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The Political Economy of Seed Reform in Uganda : Promoting a Regional Seed Trade Market

ACCESS TO CREDIT AFDB AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AGRIBUSINESS AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURAL INPUT AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTES AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AGRICULTURE RESEARCH INSTITUTE AGRICULTURES ANIMAL RESOURCES ARABLE LAND AREA ASARECA ASPECT AVERAGE YIELDS BANANAS BARLEY BEANS BEVERAGES BIOSAFETY BIOTECHNOLOGY BIOTECHNOLOGY PRODUCTS BORDER TRADE BREEDER SEED CAPACITY BUILDING CASH CROPS CASSAVA CENTRE CEREALS CERTIFICATION CAPACITY CERTIFIED SEED CGIAR COCOA COFFEE COMMERCIAL CROPS COMMERCIAL SEED COMMODITIES COMMODITY CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CONTRACT GROWERS COOPERATIVES COTTON COWPEAS CROP PROTECTION CROP VARIETIES CROPS CULTIVAR CULTIVARS CULTIVATION DAIRY INDUSTRY DAIRY SECTOR DATES DECENTRALIZATION DECISION MAKING DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS DRAGGING ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH EXPORT CROPS EXTENSION FAO FARM FARMER FARMER ASSOCIATIONS FARMER ORGANIZATIONS FARMERS FARMING FEED FERTILIZER FERTILIZERS FIELD TRIALS FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINGER MILLET FISHERIES FISHERIES RESOURCES FISHING FOOD CROPS FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FORAGE CROPS FORESTRY FOUNDATION SEED FRUIT TREES GARDENS GENOTYPES GERMPLASM GLOBAL WARMING GOATS GRAIN GRAIN CROPS GREEN REVOLUTION GROUNDNUT GROUNDNUTS HARVEST HORTICULTURAL CROPS HYBRID MAIZE HYBRID SEED HYBRID SEEDS HYBRIDS HYV IFAD IFDC IFPRI INCOMES INNOVATION INTEGRATION INTERNATIONAL FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT CENTER INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IRRIGATION LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LEGUMES LIVELIHOODS LIVESTOCK MAIZE MARKETING MEAT MILLET NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTES NATIONAL RESEARCH NGOS NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OIL OILSEEDS PEST CONTROL PIGEON PEAS PLANT BREEDERS PLANT BREEDING PLANT HEALTH PLANT PROTECTION PLANT VARIETY PROTECTION PLANTING PLANTING MATERIALS POLICY ENVIRONMENT POLICY MAKERS POLITICAL ECONOMY POTATOES POVERTY REDUCTION PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SEED COMPANIES PRIVATE SEED INDUSTRY PRODUCE PRODUCT QUALITY PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENT PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOOD PUBLIC GOODS QUALITY SEED QUARANTINE RAINFED AGRICULTURE RAW MATERIALS RICE SASAKAWA GLOBAL 2000 SEED SEED BUSINESSES SEED CERTIFICATION SEED COMPANIES SEED COMPANY SEED DEVELOPMENT SEED ENTREPRENEURS SEED INDUSTRY SEED MULTIPLICATION SEED POLICY SEED PRODUCERS SEED PRODUCTION SEED REFORM SEED REGULATIONS SEED SECTOR SEED STOCKS SEED SYSTEM SEED TECHNOLOGY SEED TESTING SEED TRADE SEED TRADE ASSOCIATION SEED VARIETIES SEEDS SEEDS SUBSECTOR SESAME SINGLE CROP SMALL FARMER SMALL FARMERS SORGHUM SOYBEAN SOYBEANS SUGARCANE SUNFLOWER SUNFLOWER SEED SWEET POTATOES TEA TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION TOBACCO UNDP UNION UNION FOR THE PROTECTION OF NEW VARIETIES OF PLANTS UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT UNIVERSITIES UPOV USAID VARIETY RELEASE VEGETABLE SEED VEGETABLE SEEDS VEGETABLES WHEAT YIELDS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | East Africa | Uganda
2014-04-02T20:42:44Z | 2014-04-02T20:42:44Z | 2014-01

This report provides a short summary of the recent history of the seed industry. Although the informal seed system still accounts for an estimated 85 percent of planted seed, the formal sector has been transformed in 20 years from control by a monopoly parastatal to competition among 23 registered companies, with at least 5 or 6 being serious players. Significantly, the relief seed industry that dominated and distorted the formal seed trade during the Northern Uganda conflict has withered away, leaving room for a sustainable, market-driven seed industry to develop. Fundamentally, however, the key institutions in the sector and the legal framework are not fit for purpose and are a significant drag on the industry. This report sketches the roles and contribution of stakeholder organizations such as the Uganda Seed Trade Association, the Uganda National Farmers Federation, and the Uganda National Agrolnput Dealers Association. It outlines the support provided by major donors, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Danish International Development Agency (Danida), the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), the Netherlands Embassy, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the East Africa Community (EAC) Secretariat, over 15 years. After spelling out the issues in the sector, the report looks at the political economy literature for insights to help explain the near paralysis in the regulatory institutions. The dominant role of the National Resistance Movement (NRM) in decision making is described, as is the regime's use of inflationary patronage.

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