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A National Biodiversity Offset Scheme : A Road Map for Liberia’s Mining Sector

PLANT DIVERSITY ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FISH CONSERVATION EFFORTS ECONOMIC GROWTH HABITAT TYPES WILDLIFE SPECIES DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS BIRDS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION LAND USES CULTURAL HERITAGE ADVERSE IMPACTS SPECIES COMPOSITION RESTORATION ACTIVITIES PLANNING PROCESS ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT SPECIES RICHNESS FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS PARKS DAMS SPECIES DIVERSITY DATA COLLECTION HABITATS MONITORING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM AMPHIBIANS RIPARIAN AREAS UPLAND AREAS COASTAL PLAIN BIOSPHERE QUALITY MANAGED FOREST WETLAND MITIGATION REGULATORY AUTHORITIES STREAM BIOMASS MANGROVE SWAMPS PLANTS WILDLIFE MINING OPERATIONS NATIONAL FORESTS MOUNTAINS ECONOMIC BENEFITS LAND AREAS BASINS INVASIVE SPECIES CONSTRUCTION SWAMP GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS BIODIVERSITY SPECIES RAINFALL ECOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS FORESTRY INDICATORS LAND OWNERSHIP PUBLIC LANDS GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION CASE STUDIES PRECIPITATION SWAMPS CLASSIFICATION AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS LAND USE PLANT SPECIES LAND USE PLANS LAND COVER PERMITTED ACTIVITIES RESTORATION MEASURES RANGES WATERSHEDS ANIMAL COMMUNITIES NATIONAL PARKS AQUATIC RESOURCES VEGETATION STUDIES PLANTATION BIOLOGICAL INTEGRITY ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION CLIMATE CHANGE SHRUBS PLANTATIONS FRESHWATER TREE PLANTATIONS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS CLIMATE BIOLOGY AMPHIBIAN SPECIES FORESTS ENDANGERED SPECIES LAND AREA MARSHES POLLUTANTS WOODY PLANTS AGRICULTURE FOREST HIGHLANDS NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY NATIONAL WILDLIFE DATA INTEGRITY CUMULATIVE IMPACTS ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES FOOD GRASSLANDS IMAGES BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION SURFACE AREA FISHERIES FOREST LAND DATA SETS SEWAGE TREATMENT BOTANY FORESTRY MANAGEMENT LAND ECOSYSTEMS ANALYSIS COAST WATERSHED RIVERINE ESTUARIES COASTAL MARSHES MITIGATION ECOLOGICAL BENEFITS CONSERVATION WETLAND COMPENSATORY MITIGATION BIOTIC COMMUNITIES BROOKS ECOLOGY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES SPECIES ASSEMBLAGES POLLUTION CONTROL WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREAS HEADWATERS RESTORATION RIPARIAN ZONES AGREEMENT SHADED AREAS SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT WETLANDS ADVERSE EFFECTS IMPLEMENTATION LAND MANAGEMENT SATELLITE IMAGES RIVER REMOTE SENSING
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Liberia
2015-05-19T21:32:00Z | 2015-05-19T21:32:00Z | 2015-03

Liberia had an estimated 4.3 million hectares of forests in 2011, comprising approximately 50 percent of Liberia’s landmass. These forests support very high levels of biodiversity, provide a wide range of ecosystem services (for example, bush meat, medicines, construction materials, and charcoal), and generate employment and revenue from commercial and chainsaw logging. Encouraging inward investment while striking a sound balance between different interests, respecting the legal and customary rights of local people, and conserving biodiversity represents a major challenge. This project focuses on the mining sector, which has the potential to become a significant engine for growth and broader-based development. It explores the feasibility of implementing a national biodiversity offset scheme in Liberia to help minimize adverse impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services resulting from mining. A Liberian national offset scheme will entail the application of a common methodology to ensure that conservation benefits are at least equivalent to biodiversity losses due to mining investments. The report is presented in seven chapters. Chapter one gives introduction. Chapter two discusses the conservation imperatives for Liberia and conveys a sense of the quality and extent of biodiversity within Liberia. Chapter three describes the challenge of securing conservation outcomes in Liberia as well as the prevalence of threats to biodiversity. Chapter four discusses the potential for biodiversity offsets to help secure conservation outcomes. Chapter five covers the legal, policy, and institutional framework in support of biodiversity offsets. Chapter six discusses the methodological aspects of implementing a national biodiversity offset scheme, together with the challenges of securing and effectively managing sources of funding. Chapter seven summarizes the report’s suggested next steps to implement a road map for biodiversity offsets in Liberia.

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