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Structural Change in Ethiopia : An Employment Perspective

ACCOUNTING AGE GROUP AGE GROUPS AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURE ANNUAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AVERAGE WAGE AVERAGE WAGES BLOG BUSINESS ACTIVITIES BUSINESS SERVICES COMMERCE DEMOGRAPHIC EFFECTS DEVELOPMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES DRIVERS ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC RESEARCH ECONOMIC SECTOR ECONOMIC SECTORS ECONOMIC THEORY ELASTICITY ELECTRICITY EMPLOYERS EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT CREATION EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS EMPLOYMENT GROWTH EMPLOYMENT INCREASES EMPLOYMENT INDICATORS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT POLICIES EMPLOYMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT RATES EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP EMPLOYMENT SHARE EMPLOYMENT TERMS EXPORTS FEMALE EMPLOYMENT FINANCIAL SERVICES GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBALIZATION GOVERNMENT SERVICES GROSS VALUE GROWTH PATH GROWTH PATHS GROWTH RATE HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS INNOVATION INSURANCE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION JOB GENERATION JOB SECURITY JOBS LABOR EFFICIENCY LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE GROWTH LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET LABOR PRODUCTIVITIES LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH LABOR REALLOCATION LABOR SHARE LABOR SUPPLY LABOR-INTENSIVE GROWTH LABOUR LABOUR MARKETS LABOUR OFFICE LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY LIVING STANDARDS MANUFACTURING MANUFACTURING WAGE MARKET SHARES MATHEMATICS NATURAL RESOURCES NOMINAL WAGES OCCUPATION OPEN ACCESS OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT OUTPUT PER CAPITA PERFORMANCES PREVIOUS DRAFT PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY SOURCE PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT PRODUCTIVITY DATA PRODUCTIVITY GAINS PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENTS PRODUCTIVITY INCREASES PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS PRODUCTIVITY PERFORMANCE PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS PUBLIC UTILITIES PURCHASING POWER RESULTS RETAIL TRADE SALARIED EMPLOYEES SERVICE SECTOR SKILLED LABOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURAL CHANGE SURPLUS LABOR TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION TIME PERIOD TIME PERIODS TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL OUTPUT TOTAL WORKERS UNDEREMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT STATISTICS UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS URBAN WORKERS USER USES VALUE ADDED WAGE DATA WAGE EMPLOYMENT WAGE LEVELS WEB WORKER WORKERS YOUTH EMPLOYMENT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2014-02-03T21:00:22Z | 2014-02-03T21:00:22Z | 2014-01

This paper investigates whether the Ethiopian economy is undergoing a virtuous process of structural change. In particular, it assesses the relative contributions of within-sector and between-sector productivity to output per capita growth. Based on data disaggregated into eight sectors for the period 1996-2011, the analysis suggests that the structure of output has changed considerably -- predominantly from agriculture to services -- but changes in the composition of employment have lagged behind. Labor productivity growth has been strong across most sectors, albeit mainly driven by within-sector productivity improvements. Nonetheless, the pace of structural change is accelerating and its relative contribution to output growth is increasing.

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