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Working Paper

Do Bilateral Social Security Agreements Deliver on the Portability of Pensions and Health Care Benefits? : A Summary Policy Paper on Four Migration Corridors between EU and Non-EU Member States

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY LABOR MIGRANTS RISKS LABOR FLOW WORKFORCE ECONOMIC GROWTH INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION OLD AGE NATIONAL LAW REPRESENTATIVES FROM MINISTRIES SPOUSE OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE FIRST CHILD EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES HEALTH CARE ACCESS POPULATION FACTS LABOR FORCE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HEALTH INSURANCE DISCRIMINATION IMMIGRANTS HEALTH CARE RETURNEES LEGAL STATUS RETURN MIGRATION FAMILY MEMBERS HEALTH RETURN OF MIGRANTS TREATIES VULNERABILITY BASIC HEALTH CARE OLD-AGE PUBLIC HEALTH LIFE EXPECTANCY SPOUSES SAFETY NETS TELEVISION DEMOGRAPHERS KNOWLEDGE INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION LABOR MARKET DISEASES NATIONAL LEGISLATION INTERVENTION LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES HOST COUNTRIES HEALTH SYSTEMS AGING CITIZEN MIGRATION HEALTH CARE SERVICES MODERNIZATION SERVICE PROVIDER INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS LABOR SHORTAGES MARRIAGE SOCIAL SECURITY OLD- AGE ORPHANS SERVICE DELIVERY MIGRANTS POLITICAL SUPPORT HEALTH CARE SYSTEM ELDERLY RESPECT PROGRESS MIGRATION FLOWS UNEMPLOYMENT QUALITY CARE MULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS NATIONAL SECURITY HUMAN CAPITAL MIGRANT FOOD SECURITY TRANSPORTATION WORKERS POLICIES POLYGAMY PENSIONS POLICY MAKERS DIVORCE LEISURE ACTIVITIES SOCIAL POLICY PURCHASING POWER SAFETY NET LONG-TERM CARE INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT URBAN AREAS MIGRANT WORKERS MEASUREMENT DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE POPULATIONS INJURIES MIGRANT-SENDING COUNTRIES MOTHER WORKSHOPS TEMPORARY MIGRANTS POLICY DEVELOPMENTS ELDERLY PEOPLE NATIONALS EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION POLICY SOCIAL WELFARE CITIZENS SOCIAL POLICIES INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS LEGAL MIGRANTS HEALTH SYSTEM SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL SECTORS WEIGHT HUMAN RIGHTS CHILDREN CITIZENSHIP WARS WAR WORLD POPULATION HOST COUNTRY NUMBER OF CHILDREN TREATY POPULATION MOVEMENT IMMIGRATION DISABILITY POPULATION LABOR SUPPLY MIGRANT WOMEN POLICY RESEARCH STRATEGY HOME COUNTRIES REGISTRATION HEALTH INSURERS FAMILIES LACK OF INFORMATION WOMEN COUNTRY OF ORIGIN REMITTANCES LABOR MARKETS POLICY ANALYSIS LABOR FORCES PERSONAL COMMUNICATION UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS RECIPIENT COUNTRY IMPLEMENTATION HEALTH SERVICES LONG-TERM MIGRANTS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | European Union | Morocco | Turkey
2016-07-20T21:39:55Z | 2016-07-20T21:39:55Z | 2016-05

This policy paper summarizes four corridor studies on bilateral social security agreements (BSSAs) between four European Union (EU) member and two non-member states, draws conclusions on their results, and offers recommendations. BSSAs between migrant-sending and migrant-receiving countries are seen as the most important instrument to establish portability of social security benefits for internationally mobile workers. Yet, only about 23 percent of international migrants profit from BSSAs and their functioning has been little analyzed and even less assessed. The four corridors studied (Austria-Turkey, Germany-Turkey, Belgium-Morocco, and France-Morocco) were selected to allow for comparison of both similarities and differences in experiences. The evaluation of these corridors’ BSSAs was undertaken against a methodological framework and three selected criteria: fairness for individuals, fiscal fairness for countries, and bureaucratic effectiveness for countries and migrant workers. The results suggest that the investigated BSSAs work and overall deliver reasonably well on individual fairness. The results on fiscal fairness are clouded by conceptual and empirical gaps. Bureaucratic effectiveness would profit from information and communication technology-based exchanges on both corridors once available.

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