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Strategies for Urbanization and Economic Competitiveness in Burundi

SANITATION FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE POPULATION DENSITIES ECONOMIC GROWTH URBANIZATION INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL AIRPORT TIME FERRIES TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT CORRIDORS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT VEHICLES URBAN ROAD TRANSPORTATION COSTS PROPERTY RIGHTS TREND REGIONAL TRAVELERS EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION STREET SPACE CHAUFFEUR CARRIERS NEIGHBORHOODS SUBSIDY TRAFFIC AIR INFRASTRUCTURE TRAVEL FACILITATION TAX INCOME TAX AIRPORTS CITIES ROUTES AIR TRANSPORT SERVICES TRAVELERS ENABLING ENVIRONMENT DRIVERS SPEEDS INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT STREET LIGHTING VEHICLE SIDEWALKS SIGNAGE ROAD URBANISM COSTS AIRPORT OPERATIONS TRANSPORT OPERATORS AIR TRAVEL TRAINING PIERS TRANSPORTS TRANSPORT POPULATION GROWTH MOBILITY TAX EXEMPTIONS EXTERNALITIES FUEL CHARGES ACCESS ROADS TRIPS HIGH ENERGY TRUE POLLUTION INDICATORS AIR TRAFFIC CAPITAL INVESTMENTS ROUTE GRANTS INFRASTRUCTURE LAND USE TAXES INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INITIATIVES CONGESTION NATIONAL PARKS TRAVEL TRANSPORTATION TRANSIT AIR SAFETY POLICIES TRANSPARENCY BORDER CROSSING TRUCKS PROPERTY TAXES POLICE AFFORDABLE TRANSPORTATION ACCESSIBILITY TOURISM PRODUCTS POPULATION DENSITY TOURISM INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS PUBLIC WORKS HIGHWAYS URBAN DEVELOPMENT STREETS AFFORDABLE HOUSING BRIDGE MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT ENFORCEMENT OF REGULATIONS ROADS PORT FACILITIES CROSSING ELECTRONIC SYSTEM SPRAWL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT AIR TRANSPORT ECONOMIES OF SCALE BORDER MANAGEMENT URBAN PLANNERS AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES PEDESTRIAN RAILROADS FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE RAIL FUEL TRIP TRAILS POLLUTION CONTROL AVIATION SECTOR INVESTMENTS PEDESTRIANS ROAD CONNECTIONS URBAN ROADS AIR SERVICE HIGH TRANSPORTATION ROAD TRANSPORT SAFETY TRANSPORTATION SERVICES FREIGHT INFRASTRUCTURES BOTTLENECKS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Burundi
2015-07-23T17:45:22Z | 2015-07-23T17:45:22Z | 2015-06-19

This report argues that urbanization brings significant opportunities for both rural and urban areas and that Burundi needs to prioritize issues of economic growth and job creation. Based on a diagnostic evaluation of the current urbanization and spatial growth, GDP, and job potential, the report highlights the importance of prioritizing policies and investments to address deficiencies in Burundi urbanization. These remedial actions will help prepare Burundi for coming urban growth and help leverage agglomeration effects, minimize negative externalities associated with rapid urbanization, and potentially reap the demographic dividend of this transition. Getting urbanization right will need to be associated with targeted implementation strategies for growth in the agribusiness and tourism sectors. A rapid move to cities is a central element of Burundi development strategy, including an increase in the urbanization rate from 11 percent to 40 percent by 2025. Burundi vision 2025 aims to aims to promote urbanization via rural-urban migration, freeing arable land, providing nonagricultural urban employment opportunities, and in turn, reducing the risks for social conflict and economic fragility. This report shows that while the Vision 2025 target of rate 40 percent is unrealistic, Burundi urbanization rate may already be higher than expected due to limitations in the current urban classification and the agglomeration of households along major transport corridors. This uncertainty further underlines the need for government to address the key issues that will affect whether Burundi will achieve effective urbanization or not.

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