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More, and More Productive, Jobs for Nigeria : A Profile of Work and Workers

JOBS EMPLOYMENT CHILD WORK HOUSEHOLD SURVEY LABOR POLICIES UNEMPLOYMENT RATES EMPLOYMENT PATTERNS UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS EMPLOYMENT GENERATION ADULT WORKERS SKILLED WORKERS INFORMAL SECTOR YOUTH EMPLOYMENT LABOR LAW MINIMUM WAGE LABOR MARKET NEEDS PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT FOREIGN OWNERSHIP EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AGE GROUP RISING UNEMPLOYMENT RATES LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET SITUATION HEALTH INSURANCE PUBLIC SERVICES PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT LABOR SURVEYS JOB PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES RISING UNEMPLOYMENT PAYING JOBS FIRM SURVIVAL LABOR STATISTICS FIRM SIZE INCOME SUPPORT TRAINING PROGRAMS RETAIL TRADE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES JOB LOSSES LIFE EXPECTANCY JOB SEEKERS INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION FIRST-TIME JOB SEEKERS EMPLOYMENT LEVEL LABOR MARKET URBAN EMPLOYMENT JOB CREATION SCHEME WAGE BILL RIGHT TO WORK VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS LABOR COSTS UNEMPLOYED WORKERS ON-THE-JOB TRAINING BARGAINING POWER WORKER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES UNEMPLOYED YOUTH MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY LABOR PRODUCTIVITY UNEMPLOYED OLDER WORKERS LOW-WAGE EMPLOYMENT HOUSEHOLD INCOME JOB EXPERIENCE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS JOB TRAINING PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS LABOR PRIMARY SCHOOL TOTAL EMPLOYMENT JOB SEARCH PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM WAGE INCREASE JOB CREATION PROGRAM JOB VACANCY MINIMUM WAGES WAGE LEVELS INDUSTRIAL LABOR UNEMPLOYMENT AVERAGE WAGES PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH HUMAN CAPITAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING WORKERS WAGE BARGAINING YOUNG WORKERS DOMESTIC MARKETS LABOR LAWS PRODUCTIVE WORK UNEMPLOYMENT RATE LABOR DEMAND HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE WOMEN WORKERS HIGH EMPLOYMENT AVERAGE WAGE CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES PAYING JOB WAGE PREMIUM SKILLED WORKFORCE OCCUPATIONS OCCUPATION SAFETY NET RURAL POVERTY UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE EMPLOYMENT STATUS PRIVATE FIRMS WORKING POOR WORKFORCE SKILLS PRODUCTIVE FIRMS EMPLOYMENT GROWTH JOB CREATION PRIVATE SECTOR WAGE RATE EARNING LABOR MOBILITY MANUFACTURING WAGE PUBLIC WORKS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING JOB OFFERS WAGE SECTOR FORCED LABOR PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS MANPOWER SKILLED LABOR MANAGEMENT LABOR STANDARDS PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES BASIC LITERACY EMPLOYABILITY WORKING CONDITIONS PRIVATE COMPANY PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS LABORERS DISCIPLINE SEASONAL LABOR HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION LABOR SUPPLY WORK ACTIVITY FINDING JOBS INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT CHILD LABOR JOB SKILLS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIVATE COMPANIES FIRM GROWTH LABOUR LABOR MARKETS TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS FIRM SURVEYS WAGE EMPLOYMENT LABOR REGULATIONS LABOR MIGRATION LABOR MARKET TRAINING PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT EMPLOYEES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Nigeria
2016-03-28T16:03:47Z | 2016-03-28T16:03:47Z | 2015

This report provides an overview of jobs,workers, and employment opportunities in Nigeria, using recent household data. Jobs are critical for Nigeria’s present and future, as better jobs and income-earning opportunities form the basis for more diversified economic growth, poverty reduction, and greater prosperity. This report relies heavily on the wealth of information gathered through the General Household Survey conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics. The diagnostics included in this report are intended to describe the landscape of jobs in the country and provide broad analysis as an input into the development of a jobs strategy for Nigeria. The analysis conducted for this report has highlighted three areas that need attention: (i) data quality issues, as shown in the several rounds of data cleaning needed to provide consistent statistics; (ii) poor documentation and archiving, which prevented the use of several rounds of the household survey, especially to produce national-level statistics using population weights; and (iii) standardization, to permit comparisons of key variables over time and track the impact of policy changes and other events. As shown in this report, many Nigerians work, but generally in low-earning activities. Most work opportunities in the country are informal and do not come with a wage. This report presents an updated picture of jobs in Nigeria and identifies opportunities for improving the quality of jobs. This report has shown that Nigeria combines middle-income status and Africa’s largest economic power with high poverty levels, largely because the main sectors of economic growth are disconnected from the sectors that provide employment, notably subsistence activities in the agricultural and services sectors. Finally, the diagnostics included in this report show that both new and existing jobs, whether in agriculture or other sectors, will need to be more productive to help the population move out of low-earning employment and poverty.

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