Skip navigation

Publications & Research :: Publication

Working toward Better Pay : Earning Dynamics in Ghana and Tanzania

ARITHMETIC ATTRITION AVERAGE EARNING AVERAGE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT CIVIL SERVICE COGNITIVE SKILLS COUNTRY COMPARISON DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DOWNWARD BIAS DRIVERS EARNING EARNINGS EARNINGS DISTRIBUTION EARNINGS GROWTH EARNINGS LOSSES EARNINGS PROSPECTS EARNINGS REGRESSIONS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EFFICIENCY WAGE MODELS EMPLOYEE EMPLOYMENT GENERATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS EMPLOYMENT SPELLS ENTREPRENEURSHIP ENTRY RATE EXCLUSION RESTRICTION FIRM SIZE FIRM SURVEYS FORMAL EDUCATION GENDER GAP HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMPERFECT INFORMATION INCOME COUNTRIES INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS JOB CREATION JOB EXPERIENCE JOB OFFER LABOR ECONOMICS LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE LABOR MARKET ISSUES LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES LABOR MARKET SEGMENTATION LABOR MARKETS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOUR LITERACY MACROECONOMICS MATHEMATICS MIGRATION MORAL HAZARD NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OCCUPATION OCCUPATIONS OLDER WORKERS PARTICIPATION RATES PAYING JOB PAYING JOBS POLITICAL ECONOMY POOLING PREVIOUS RESULTS PREVIOUS WORK PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT PRIVATE ENTERPRISES PRIVATE FIRMS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR WAGE PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEE PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOB READING RETENTION RATE RETENTION RATES RETURN TO EDUCATION RETURNS TO EDUCATION RIGID LABOR MARKETS SAVINGS SCHOOLING SELF EMPLOYMENT SERVANTS SERVICE SECTOR STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES TRANSPORT TRUST FUND UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYED JOB SEEKERS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS UNPAID WORKERS WAGE DIFFERENTIALS WAGE EMPLOYMENT WAGE GROWTH WAGE PREMIUM WAGE RATE WAGES WORKER WORKING CONDITIONS YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG WORKER YOUNG WORKERS YOUTH
64
0

Attachments [ 0 ]

There are no files associated with this item.

More Details

Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa
2014-06-09T19:29:28Z | 2014-06-09T19:29:28Z | 2014-05-29

Improving access to productive employment is a key policy challenge, especially in low-income countries (LICs), where the only asset in abundance is labor. Building on ongoing research on earnings mobility, this study uses unusually rich longitudinal data from Ghana and Tanzania to identify engines of, and barriers to, earnings and earnings mobility. It examines the role of individual characteristics such as gender, age, and skills and characteristics of the job, but it also focuses on the role of job switches for example, moves into and out of self-employment. It zooms in particularly on the drivers of transitions between low-paying and high-paying jobs, and addresses questions such as whether being low paid is a transitory or permanent phenomenon, and whether it has a scarring effect on an individual's employment prospects. The extent to which earnings dynamics differ for women and young adults is also discussed in detail. The cross-country comparison of earnings dynamics and labor market transitions helps shed light on the institutional factors that promote labor market mobility and entrepreneurship. The report is organized as follows: chapter one gives introduction. Chapter two presents a brief review of related literature. Chapter three gives a descriptive overview of the labor markets in the two countries. Chapter four examines the determinants of earnings levels. Chapter five examines determinants of earnings growth. Chapter six focuses on low-pay and high-pay transitions and analyzes whether the experience of being in a low-paying job undermines an individual's future earnings prospects. Chapter seven discusses key policy implications.

Comments

(Leave your comments here about this item.)

Item Analytics

Select desired time period