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Protected Areas and Deforestation : New Results from High Resolution Panel Data

ABSOLUTE VALUE AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURE AMAZON DEFORESTATION ANIMAL ANIMAL CONSERVATION ANNUAL DEFORESTATION ANTHROPOGENIC DISTURBANCE APPLIED ECOLOGY BIODIVERSITY BIOGEOGRAPHY BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES BIOSPHERE BIOSPHERE RESERVE BIRD BIRD AREAS BIRD CONSERVATION BRAZILIAN AMAZON BUTTERFLY CALCULATION CARBON EMISSIONS CARBON EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION COMMUNITY FORESTS CONSERVATION CONSERVATION BIOLOGY CONSERVATION SOCIETY CULTURAL VALUES DEFORESTATION RATES DETERMINANTS DRY FORESTS ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS ECOLOGICAL DEGRADATION ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES ECOSYSTEM ECOSYSTEMS ELEPHANTS ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMIST ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH EVERGREEN FORESTS FOREST AREA FOREST AREAS FOREST CHANGE FOREST CLEARING FOREST CONSERVATION FOREST CONVERSION FOREST COVER FOREST COVER CHANGE FOREST DEGRADATION FOREST ECOLOGY FOREST FIRES FOREST FRAGMENTATION FOREST GOVERNANCE FOREST LOSS FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST PROTECTION FOREST QUALITY GIANT PANDAS GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE GLOBAL FOREST HABITAT LOSS HABITAT MANAGEMENT HUMAN ENVIRONMENT HUMAN HABITATION HUMAN POPULATION ISSUES LAND CONSERVATION LAND COVER LAND COVER CHANGE LAND ECONOMICS LAND TENURE LAND USE LAND-COVER LAND-COVER CHANGE LAND-USE LAND-USE ALLOCATION LANDFORM LANDSCAPE LANDSCAPE CHANGE LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY LANDSCAPE PATTERNS LANDSCAPE STRUCTURE LARGE MAMMALS LOCAL LIVELIHOODS LOGGING LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY LOWLAND FOREST MANAGED FORESTS MIGRATION MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARK NATIONAL PARKS NATURAL AREAS NATURAL CONDITION NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NATURE NATURE CONSERVATION NATURE RESERVE NATURE RESERVES OIL PALM OIL PALM PLANTATIONS OPEN ACCESS PALM PARK BOUNDARIES PARK BOUNDARY PARK MANAGEMENT PARK STATUS POPULATION DECLINES PP REMOTE SENSING ROAD CONSTRUCTION ROADS SATELLITE IMAGERY SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS SET ASIDE SPATIAL MODEL SPECIES SPECIES CONSERVATION SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCE SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE NATURAL RESOURCE USE SUSTAINABLE RESOURCE USE TIGER TIGER HABITAT TIGER HABITATS TIGER RANGE TREE TROPICAL BIODIVERSITY TROPICAL DEFORESTATION TROPICAL FOREST TROPICAL FOREST AREA TROPICAL FOREST AREAS TROPICAL FOREST CARBON TROPICAL FOREST CONSERVATION TROPICAL FOREST FIRES TROPICAL FOREST FRAGMENTATION TROPICAL FORESTS TROPICS VEGETATION VEGETATION COVER WILDLIFE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION WILDLIFE RESEARCH WOODLAND
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World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Africa | East Asia and Pacific | Latin America & Caribbean | South Asia | Africa | Asia | East Asia | Oceania | Latin America
2014-12-03T19:33:31Z | 2014-12-03T19:33:31Z | 2014-11

This paper investigates the effectiveness of protected areas in slowing tropical forest clearing in 64 countries in Asia/Pacific, Africa, and Latin America for the period 2001-2012. The investigation compares deforestation rates inside and within 10 kilometers outside the boundary of protected areas. Annual time series of these deforestation rates were constructed from recently published high-resolution data on forest clearing. For 4,028 parks, panel estimation based on a variety of park characteristics was conducted to test if deforestation is lower in protected areas because of their protected status, or if other factors explain the difference. For a sample of 726 parks established since 2002, a test also was conducted to investigate the effect of park establishment on protection. The findings suggest park size, national park status, and management by indigenous people all have significant association with effective protection across regions. For the Asia/Pacific region, the test offers compelling evidence that park establishment has a near-immediate and powerful effect.

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