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Toward Climate-Resilient Development in Nigeria

ACTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADVERSE IMPACTS ADVERSE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURE AIR AIR SURFACE TEMPERATURE ANNUAL PRECIPITATION ANNUAL RUNOFF ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE ATMOSPHERE ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS BARRIER ISLANDS BASINS BEACH BIODIVERSITY BIOENERGY BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY CALCULATION CARBOHYDRATES CARBON CYCLE CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON DIOXIDE ENRICHMENT CARBON MARKETS CASE STUDIES CASSAVA CIDA CLIMATE CLIMATE ACTION CLIMATE ANALYSIS CLIMATE ANOMALIES CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STRATEGY CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS CLIMATE CHANGES CLIMATE CONDITIONS CLIMATE EFFECTS CLIMATE FACTORS CLIMATE IMPACT CLIMATE IMPACT ASSESSMENTS CLIMATE IMPACTS CLIMATE MODEL CLIMATE MODEL SIMULATIONS CLIMATE MODELING CLIMATE MODELS CLIMATE OUTCOMES CLIMATE PATTERNS CLIMATE PROJECTIONS CLIMATE RESEARCH CLIMATE RESEARCH UNIT CLIMATE RESILIENCE CLIMATE RISK CLIMATE RISKS CLIMATE SCENARIO CLIMATE SCENARIOS CLIMATE SYSTEM CLIMATE UNCERTAINTY CLIMATE VARIABILITY CLIMATE-RELATED RISKS CLIMATES CLIMATOLOGY CO CO2 COAL COAST COASTAL AREAS COASTAL EROSION COASTAL ZONES COASTS COLORS CONSERVATION CONSTRUCTION CROP CROP PRODUCTION CROP YIELDS CROPLAND CROPS CRU DAMS DATA COLLECTION DATA QUALITY DATA SOURCES DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS DESALINATION DESERTIFICATION DIESEL DISCHARGE DRAINAGE DROUGHT DRY CLIMATE ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS ECOLOGICAL ZONES ECOLOGY ECOSYSTEMS EMISSION EMISSION SCENARIO EMISSION SCENARIOS EMISSIONS ENERGY MIX EROSION EXTREME EVENTS EXTREME WEATHER EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS FARMS FEED FERTILIZATION FERTILIZERS FISHERIES FLOODING FLOODPLAINS FLOODS FLUCTUATIONS IN RAINFALL FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOREST FOREST ECOLOGY FOREST SYSTEMS FORESTRY FORESTS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE FRESHWATER FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE FUTURE CLIMATE VARIABILITY GAS GAS TURBINE GCM GENERAL CIRCULATION MODEL GENERATION CAPACITY GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY GREENHOUSE GREENHOUSE GASES GRID ELECTRICITY GROUNDWATER GROWING SEASON HOUSING HUMIDITY HUMIDITY INDEX HYDROLOGIC CYCLE HYDROLOGICAL REGIMES HYDROLOGICAL RESPONSE HYDROLOGICAL SERVICES HYDROLOGY HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF CLIMATE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE INNOVATION INTENSE RAINFALL INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE IPCC IRRIGATION LAND AREA LAND COVER LAND DEGRADATION LAND MANAGEMENT LAND SURFACE LAND USE LAND USE CHANGE LIVESTOCK LOSS OF FOREST LOW-CARBON METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH MITIGATION MONITORING PLANS NATIONAL CLIMATE NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE NATURAL RESOURCES NEGATIVE IMPACTS NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE PASTURES PESTICIDES PETROLEUM PHYSICS PRECIPITATION PRECIPITATION DATA PRECIPITATION PATTERNS PUBLIC HEALTH QUALITY CONTROL RAIN RAINFALL RAINFALL PATTERNS RAINFALL REGIME RAINWATER RAINWATER HARVESTING RAINY SEASON RANGES REGIONAL CLIMATE REGIONAL CLIMATE MODEL RESERVOIR RESERVOIRS RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE RESTORATION RICE RICE PRODUCTION RICE YIELDS RIVER RURAL DEVELOPMENT SEA LEVEL RISE SOILS STORM SURGES STORMS SURFACE TEMPERATURE SURFACE TEMPERATURES SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE FOREST SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT SWAMP TEMPERATURE INCREASE TEMPERATURE INCREASES TEMPERATURE-HUMIDITY INDEX THERMAL STRESS TROPICAL FORESTS USAID VARIABILITY IN RAINFALL VEGETATION VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE WATER RESOURCES WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WATERSHED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT WETLANDS WMO YAMS ZINC
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa | Nigeria
Cervigni, Raffaello | Valentini, Riccardo | Santini, Monia
2013-09-25T18:11:48Z | 2013-09-25T18:11:48Z | 2013-06-03

This book analyzes the risks to Nigeria's development prospects that climate change poses to agriculture, livestock, and water management. These sectors were chosen because they are central to achieving the growth, livelihood, and environmental objectives of Vision 20: 2020; and because they are already vulnerable to current climate variability. Since other sectors might also be affected, the findings of this research provide lower-bound estimates of overall climate change impacts. Agriculture accounts for about 40 percent of Nigeria's Gross Domestic product (GDP) and employs 70 percent of its people. Because virtually all production is rain-fed, agriculture is highly vulnerable to weather swings. It alerts us that increases in temperature, coupled with changes in precipitation patterns and hydrological regimes, can only exacerbate existing vulnerabilities. The book proposes 10 practical short-term priority actions, as well as complementary longer-term initiatives, that could help to mitigate the threat to vision 20: 2020 that climate change poses. Nigeria's vision can become a reality if the country moves promptly to become more climate-resilient. Climate variability is also undermining Nigeria's efforts to achieve energy security. Though dominated by thermal power, the country's energy mix is complemented by hydropower, which accounts for one-third of grid supply. Because dams are poorly maintained, current variability in rainfall results in power outages that affect both Nigeria's energy security and its growth potential. In particular, climate models converge in projecting that by mid-century water flows will increase for almost half the country, decrease in 10 percent of the country, and be uncertain over one-third of Nigeria's surface. The overall feasibility of Nigeria's hydropower potential is not in question. On grounds of energy diversification and low carbon co-benefits, exploiting the entire 12 gigawatts (GW) of hydropower potential should be considered. Nigeria has a number of actions and policy choices it might consider for building up its ability to achieve climate-resilient development.

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