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Working Paper

Parental Human Capital and Effective School Management : Evidence from The Gambia

SKILLS FORMAL EDUCATION SYSTEM PRIMARY STUDENTS BASIC EDUCATION FORMAL EDUCATION TEACHERS EDUCATION AUTHORITIES SCHOOL POLICY STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES ILLITERACY NUMBER OF SCHOOLS STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO SCHOOL DATA SCHOOLING NUMERACY SCHOOL MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES LITERACY TEST HIGH SCHOOL HEAD TEACHER EDUCATION OUTCOMES INSTRUCTIONAL TIME PAPERS SCHOOL DECISION POOR PEOPLE LEARNING MATERIALS CARE PROVIDERS TEACHER PERFORMANCE ADULTS STUDENT PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION OPEN ACCESS TRAINEES ADULT LITERACY RATE LITERACY TEXTBOOKS KNOWLEDGE ATTENDANCE OF STUDENTS EDUCATION SECTOR LITERACY RATE TRAINING TEACHER TRAINING EDUCATORS ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION RESEARCH REPORT SECONDARY SCHOOL DOUBLE SHIFTS SCHOOL MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE EDUCATIONAL INPUTS SCHOOL AUTONOMY LEARNING EDUCATION SYSTEM LESSON PLANS RESEARCH SCHOOL DEVELOPMENT FIRST GRADE SCHOOL STUDENTS LEARNING RESOURCES PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHING SCHOOL LEVEL RADIO GRANTS SCHOOL DEVELOPMENT PLAN LIBRARIES PRIMARY SCHOOLS LEARNERS EDUCATION SYSTEMS READING SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL ORGANIZATION SCHOOL CLUSTERS SCHOOL SIZE SCHOOL YEAR HUMAN CAPITAL ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE SCIENCE SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS VALUES STUDENT SCHOOLS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE HEAD TEACHERS LEARNING OUTCOMES PUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS SCHOOL INSPECTORS STUDENT PERFORMANCE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION TEACHER RATIOS SCHOOL LEADERS LITERATURE CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES CLASS SIZE CAREERS REPORT CARDS DOUBLE SHIFT SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT CURRICULUM TEACHER EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES TEACHER PREPARATION SENIOR TEACHERS TEACHER RATIO COGNITIVE SKILLS EDUCATION SCHOOL PERFORMANCE LEVELS OF LITERACY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION TERMS OF STUDENT PERFORMANCE LOCAL SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL DIRECTORS PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PARENT-TEACHER ASSOCIATION UNIVERSITY STUDENTS SCHOOL GOVERNANCE LEARNING ASSESSMENTS NUMBER OF STUDENTS STUDENTS PER TEACHER EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS PRIMARY EDUCATION TEACHER ABSENTEEISM SCHOOL READING CLASSROOM CLASSROOMS SCHOOL SECONDARY EDUCATION ADULT LITERACY SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT STUDENT LEARNING COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IN SCHOOLS LEARNING ACTIVITIES FUTURE RESEARCH
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Gambia, The
2015-05-04T19:44:53Z | 2015-05-04T19:44:53Z | 2015-04

Education systems in developing countries are often centrally managed in a top-down structure. In environments where schools have different needs and where localized information plays an important role, empowerment of the local community may be attractive, but low levels of human capital at the local level may offset gains from local information. This paper reports the results of a four-year, large-scale experiment that provided a grant and comprehensive school management training to principals, teachers, and community representatives in a set of schools. To separate the effect of the training from the grant, a second set of schools received the grant only with no training. A third set of schools served as a control group and received neither intervention. Each of 273 Gambian primary schools were randomized to one of the three groups. The program was implemented through the government education system. Three to four years into the program, the full intervention led to a 21 percent reduction in student absenteeism and a 23 percent reduction in teacher absenteeism, but produced no impact on student test scores. The effect of the full program on learning outcomes is strongly mediated by baseline local capacity, as measured by adult literacy. This result suggests that, in villages with high literacy, the program may yield gains on students learning outcomes. Receiving the grant alone had no impact on either test scores or student participation.

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