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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Nigeria Agriculture and Rural Poverty : A Policy Note

AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL ADVICE AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL SEASON AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AGRICULTURE ANIMAL TRACTION CASH CROPS CENTRAL REGION CHILD LABOR COMMERCIAL FARMERS CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES CONSUMPTION QUINTILES COPING STRATEGY COST EFFECTIVENESS CREDIT ACCESS CROP PRODUCTION CROP SELECTION DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH GROUP DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS DISTRIBUTION OF LAND DIVERSIFICATION ECOLOGICAL ZONES EXPLANATORY VARIABLES FAMILY MEMBERS FARM ACTIVITY FARM HOUSEHOLDS FARM INCOME FARM LABOR FARM SECTOR FARM TECHNOLOGIES FARMER FARMLAND FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS FOOD AVAILABILITY FOOD PRICES FOOD SECURITY GOVERNMENT POLICIES HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HOUSEHOLD DEMOGRAPHICS HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD HEADS HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD PLOTS HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLDS WITH LIVESTOCK IDIOSYNCRATIC ERROR IMPACT ON POVERTY INCIDENCE OF POVERTY INCOME INCOME DATA INCOME SHARES INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES INCREASED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY INSURANCE IRRIGATION LACK OF INFORMATION LAND ACQUISITION LAND DEGRADATION LAND HOLDINGS LAND OWNERSHIP LAND QUALITY LAND SIZE LAND TENURE LANDHOLDINGS LIVESTOCK ACTIVITIES LIVESTOCK INCOME LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP LIVING STANDARDS NATIONAL POVERTY NATIONAL POVERTY LINE NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NET INCOME NONFARM ENTERPRISES NONFARM INCOME OUTPUT MARKETS PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION POOR POOR FARM HOUSEHOLDS POOR HOUSEHOLD POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POORER HOUSEHOLDS POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY MEASURE POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY RATE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY STATUS POVERTY THRESHOLD PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS REDUCTION IN POVERTY REGIONAL DIFFERENCES REGIONAL VARIATION REGRESSORS RISK MANAGEMENT ROADS RURAL RURAL ACTIVITIES RURAL ACTIVITY RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL ELECTRIFICATION RURAL EMPLOYMENT RURAL FARM RURAL HOUSEHOLD RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL INCOMES RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL POOR RURAL POOR HOUSEHOLDS RURAL POVERTY SHEEP SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION SMALLHOLDER FARMERS SUBSISTENCE TARGETING TRANSPORT WAGE EARNERS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Nigeria
2014-08-14T19:50:50Z | 2014-08-14T19:50:50Z | 2014-05

The Nigerian labor force, like that of many countries in Africa, is heavily concentrated in agriculture. According to World Bank reports, the agricultural sector in Nigeria grew by about 6.8 percent annually from 2005-2009. This report focuses on the characteristics of the agricultural sector and rural households in Nigeria, and their implications for poverty. This report examines the relationships using nationally representative data from the general household survey panel (GHS), 2010-11. It was found that an elasticity of poverty reduction with respect to agricultural productivity of between 0.25 to 0.3 percent implying that a 10 percent increase in agricultural productivity will decrease the likelihood of being poor by between 2.5 and 3 percent. Agriculture in Nigeria is varied across regions, and, not surprisingly, most households involved in the sector reside in rural areas. The report is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two gives brief description of selected agricultural programs and the targets of government expenditure in the sector in recent decades. Section three presents detailed profile of rural households and the composition of economic activities with a particular focus on agriculture. Section four examines the determinants of agricultural productivity, and highlights the factors (land ownership, input use, labor, plot management, land tenure, and household characteristics) most important for small-holder productivity. Section five concludes.

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