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Working Paper

Socioeconomic and Fiscal Impact of Large-Scale Gold Mining in Mali

SANITATION LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL DEVELOPMENT FUNDS ECONOMIC GROWTH EQUIPMENT ACCOUNTING PROFIT MARGINS LOCAL CAPACITY CITY LOCAL ECONOMY LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT COEFFICIENTS MATERIALS PUBLIC SECTOR SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION EXCHANGE SPENDING LOCAL GOVERNMENTS FINANCIAL RESOURCES CURRENT EXPENDITURES SERVICES DEVELOPING COUNTRIES TAX COLLECTION HOUSING EXPORTERS POLITICAL ECONOMY REVENUES TAX BURDEN EQUITY RETURNS STREET CLEANING TAX INCOME TAX BUDGETING CORPORATE INCOME TAX INTERNATIONAL BANK FISCAL IMPACT MUNICIPALITIES BUDGET CENTRAL BANK TEXTBOOKS PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING INVESTMENT SPENDING DISTRICT WATER TRANSFERS MARKETS LOCAL GOVERNMENT POLLUTION CAPITAL EXPENDITURE LABOR TAX REVENUES DISTRICT LEVEL RESERVES EXPENDITURE PER CAPITA GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT METALS FUELS SUBSIDIES PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE PUBLIC INVESTMENT TAXES EXPENDITURE SUB-NATIONAL EQUITY LOCAL TAXES LEAD STATUTORY LAWS GOOD GOVERNMENT BUDGET TURNOVER ELECTRICITY FISCAL BURDEN RETURNS BUDGETS FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OIL BOOM REVENUE LEVELS GOVERNMENT REVENUE EXPENDITURES PER CAPITA EXPENDITURES LOCAL MARKETS SHARES MARKET NATIONAL BUDGET PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS STATE BUDGET TREASURY MANAGEMENT ROADS REVENUE COLLECTION MINING TAXATION FISCAL SPACE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC RESOURCES PAPER GOODS LAND SECURITY DURABLE INVESTMENT IRRIGATION SHARE TAX SYSTEM POVERTY DECENTRALIZATION REVENUE PROFIT INVESTMENTS CAPITAL EXPENDITURES POVERTY RATE COMMUNITY CAPITAL INVESTMENT PUBLIC SPENDING GOVERNMENTS PUBLIC SERVICE DISTRICTS LOCAL CAPACITIES PUBLIC GOODS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Mali
2015-11-05T20:12:56Z | 2015-11-05T20:12:56Z | 2015-10

This paper analyzes the socioeconomic, fiscal, and governance impact of gold mining in Mali. The analysis finds that, at the national level, mining plays an important role by contributing to export earnings and overall government fiscal revenue. In 2013, the mining sector represented 7 percent of gross domestic product, contributed 1.5 percent to growth in total gross domestic product, and accounted for 65 percent of total export earnings and 25 percent of total government budget revenues. At the local level, despite higher population growth, there is some evidence that outcomes (poverty and infrastructure services) are marginally better in mining communes compared with non-mining communes. Local governments receive fiscal windfalls that are spent significantly on education capital expenditures and current expenditures (salaries and non-salaries). Non-salary current expenditures are 10 times higher in mining areas. Analysis of the political economy of public service provision at the local level suggests that technical or absorptive capacities may be the bottleneck to increasing the local benefit of mining instead of corruption or accountability.

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