POPULATION DENSITY PRICE LEVELS PRICE POLICIES PRODUCER PRICE PRODUCTION AREA PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC POLICIES PURCHASING POWER RADIO RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH REGIONAL CITIES REGIONAL CITY REGIONAL PRICE REGIONAL TRADE REGIONAL TRADE INTEGRATION RELATIVE PRICES REMOTE RURAL AREAS RESPECT RETURNS TO SCALE RURAL AREAS RURAL VILLAGES SAFE WATER SCHOOL QUALITY SHEEP SPATIAL INEQUALITY SPATIAL ORGANIZATION STATE FAILURE TAX TOTAL CONSUMPTION TRADE TAX TRANSPORTATION TREATIES TREATY TV URBAN AREAS URBANIZATION VALUE OF OUTPUT WARS WEALTH WHOLESALE MARKETS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Cote d'Ivoire
2014-02-03T21:42:24Z | 2014-02-03T21:42:24Z | 2013-09

Regression discontinuity designs applied to a set of household surveys from the 1980-90s allow to examine whether Cote d'Ivoire's aggregate wealth was translated at the borders of neighboring countries. At the border of Ghana and at the end of the 1980s, large discontinuities are detected for consumption, child stunting, and access to electricity and safe water. Border discontinuities in consumption can be explained by differences in cash crop policies (cocoa and coffee). When these policies converged in the 1990s, the only differences that persisted were those in rural facilities. In the North, cash crop (cotton) income again made a difference for consumption and nutrition (the case of Mali). On the one hand, large differences in welfare can hold at the borders dividing African countries despite their assumed porosity. On the other hand, border discontinuities seem to reflect the impact of reversible public policies rather than intangible institutional traits.

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